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Article

H. M. Chichester

revised by A. G. L. Shaw

Anderson, Joseph (1790–1877), army officer and colonist, was born on 1 July 1790 at Keoldale, Sutherland, Scotland, the son of James Anderson of Rispond and his wife, Fairly Gordon. In 1805 he was appointed an ensign in the 78th highlanders, with which he served in ...

Article

Ronald Bayne

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Barker, Collet (1784–1831), army officer and explorer, was born near Paradise Gardens, Hackney, Middlesex, on 31 December 1784, the son of William Barker (c.1748–1832), skinner and mercer of Newbury, Berkshire, and Sarah Collet (1755–1808), elder daughter of Samuel Collet, of an established family of ...

Article

H. E. D. Blakiston

revised by Christopher J. Schmitz

Blakiston, Thomas Wright (1832–1891), army officer and explorer, was born at Lymington in Hampshire on 27 December 1832, the second of three sons of John Blakiston (1785–1867), army officer, and his wife, Jane, daughter of the Revd Thomas Wright of Market Harborough, Leicestershire...

Article

Blood, Thomas (1617/18–1680), adventurer and spy, was born at Sarney, co. Meath. His early life is obscure, but it was later claimed that his father (who was possibly Neptune Blood) was a blacksmith and ironworker, 'serious, honest and of no inferior credit' (...

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Thomas Blood (1617/1818–1680) by unknown artist The Pepys Library, Magdalene College, Cambridge

Article

Broughton, Thomas Duer (1778–1835), army officer in the East India Company and writer on India, was born in Bristol on 8 March 1778, son of the Revd Thomas Broughton, rector of St Peter's, Bristol, and his wife, Jane; he was great-grandson of the ...

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Frederick Gustavus Burnaby (1842–1885) by James Tissot, 1870 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Burnaby, Frederick Gustavus (1842–1885), army officer and traveller, was born at the old rectory, St Peter's Green, Bedford, on 3 March 1842, the elder son of the Revd Gustavus Andrew Burnaby (1802–1872) of Somerby Hall, near Oakham, Rutland, rector of St Peter's, Bedford...

Article

Cadogan, William (1601–1661), soldier and settler in Ireland, was born in Cardiff on 5 February 1601, the eldest son of Henry Cadogan of Llanbedr Felffre, Pembrokeshire, and Catherine, daughter of Thomas Stradling of St Donats Castle and Merthyr Mawr, Glamorgan. Although a Welshman by birth and upbringing, ...

Article

Stanley Lane-Poole

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Campbell, Donald (1751–1804), army officer and travel writer, of Barbreck, Argyll, is best known for his A journey over land to India … by Donald Campbell of Barbreck, who formerly commanded a regiment of cavalry in the service of the nabob of the Carnatic: in a series of letters to his son...

Article

Cavendish, Henry (1550–1616), soldier and traveller, was the eldest son of Sir William Cavendish (1508–1557) of Chatsworth, Derbyshire, administrator, and his third wife, Elizabeth [see Talbot, Elizabeth, countess of Shrewsbury (1527–1608)], noblewoman, known as Bess of Hardwick, daughter of John Hardwick...

Article

Champion de Crespigny, Sir Claude, fourth baronet (1847–1935), military adventurer and sportsman, was born in Chelsea on 20 April 1847, the eldest son of Sir Claude Champion de Crespigny, third baronet (1818–1868), of Wivenhoe Hall, Essex, and his wife, Mary, second daughter of ...

Article

J. M. Rigg

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Chavasse, William (1784/5–1814), army officer and traveller, tried with a brother officer, Captain Macdonald, to explore in 1814 the route traversed by the ten thousand under Xenophon. Starting from Constantinople they got as far as Ingra, near Baghdad, where they were captured by a ...

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Francis Rawdon Chesney (1789–1872) by unknown artist © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Stanley Lane-Poole

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Chesney, Francis Rawdon (1789–1872), army officer and explorer, was born on 16 March 1789 at Ballyvea, Annalong, co. Down, the eldest son of Alexander Chesney (1755–1843) and his second wife, Jane, née Wilson (b. c.1763), both Ulster protestants of Scottish descent. ...

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Thomas Frederick Colby (1784–1852) by William Brockedon, 1837 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Colby, Thomas Frederick (1784–1852), surveyor and army officer, was the eldest child of Major Thomas Colby (d. 1813), Royal Marines, and his wife, Cornelia Hadden, sister of Major-General John Murray Hadden, Royal Artillery, surveyor-general of the ordnance. He was born in the parish of ...

Article

Conder, Claude Reignier (1848–1910), army officer and explorer of Palestine, born at Cheltenham on 29 December 1848, was the son of Francis Roubiliac Conder (1815–1889), a civil engineer, and his wife, Anne Matilda Colt (1823–1890). Josiah Conder, his grandfather, married a granddaughter of the sculptor ...

Article

Couchman, Sir Harold John (1882–1956), army officer and surveyor, was born on 29 July 1882 in Haileybury, Hertfordshire, the youngest child of the two sons and two daughters of the Revd Henry Couchman (1839–1922), assistant master of Haileybury College, and his wife, Mary Jane Pooley (1843–1933)...

Article

Croft, (Noel) Andrew Cotton (1906–1998), army officer and Arctic explorer, was born on 30 November 1906 at Abbey Cottage, Essex Road, Stevenage, Hertfordshire, the only son and fourth child of the Revd Robert William Croft, curate of Stevenage, and his wife, Lottie Alice Bland Clayton...