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Badley, John Haden (1865–1967), headmaster, was born on 21 February 1865 in Tower Street, Dudley, Worcestershire, the only son of James Payton Badley, surgeon, and his wife, Laura Elizabeth Best. He had three older sisters to whom he was always very close. The home atmosphere was restricted in some ways but very supportive and affectionate, and he enjoyed a happy childhood. ...

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Baume, Pierre Henri Joseph (1797–1875), radical activist and eccentric, was born at Marseilles on 17 October 1797, the son of Henri Joseph Baume (1770–1831) and Marie Claire Antoinette Merlat (1780–1837). His parents ran a wig-making shop and were inclined both to anti-clericalism and adultery. When he was still young his father moved to ...

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Bosville, William (1745–1813), society host and radical, was born on 21 July 1745, the eldest son of Godfrey Bosville of Gunthwaite, Yorkshire, and his wife, Diana, the eldest daughter of Sir William Wentworth, baronet, of West Bretton. Bosville was able to trace his family back to the reign of ...

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Breakwell, Thomas (1872–1902), the first English Bahaءi convert, was born at Ellen Street, Woking, Surrey, on 31 May 1872, the youngest of the five children of Edward Breakwell, blacksmith, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Knight. He received his elementary education at the local school, and subsequently emigrated with his family to the ...

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Clairmont, Clara Mary Jane [Claire] (1798–1879), a member of the Shelley–Byron circle, was born in Brislington, Somerset, on 27 April 1798, the second child of Mary Jane de Vial, calling herself Mrs Clairmont [see Godwin, Mary Jane (1768-1841)] and Sir John Lethbridge, ...

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Gisborne [née James; other married name Reveley], Maria (1770–1836), friend of William Godwin and Mary and Percy Shelley, was probably born in England, the daughter of an English merchant whose surname was James and who abandoned his wife and infant daughter to a penurious existence in ...

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Stanley Owen Green (1915–1993) by unknown photographer © Museum of London

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Green, Stanley Owen [known as Protein Man] (1915–1993), dietary reformer and author, was born on 22 February 1915 at Harringay, north London, the youngest of the four sons of Richard Green (d. 1966), a bottle-stopper maker's clerk, and his wife, May (...

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Lindow Man (fl. 1st cent.?) by unknown photographer © The Trustees of the British Museum

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Lindow Man (fl. 1st cent.?), victim of ritual sacrifice, colloquially named Pete Marsh or the Body in the Bog, was found in Lindow Moss, near Wilmslow, Cheshire, in August 1984. A Celt, probably of the Brigantes tribe, he was a ritual sacrifice whose remains were deposited in a peat bog. The skin, hair, fingernails, bone collagen, and some internal organs had been preserved by the tannins of the sphagnum moss....

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Naomi Mary Margaret Mitchison, Lady Mitchison (1897–1999) by Wyndham Lewis, 1938 © Wyndham Lewis Memorial Trust

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Mitchison [née Haldane], Naomi Mary Margaret, Lady Mitchison (1897–1999), writer and social activist, was born on 1 November 1897 at 10 Randolph Crescent, Edinburgh, the younger child of John Scott Haldane (1860–1936), physiologist, and his wife, (Louisa) Kathleen (1863–1961), an active suffragist, daughter of ...

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Montez, Lola [real name Elizabeth Rosanna Gilbert] (1821–1861), adventuress, was born on 17 February 1821 at Grange, co. Sligo, Ireland, the only child of Edward Gilbert (c.1797–1823), an ensign of the 25th foot regiment, and his wife, Eliza Oliver (...

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Lola Montez (1821–1861) by Albert Sands Southworth and Josiah Johnson Hawes, c. 1850 The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Gift of I. N. Phelps Stokes, Edward S. Hawes, Alice Mary Hawes, and Marion Augusta Hawes, 1937. (37.14.41) All rights reserved, The Metropolitan Museum of Art

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Sydney Morgan, Lady Morgan (bap. 1783, d. 1859) by René Théodore Berthon National Gallery of Ireland

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Morgan [née Owenson], Sydney, Lady Morgan (bap. 1783, d. 1859), novelist and socialite, was baptized in Dublin in 1783, the elder child of Robert Owenson (1744–1812), an actor of Irish origin noted for his comic roles, and Jane Hill (d. 1789)...

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Oisín [Ossian] (supp. fl. 3rd–5th cent.), legendary hero, was the son of Fionn mac Cumhaill in the Fenian or Ossianic cycle of tales and lays that belongs to the Gaelic literary and oral traditions of Ireland and Scotland. He was assigned a floruit in the third century ad by medieval Irish scholars whose chronology of events connected with the pseudo-historical ...

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Omai (c. 1753–c. 1780), first Tahitian to visit England, was taken to England in July 1774 by Captain Furneaux, commander of the Adventure (sister ship of Cook's Resolution), and returned by Cook in November 1777, having left England the previous July. He appears to have been born about 1753 on the island of ...

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Omai (c. 1753–c. 1780) by Sir Joshua Reynolds, c. 1776 © reserved

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Frances Catherine Partridge (1900–2004) by Derry Moore, 1992 © Derry Moore; collection National Portrait Gallery, London