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Brookes [née Emmerton], Dame Mabel Balcombe (1890–1975), socialite and charity worker, was born on 15 June 1890 at Raveloe, South Yarra, Melbourne, Australia, the only child of Harry Emmerton (1845–1927), an English born solicitor, and his wife, Alice Mabel Maude (1865–1923), a daughter of ...

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Joan Bull (supp. fl. 1928–1946) by David Low, 1928 Evening Standard; collection University of Kent at Canterbury

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Bull, Joan (supp. fl. 1928–1946), fictitious epitomist of enfranchised women, the analogue of John Bull, was created by the cartoonist David Low (1891–1963) to symbolize the women aged between twenty-one and thirty who obtained the vote in 1928 despite opposition from the 'diehard dimwits'—clear precursors of ...

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Bywater, (Richard) Arthur Samuel (1913–2005), munitions factory official, was born on 3 November 1913 at 1 Teignmouth Road, Selly Oak, Birmingham, the third son of Walter Bywater, clerk at a tinplate works, later chief clerk of stores at the Austin Motor Company, Longbridge, Birmingham...

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Crawford [née Smith], Virginia Mary (1862–1948), party in the Dilke divorce case and social worker, was born on 20 November 1862 at Gosforth House, Northumberland, the sixth of the ten children of Thomas Eustace Smith (1831–1903), Newcastle shipping magnate and Liberal MP for ...

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Millicent Fanny Sutherland-Leveson- Gower, duchess of Sutherland (1867–1955) by Charles Lallie, c. 1906 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Gower, Millicent Fanny Sutherland-Leveson- [née Millicent Fanny St Clair-Erskine], duchess of Sutherland (1867–1955), society hostess and social reformer, was born on 20 October 1867 at Dysart House, Fife, the eldest child of Robert St Clair-Erskine, fourth earl of Rosslyn (1833–1900), and his wife, ...

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Stanley Owen Green (1915–1993) by unknown photographer © Museum of London

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Green, Stanley Owen [known as Protein Man] (1915–1993), dietary reformer and author, was born on 22 February 1915 at Harringay, north London, the youngest of the four sons of Richard Green (d. 1966), a bottle-stopper maker's clerk, and his wife, May (...

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Hanbury [née Sanderson], Elizabeth (1793–1901), philanthropist and centenarian, was born in Leadenhall Street in the City of London on 9 June 1793. She was the younger daughter of John Sanderson (1750–1816), a tea merchant, formerly of Armthorp, Yorkshire, and his second wife, ...

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Hartley, Henry Robinson (1777–1850), eccentric and philanthropist, was born on 12 November 1777 in Southampton, second and only surviving child of Henry Hartley (1731–1800) and his wife, Susanna, née Lavender (1742–1821). His father inherited a prosperous wine business from a childless uncle, George Robinson...

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Hollond [née Teed], Ellen Julia (1822–1884), salon hostess, philanthropist, and author, was born at Madras on 28 September 1822, only child of the lawyer Thomas Teed (1797–1843) and his Scottish wife, Julia Jane Jordan (1800–1866), afterwards Lushington. Sent to England at an early age, she was later joined by her parents, who in 1835 bought ...

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Kilgour, Mary Stewart (1851–1955), educationist and feminist, was born on 24 September 1851 in Longford, Tasmania, the daughter of John Stewart Kilgour, a Scottish doctor, and his wife, Susan Ann (née Archer). The family returned to Britain in 1854 and eventually settled in ...

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Kydd, Frances Ruth Burke Shand [née Frances Ruth Roche; other married name Frances Ruth Spencer] (1936–2004), voluntary worker, was born on 20 January 1936 at Park House, Sandringham, Norfolk, the second of two daughters of (Edmund) Maurice Burke Roche, fourth Baron Fermoy...

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Mayer, Sir Robert (1879–1985), patron of music and philanthropist, was born on 5 June 1879 at Mannheim, Germany, the third of the four sons (there was no daughter) of Emil Mayer, hop merchant and later brewer, of Mannheim, and his wife, Lucie Lehmaier...

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Naomi Mary Margaret Mitchison, Lady Mitchison (1897–1999) by Wyndham Lewis, 1938 © Wyndham Lewis Memorial Trust

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Mitchison [née Haldane], Naomi Mary Margaret, Lady Mitchison (1897–1999), writer and social activist, was born on 1 November 1897 at 10 Randolph Crescent, Edinburgh, the younger child of John Scott Haldane (1860–1936), physiologist, and his wife, (Louisa) Kathleen (1863–1961), an active suffragist, daughter of ...

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John Dennis Profumo (1915–2006) by Jimmy Sime, 1960 Getty Images

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Profumo, John Dennis [Jack] (1915–2006), politician and social worker, was born on 30 January 1915 at 28 Basil Street, Kensington, the second son (the elder had died in infancy) and fourth of five children of Albert Peter Anthony Profumo (1879–1940), barrister, and fourth Baron Profumo of the kingdom of Italy...

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Sheavyn, Phoebe Ann Beale (1865–1968), literary scholar and feminist, was born on 16 September 1865 in Long Street, Atherstone, Warwickshire. Her birth was registered nearly six weeks later by her mother, Jane Elizabeth Sheavyn, née Farmer. Her father, William Sale Sheavyn, was a draper in ...