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Batey [née Lever], Mavis Lilian (1921–2013), code-breaker and garden historian, was born on 5 May 1921 at 20 Crebor Street, Dulwich, London, the only daughter and younger child of Frederick (formerly Fred, later Stanley Frederick) Lever (1887/8–1971) and his wife, Lily Elizabeth, ...

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Bizzarri [Bizari], Pietro (b. 1525, d. in or after 1586), historian and spy, was born probably in Sassoferrato Castello (Marche), Italy, the son of Antonio Bizzarri, a soldier who died in 1528. He must also have lived in Perugia, hence his common description as ...

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Cammaerts, Francis Charles Albert (1916–2006), special operations officer and teacher, was born on 19 June 1916 at 17 Launceston Place, South Kensington, London, the elder son and third of the six children of Emile Leon Cammaerts (1878–1953) and his wife, Helen Geralda Louise, ...

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Davidson, Basil Craig Risbridger (1914–2010), special operations officer, journalist, and historian, was born Basil Craig Risbridger on 9 November 1914 at 23 Henleaze Road, Westbury-on-Trym, Bristol, the son of Charles Edmund Risbridger (1866–1915), tailor, and his wife, Jessie, née Craig. He was nine months old when his father died; he acquired the surname ...

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Hinsley, Sir (Francis) Harry (1918–1998), cryptanalyst and historian, was born on 26 November 1918 at 28 Rowland Street, Walsall, the son of Thomas Henry Hinsley, ironworks waggoner, and his wife, Emma, née Adey. He went to the local elementary school and then to ...

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Jones, David (fl. 1675–1720), spy and historian, was the son of the Revd John Jones of Llanbadarn Odwyn, Cardiganshire, one of the earliest nonconformist ministers in that part of Wales. According to John Dunton, he was 'designed for the ministry, but began to teach school, and from that employment turned author and corrector for the press' (...

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Knox, (Alfred) Dillwyn (1884–1943), classical scholar and cryptographer, was born on 23 July 1884 in Oxford, the fourth of six children (four sons and two daughters) of the Revd Edmund Arbuthnott Knox (1847–1937), a tutor at Merton College (later bishop of Manchester), and his first wife, ...

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MacMoyer [Weyer], Florence (d. 1713), informer and schoolmaster, was born in co. Armagh, into a family which since at least the mid-fourteenth century had been hereditary keepers of the Book of Armagh and had as a consequence enjoyed a large landholding under the archbishop. In 1609 this amounted to eight townlands in the barony of ...

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Sir John Cecil Masterman (1891–1977) by Walter Stoneman, 1950 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Masterman, Sir John Cecil (1891–1977), college head and intelligence officer, was born on 12 January 1891 at Crescent Lodge, Kingston upon Thames, the younger of the two children, both sons, of Commander (later Captain) John Masterman RN (1847–1916) and his wife, Edith Margaret Hughes (1860–1946)...

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Murray [née Clarke], Joan Elisabeth Lowther (1917–1996), cryptanalyst and numismatist, was born at 45 Idmiston Road, West Norwood, London, on 24 June 1917, the youngest child (there were three sons, and another daughter) of William Kemp Lowther Clarke, a Church of England...

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Daphne Margaret Sybil Désirée Park, Baroness Park of Monmouth (1921–2010) by unknown photographer Somerville College, University of Oxford (2014)

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Park, Daphne Margaret Sybil Désirée, Baroness Park of Monmouth (1921–2010), intelligence officer and college head, was born on 1 September 1921 at Mayfield, Vale Road, Claygate, Surrey, the first child of John Alexander Park (1876–1952) and his wife, Doreen Gynneth, née Cresswell-George (1899–1982)...

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Udall [Uvedale], William [pseud. William Stranguage] (fl. c. 1595–1636), historian and informer, was born into the influential Udall (or Uvedale) family, active in and around the echelons of power. According to his own recollections, he had a very good education and a Catholic upbringing in ...

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Williams, Sir Edgar Trevor [Bill] (1912–1995), intelligence officer and historian, was born on 20 November 1912 at 30 Maidstone Road, Chatham, Kent, the second of three children and elder son of the Revd (Joseph) Edgar Williams (1877–1938), minister of Ebenezer Congregational Church, and his wife, ...

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Zaehner, Robert Charles (1913–1974), orientalist and intelligence officer, was born on 8 April 1913 at Oak Hill Lodge, Sevenoaks, Kent, the son of Edward Zaehner, lace merchant, and his wife, Maria Louisa (née Zaehner). His parents were both Swiss. He was educated at ...