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Aikin, John (1713–1780), tutor and theological scholar, was born on 28 December 1713 in London. His father, John Aikin (1664–1756), a linen draper from Kirkcudbright, Scotland, had settled there some time previously; his mother, Anne Bentall, is described as the daughter of a ...

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Angell, John (d. 1655), preacher and schoolmaster, was probably born in Gloucestershire. According to Anthony Wood, he was admitted to Magdalen Hall, Oxford, about the early months of 1610. Having subscribed to the Thirty-Nine Articles in April 1613 he graduated BA on 9 February 1614 and proceeded MA on 5 July 1616. At an unknown date, again according to ...

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Argentine [formerly Sexton], Richard (1510/11–1568), schoolmaster and Church of England clergyman, entered Winchester College, as Richard Sexton, of Milton, Dorset, in 1524, aged thirteen. A fellow of New College for ten years from 1528, he proceeded BA in 1532 and MA in 1536. At ...

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Bancroft, Thomas (1756–1811), Church of England clergyman and schoolmaster, was born in Deansgate, Manchester, son of Thomas Bancroft, a thread maker. He was educated at Manchester grammar school from the age of six and at Brasenose College, Oxford, whence he matriculated on 8 April 1778, aged twenty-two. He graduated BA in 1781 and was awarded his MA in 1784. After leaving ...

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Barrett, Stephen (bap. 1719, d. 1801), schoolmaster and Church of England clergyman, was born at Bent, in the parish of Kildwick in Craven, Yorkshire, and was baptized there on 14 May 1719, the son of Peter Barrett of Sutton, Yorkshire, and his wife, ...

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Biddle, John (1615/16–1662), schoolmaster and religious controversialist, was baptized on 14 January 1616 at Wotton under Edge, Gloucestershire, the first of two sons of Edward Biddle (d. 1625), tailor, and his wife, Jane Hopkins.

Biddle's scholarly prowess was recognized from an early age, and his education at the free grammar school of ...

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Bidlake, John (1755–1814), schoolmaster and Church of England clergyman, was born in Plymouth, the son of Richard Bidlake, a jeweller of that city who came from a family with Totnes connections. His home life appears to have been a source of happiness to him, judging by some of the references in his semi-autobiographical ...

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Bigg, Charles (1840–1908), schoolmaster and ecclesiastical historian, was born on 12 September 1840 at Higher Broughton, near Manchester, the second son of Thomas Bigg, a Manchester merchant, and Sarah Elden. Educated at Manchester grammar school, his election to an open scholarship at Corpus Christi College, Oxford...

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Birch, Samuel (1620/21–1680), ejected minister and schoolmaster, was baptized in Manchester on 18 February 1621, a younger son of Samuel Birch (d. in or after 1648) of Ardwick Manor, Manchester, and Mary (d. 1659/60), daughter of Ralph Smith of Doblane House, Lancashire...

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Bonwicke, Ambrose (1652–1722), nonjuring Church of England clergyman and schoolmaster, son of the Revd John Bonwicke BD (1622–1698), later rector of East Horsley and of Mickleham in Surrey, was born on 29 April 1652 at East Horsley. On 11 September 1663 he entered ...

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Booth, Bartholomew (bap. 1732, d. 1785), Church of England clergyman and schoolmaster, was born at Mellor, Derbyshire, where he was baptized in the village chapel on 7 October 1732, the son of Bartholomew Booth (d. 1750), the village schoolmaster. His family appears to have belonged to a cadet branch of the ...

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Boucher, Jonathan (1738–1804), schoolmaster and Church of England clergyman, was born on 12 March 1738 in Cumberland to James Boucher, schoolmaster and manager of an alehouse, and Anne Barnes, both descendants of Norman aristocracy whose family had fallen on hard times. Although a poor businessman, ...

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Jonathan Boucher (1738–1804) by Daniel Gardner, c. 1785 Yale University Art Gallery. Photograph: The Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art

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George Granville Bradley (1821–1903) by John Jabez Edwin Mayall, pubd 1883 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bradley, George Granville (1821–1903), dean of Westminster and schoolmaster, born at High Wycombe on 11 December 1821, was the fourth son of Charles Bradley (1789–1871) and his first wife, Catherine Shepherd (d. 1831). The literary scholar A. C. Bradley and the philosopher ...

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Bretland, Joseph (1742–1819), Presbyterian minister and schoolmaster, was born on 22 May 1742 at Exeter, the youngest son of Joseph Bretland (bap. 1706, d. 1791), a tradesman in that city and a dissenter, and his wife, whose maiden name was Mills and forename probably ...

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Brinknell, Thomas (c. 1470–1539), schoolmaster and theologian, originated in the diocese of Coventry and Lichfield, and studied the arts course at Lincoln College, Oxford, during the 1490s, gaining an MA degree by 1495. On leaving Oxford he began a lifelong vocation as a grammar-school master. His first post was at ...

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Burghall, Edward (bap. 1600, d. 1665), clergyman and ejected minister, and schoolmaster, was baptized on 9 December 1600 at Beeston township in the parish of Bunbury, Cheshire, one of seven known children of Hugh Burghall (d. 1632) of Beeston, in Bunbury, a yeoman of an established local family, and his wife, ...

Article

Alexander Gordon

revised by G. M. Ditchfield

Carpenter, Lant (1780–1840), Unitarian minister and schoolmaster, was born at Kidderminster on 2 September 1780, the third son of George Carpenter (1748/9–1839), carpet manufacturer, and his wife, Mary Hooke (1751/2–1835); Lant was the maiden name of George Carpenter's mother.

George Carpenter's business failed and he left ...

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A. C. Bickley

revised by Caroline L. Leachman

Claridge, Richard (1649–1723), Quaker minister and schoolmaster, was born in December 1649 at Farmborough, Warwickshire, the son of William and Isabel Claridge of Farmborough, 'both sober and religious persons, of good reputation, and well to pass, as to outward circumstances' (Life and Posthumous Works...