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Anderson, Alfred (1896–2005), joiner and soldier, was born on 25 June 1896 at 20 Kinloch Street, Dundee, the third son of Andrew Anderson (1864–1945) and his wife, Christina, née Emmerson (1868–1945). His parents had emigrated to Chicago, Illinois, and were married there in 1888. However, nostalgia for ...

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Brampton, Sir Edward [Duarte Brandão] (c. 1440–1508), soldier and merchant, was born in Lisbon c.1440, reputedly the illegitimate son of Rui Barba and the wife of a Jewish blacksmith. About 1468 he travelled to England and converted to Christianity. As was usual in such cases, the ...

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Campbell, Lorne Maclaine, of Airds (1902–1991), army officer and wine merchant, was born at The Airds, Argyll, Scotland, on 22 July 1902, the eldest of the three sons of Colonel (Ian) Maxwell Campbell of Airds (1870–1954), army officer and wine merchant, and his wife, ...

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Crawford, John Scott (1889–1978), army officer and military supplies administrator, was born on 6 February 1889 at 13 Clifton Road, West Derby, Lancashire, the son of John Paton Crawford, an assistant manager at a marine engine works, and his wife, Ellen Edith Scott...

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Fenwick [Fenwicke], John (b. in or after 1593, d. c. 1670), merchant and parliamentarian army officer, was a younger son of Roger Fenwick (c.1566–1618), gentleman, of Bitchfield, in the parish of Stamfordham, Northumberland, and his wife, Mabel. His approximate date of birth is derived from that of his elder brother, who was born in 1592 or 1593. ...

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Edwin Cannan

revised by Anita McConnell

Flakefield, William (fl. c. 1670–1700), soldier and linen weaver, was, according to Ure, son of one Wilson of Flakefield, in the parish of East Kilbride, Lanarkshire, who became a merchant in Glasgow about 1650, and was called Flakefield in order to distinguish him from another merchant named ...

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Forbes, James [Jacob] (1580–1656), merchant and army officer in the Swedish service, was the eldest son of Henry Forbes (d. 1605), a soldier, of Thainstone and Margaret Forbes, eldest daughter of William Forbes of Corse and Susanna Stauchan. James was born in ...

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See Hall, Samuel Carter

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Harris, Benjamin Randell (1781–1858), soldier and shoemaker, was born in 1781 in Portsea, Hampshire, and was baptized on 28 October 1781. He was the eldest of the two sons of Robert Harris, a shepherd, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Randell (d. 1788)...

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Holker, John (1719–1786), Jacobite soldier and industrialist, was born on 14 October 1719 at Stretford, near Manchester, the son of John Holker, probably a blacksmith, and Alice, daughter of John Morris. His father died early; his mother was still alive in 1760. He was a partner with ...

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Husee, John (d. 1548), agent and soldier, is known to history principally as the servant of Arthur Plantagenet, Viscount Lisle, governor of the English outpost at Calais between 1533 and 1540. Thanks to that employment, and as a result of the seizure of ...

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Johnson, Thomas (1595x1600–1644), apothecary and soldier, was born at Selby in Yorkshire, probably between 1595 and 1600, of unknown parentage. All that is known of his early life is that at some time he lived 'in the further side of Lincolnshire' (...

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Jones, Thomas [Tom] (1908–1990), trade unionist and Spanish republican volunteer, was born on 13 October 1908 in Ashton in Makerfield, Lancashire, the second of three children of William Jones, coalminer, and his wife, Mary Jones, a kitchen maid. His father had earlier left ...

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Henry John Patch (1898–2009) by Peter Macdiarmid, 2008 [with Henry Allingham (left) and William Stone (right), Armistice Day service, 2008] © Getty Images

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Patch, Henry John [Harry] (1898–2009), soldier and plumber, and longest surviving British veteran of the First World War, was born on 17 June 1898 at Fonthill Cottage, Combe Down, Somerset, the youngest of three sons (there were no daughters) of William John Patch (1863–1945)...

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Pepperrell, Sir William, first baronet (1696–1759), army officer and merchant, was born on 27 June 1696 at Kittery Point, Maine (then part of Massachusetts), the sixth of eight children of William Pepperrell (1648–1734), merchant and shipowner, and his wife, Margery (1659–1741), daughter of ...

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Sir William Pepperrell, first baronet (1696–1759) by John Smibert, 1746 photography courtesy Peabody Essex Museum

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Poyer, John (d. 1649), merchant and army officer, was a Welshman from near Narberth in Pembrokeshire. About 1640 he was both a wealthy merchant regularly trading with Bristol and an industrial entrepreneur who claimed to employ 'more poor … in making cloth than any other man in those parts' (...

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Robertson, Archibald (1782–1847), army officer in the East India Company and director of the East India Company, was born on 18 September 1782 at Forres, near Elgin, the son of David Robertson. He was nominated a cadet in 1800, was made ensign in the ...

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Savage, Thomas (c. 1607–1682), merchant and army officer, was born in England. Although nothing definite can be established about his parentage, he was described by Edward Randolph as 'a gentleman of very good family in England' (CSP col., 9.408). By 1635 he was resident in the parish of ...