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See Addison, Joseph

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Anning, Mary (1799–1847), fossil collector and dealer, was born on 21 May 1799 in a seaside house in Lyme Regis, Dorset. She and her brother Joseph (1796–1849) were the only surviving children of Richard Anning (c.1766–1810), cabinet-maker and carpenter, and his wife, ...

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Mary Anning (1799–1847) by unknown artist, before 1842 © The Natural History Museum, London

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Badley, John Haden (1865–1967), headmaster, was born on 21 February 1865 in Tower Street, Dudley, Worcestershire, the only son of James Payton Badley, surgeon, and his wife, Laura Elizabeth Best. He had three older sisters to whom he was always very close. The home atmosphere was restricted in some ways but very supportive and affectionate, and he enjoyed a happy childhood. ...

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Barnard, Howard Clive (1884–1985), educational historian, was born on 7 June 1884 at 11 King Edward Street in the heart of the City of London, the only child of Howard Barnard, journalist, and his wife, Sarah Ann Haggis. During the eighteenth century his ancestors established a firm of silversmiths in the ...

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Barrett, John [Jacky] (1753/4–1821), classical scholar and eccentric, was born in Ballyroan, Queen's county, the son of Daniel Barrett (d. 1760), a Church of Ireland clergyman, and his wife, Rossamund Gofton (d. 1782). Although baptized John he was universally known as ...

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Boothby, Hill (1708–1756), friend of Samuel Johnson, was born on 27 October 1708 at Ashbourne, Derbyshire, the only daughter of Brooke Boothby (d. 1727) of Ashbourne Hall, Derbyshire, and his second wife, Elizabeth Fitzherbert, daughter of John Fitzherbert of Somersall-Herbert, Derbyshire. A woman of considerable ability, she made the acquaintance of ...

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Brownell [married names Blair, Pitt-Rivers], Sonia Mary [known as Sonia Orwell] (1918–1980), literary editor, writer, and friend of artists and intellectuals, was born Sonia Mary Brownell on 25 August 1918 at Mesra Thaua, Ranchi, Bihar, India, the younger daughter of ...

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Sonia Mary Brownell [Sonia Orwell] (1918–1980) by unknown photographer, 1949 [left, at the offices of Horizon] UCL, MSSRB, Orwell Archive 3B18

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Carrie, Isabella Scrimgeour (1878–1981), suffragette and schoolteacher, was born on 3 May 1878 at 26 Wardmill Road in the parish of St Vigeans, Arbroath, the daughter of Richard Carrie (c.1836–1912), bleachfield worker, and his wife, Ann Robertson Harris (c.1842–1903)...

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Elizabeth Christiana Cavendish, duchess of Devonshire (1757–1824) by Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1787 Chatsworth House. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Cavendish [née Hervey; other married name Foster], Elizabeth Christiana, duchess of Devonshire (1757–1824), society hostess and patron of the arts, was the middle daughter of Frederick Augustus Hervey, fourth earl of Bristol (1730–1803), and his wife, Elizabeth Davers (1730–1800), and was known for most her life as ...

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See Cherry, Francis

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Clement [Clements; née Giggs], Margaret (1508–1570), adopted daughter of Sir Thomas More, is of obscure parentage. She was described by the biographer of her daughter Margaret as having been 'a gentleman's daughter of Norfolk' (Durrant, 183); a family named Giggs...

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Cuffe [Cuff], Henry (1562/3–1601), classical scholar and secretary to the earl of Essex, is believed to have been the youngest son of Robert Cuffe, of Donyatt, Somerset. The senior branch of the family were modest landowners at Creech St Michael, near Taunton. A ...

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Elphinstone [née Thrale], Hester Maria, Viscountess Keith (1764–1857), protégée of Samuel Johnson, the eldest daughter of Henry Thrale (1728–1781), brewer, and his wife, Hester, afterwards Mrs Piozzi (1741–1821), was born on 17 September 1764 at Southwark, London. Dr Johnson, a friend of the family from 1765, called her ...

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Charles Joseph Faulkner (1833–1892) by unknown photographer, c. 1858 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Faulkner, Charles Joseph (1833–1892), university teacher and associate of William Morris, was born in Birmingham on 6 November 1833, the second son of Benjamin Faulkner, maltster and brewer, and his wife, Ann, née Wight. He was educated at the Birmingham proprietary school and matriculated from ...

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Gregory [married name Alison], Dorothea (bap. 1754, d. 1830), companion of Elizabeth Montagu, was baptized on 4 June 1754 at St Nicholas's Church, Aberdeen, the elder of the two daughters of John Gregory (1724–1773), professor of medicine at Edinburgh University, and his wife, ...

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Henderson, John (1757–1788), student and eccentric, was born on 27 March 1757 at Ballygarran, near Limerick, the only child of Richard Henderson (1736/7–1792), an Irishman, and his wife, Charlotte (d. 1775). The family came to England about 1762, and Richard became one of ...