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Alured, John (bap. 1607, d. 1651), army officer and regicide, was baptized in the parish of All Saints, Sculcoates, Hull, Yorkshire, on 4 April 1607, the eldest son of Henry Alured (c.1581–1628), gentleman landowner, and his wife, Frances (d. 1626)...

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Armstrong, Sir Thomas (bap. 1633, d. 1684), army officer and conspirator, was baptized on 27 December 1633 at St Stephen's protestant church, Nijmegen, the son of Thomas Armstrong (d. 1662), army officer, and his wife, Anne, née Anderson. A coronet of horse at ...

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Atkinson, Robert (d. 1664), parliamentarian army officer and conspirator, was born in Winton, Westmorland, of a local family. He later married and had children, but little is known of his private life. According to Sir Philip Musgrave, before the civil war Atkinson had been a yeoman farmer with lands worth some ...

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Axtell, Daniel (bap. 1622, d. 1660), parliamentarian army officer and regicide, was baptized on 26 May 1622 at Great Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, probably the son of William Axtell (d. 1638), chief burgess of the town, and his wife, Dorothy Symons (d. 1629)...

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Barclay, Sir George (c. 1636–1710), army officer and Jacobite conspirator, was probably born in Kincardineshire, the son of Andrew Barclay of 'Sheels', who was of an unrecorded cadet branch of the Barclay family of Johnston, Kincardineshire, and was perhaps Andrew, a younger son of ...

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Barkstead, John [created Sir John Barkstead under the protectorate] (d. 1662), major-general and regicide, was probably the son of Michael Barkstead, a London goldsmith, and his wife, Anne, daughter of John Downing. His grandfather had lived at Lichfield in Staffordshire and his family was originally from ...

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Bernardi, John (1657–1736), army officer and Jacobite conspirator, was born at Evesham, Worcestershire, the son of Francis Bernardi (b. c.1627), a Genoese nobleman and agent at the court of Charles II, naturalized in 1675, and grandson of the Genoese diplomat Count Philip de Bernardi...

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Blood, Thomas (1617/18–1680), adventurer and spy, was born at Sarney, co. Meath. His early life is obscure, but it was later claimed that his father (who was possibly Neptune Blood) was a blacksmith and ironworker, 'serious, honest and of no inferior credit' (...

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Thomas Blood (1617/1818–1680) by unknown artist The Pepys Library, Magdalene College, Cambridge

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Blount, Sir Christopher (1555/6–1601), soldier and conspirator, was the second son of Thomas Blount (b. before 1523, d. 1568) of Kidderminster, Worcestershire. Blount's early life was profoundly shaped by two key influences: devout Catholicism (especially on the part of his mother, Margery, ...

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Bowes, Sir Robert (1493?–1555), soldier, lawyer, and rebel, was the second surviving son of Sir Ralph Bowes of Streatlam, co. Durham (d. 1512), and Marjorie (d. 1524), daughter and coheir of Sir Richard Conyers of South Cowton, North Riding of Yorkshire...

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Breman [Braman], John (bap. 1627, d. 1703), army officer, politician, and conspirator, was baptized on 27 March 1627 at Alton, Hampshire, the eldest surviving son of Thomas Braman (d. 1661), mercer of Alton. He first appears in 1647 as one of the regimental agitators of the ...

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Butler, James, second duke of Ormond (1665–1745), army officer, politician, and Jacobite conspirator, was born in Dublin Castle on 29 April 1665, the second and eldest surviving son of Thomas Butler, sixth earl of Ossory (1634–1680), soldier and politician, and his wife, Aemilia van Nassau (...

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James Butler, second duke of Ormond (1665–1745) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, c. 1695 by kind permission of the Examination Schools, Oxford

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Cantilupe [Cantelupe], Nicholas, third Lord Cantilupe (c. 1301–1355), soldier, administrator, and justice, was a son of William de Cantilupe, first Lord Cantilupe (1262–1308), and Eve Boltby (d. after 1314), formerly the wife of Alan of Walkingham, and succeeded his elder brother, William, ...

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Sir Peter Carew (1514?–1575) by Gerlach Flicke National Gallery of Scotland

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Carew, Sir Peter (1514?–1575), soldier and conspirator, was the third son of Sir William Carew (c.1483–1536) of Mohun's Ottery, Devon, and his wife, Joan (d. 1554), daughter of Sir William Courtenay of Powderham and his second wife, Mary. The eldest son, ...

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Challenor, Harold Gordon [Harry; Tanky] (1922–2008), soldier and police officer, was born on 16 March 1922 at 3 Caledonia Street, Bradley, near Wolverhampton, Staffordshire, the second of five children of Thomas Henry Challenor, then working in an iron foundry, and his wife, Ellen, ...

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Clark, Sir Robert Anthony [Bob] (1924–2013), special operations officer, solicitor, and businessman, was born at 29 Chandos Road, East Finchley, London, on 6 January 1924, the younger son of John Anthony (Jack) Clark, mechanical engineer, and his wife, Gladys Evelyn Mary, née Dyer (1891–1970)...

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Collins, David (1756–1810), colonial official and army officer, was born on 3 March 1756 at Cross Street, London, the third surviving of the eleven children of Arthur Tooker Collins (1718–1793) and his wife, Henrietta Caroline Fraser. His father was an officer of marines, while his mother came from a cultivated 'middling gentry family' of ...