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Feibusch, Hans Nathan (1898–1998), mural painter, was born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, on 15 August 1898, the elder son of assimilated Jewish parents, Carl Feibusch (d. 1929), dental surgeon, and his wife, Marianne, née Ickelheimer, an amateur painter. He received a classical education and saw military service on the Russian front (1916–18). Following the war he briefly pursued medical studies, but then turned to painting and studied in ...

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Hans Nathan Feibusch (1898–1998) self-portrait, c. 1951 © The Werthwhile Foundation; Tate, London, 2004

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Fry [formerly Freund], Richard Henry (1900–2002), financial and political journalist, was born Richard Freund on 23 September 1900 in Berlin, the son of Rudolf Freund, a brewer and general merchant, and his wife, Betty. Both parents were from Bohemia, then part of the Austro-Hungarian empire. He had one brother. Although his father ran a brewery in ...

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Alfred Hyman Louis (1829–1915) by Histed © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Louis, Alfred Hyman (1829–1915), scholar and visionary vagrant, was born in 1829 in Birmingham, the eldest son of Hyman Tobias (or Tobar) Louis, a well-to-do merchant, and his wife, Maria. At fifteen he entered King Edward's School, Birmingham, where he began long friendships with ...

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Mayer, Sir Robert (1879–1985), patron of music and philanthropist, was born on 5 June 1879 at Mannheim, Germany, the third of the four sons (there was no daughter) of Emil Mayer, hop merchant and later brewer, of Mannheim, and his wife, Lucie Lehmaier...

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Sir Moses Haim Montefiore (1784–1885) by Elliott & Fry © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Montefiore, Sir Moses Haim (1784–1885), financier and Jewish community leader, the eldest son of Joseph Elias Montefiore, a London businessman, and Rachel, the daughter of Abraham Lumbroso de Mattos Mocatta, was born in Leghorn, Italy (during a visit there by his parents), on 24 October 1784. On his father's side ...

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O'Brien [née Raffalovich], Sophie (1860–1960), author and Irish nationalist, born on 16 January 1860 in Odessa, was the only daughter of Hermann Raffalovich (d. 1893), a wealthy Russian Jewish banker to the tsar, and his wife, Marie (d. 1921). Sophie...

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Sobell, Sir Michael (1892–1993), industrialist and benefactor, was born on 1 November 1892 at Boryslau, Galicia, the only son of Lewis Sobel and his wife, Esther. His family owned factories in the Austro-Hungarian empire and oil interests at Limburg in Germany, but his parents moved to ...

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(Beatrice) Venetia Stanley (1887–1948) by unknown photographer, c. 1914 © reserved

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Stanley [married name Montagu], (Beatrice) Venetia (1887–1948), prime minister's confidante, was born at Easthorpe, Malton, North Riding of Yorkshire, on 22 August 1887, the youngest of the seven children to survive to adulthood of Edward Lyulph Stanley (1839–1925), educationist, who succeeded as ...