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Abbott, Edwin (1808–1882), headmaster, was born in London on 12 May 1808, the son of Edward Abbott, an oilman and Italian warehouseman, of St Martin's Lane, London, and his wife, Charlotte. After his family fell on hard times Abbott entered the Philological Society...

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L. R. Farnell

revised by Rosemary Jann

Abbott, Edwin Abbott (1838–1926), headmaster and writer, was born at 38 Gloucester Place, Marylebone, Middlesex, on 20 December 1838, the eldest son of Edwin Abbott (1808–1882), headmaster of the Philological School, Marylebone, and his wife, Jane Abbott (1806–1882), a first cousin. Educated at the ...

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Adam, Alexander (1741–1809), schoolmaster and classical scholar, was born on 24 June 1741 at Coats of Burgie, a small farm in the parish of Rafford, Moray, the youngest child of the large family of John Adam (d. 1758), tenant farmer, and Christian Watson...

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Alexander Adam (1741–1809) by Sir Henry Raeburn, c. 1805 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Adams, Clement (c. 1519–1587), schoolmaster and map engraver, was born at Buckington, Warwickshire. He was educated at Eton between 1530 and 1536, and subsequently at the King's Hall, Cambridge. From 17 August 1536 he was tutored in classics, mathematics, and geometry at Cambridge...

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Adams, John (1750?–1814), schoolmaster and educational writer, was born in Aberdeen. He was educated at Aberdeen University and may have been the John Adams who graduated MA from King's College in 1768. After obtaining a preaching licence he travelled to London, where he was appointed minister of the Scottish church in ...

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Aikin, John (1713–1780), tutor and theological scholar, was born on 28 December 1713 in London. His father, John Aikin (1664–1756), a linen draper from Kirkcudbright, Scotland, had settled there some time previously; his mother, Anne Bentall, is described as the daughter of a ...

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Ainsworth, Robert (1660–1743), lexicographer and schoolmaster, was born in September 1660, probably at Wordsall, which, in the seventeenth century, was a collection of gentlemen's houses, in the parish of Eccles, about 4 miles from Manchester, the location cited by Dr Samuel Patrick in his preface to the second edition of ...

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Aitken, Edith (1861–1940), headmistress, was born at Bishophill, Bishophill Junior, York, on 16 June 1861, the third child of Henry Martin Aitken, surgical instrument manufacturer, and his wife, Elizabeth Atkinson. She and her elder siblings were baptized at St Mary Minor, Bishophill, on 8 July 1861. Their father had advanced views on the education of girls, and the eldest daughter, ...

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Alger, Mary Jemima (1838–1894), headmistress, was born on 4 February 1838 at Diss, in Norfolk, daughter of John Alger, corn merchant, and his wife, Jemima, née Goldworth, of yeoman stock. Mary had sisters and an only brother, John Goldworth Alger, who became a journalist. ...

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Alington, Cyril Argentine (1872–1955), headmaster and dean of Durham, was born in Ipswich, Suffolk, on 22 October 1872, the second son of the Revd Henry Giles Alington (1837–1928), an inspector of schools, and his wife, Jane Margaret Booth (d. 1910). In 1886 he went with classical scholarships to ...

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Almond, Hely Hutchinson (1832–1903), headmaster, born in Glasgow on 12 August 1832, was the second son of George Almond, incumbent of St Mary's Episcopal Chapel, Glasgow, and his second wife, Christiana Georgina, eldest daughter of Thomas Smith, barrister, of London. His paternal great-grandfather was headmaster of ...

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Hely Hutchinson Almond (1832–1903) by Elliott & Fry, 1895 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Altham, Harry Surtees (1888–1965), schoolmaster and cricket historian, was born at 8 The Terrace, York Town, Frimley, Surrey, on 30 November 1888, the younger son of Sir Edward Altham Altham (1856–1943), army officer, and his wife, Georgina Emily (1855–1945), daughter of W. Macpherson Nicol...

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Angell, John (d. 1655), preacher and schoolmaster, was probably born in Gloucestershire. According to Anthony Wood, he was admitted to Magdalen Hall, Oxford, about the early months of 1610. Having subscribed to the Thirty-Nine Articles in April 1613 he graduated BA on 9 February 1614 and proceeded MA on 5 July 1616. At an unknown date, again according to ...

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Anwykyll, John (d. 1487), schoolmaster and grammarian, owned a surname, spelt in several ways, which is probably a variant of the place name Aldwincle in Northamptonshire. Anwykyll is first recorded as a student of grammar at Cambridge University in 1473–4, where he gained permission to graduate as a master of grammar in 1474–5. He next appears at Michaelmas 1483 as master of ...

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Argentine [formerly Sexton], Richard (1510/11–1568), schoolmaster and Church of England clergyman, entered Winchester College, as Richard Sexton, of Milton, Dorset, in 1524, aged thirteen. A fellow of New College for ten years from 1528, he proceeded BA in 1532 and MA in 1536. At ...

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Thomas Arnold (1823–1900) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Thomas Arnold (1795–1842) by Thomas Phillips, 1839 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Arnold, Thomas (1795–1842), headmaster and historian, was born on 13 June 1795 at West Cowes, Isle of Wight, the seventh of the seven children of William Arnold (1745–1801), collector of customs and postmaster for the Isle of Wight, and his wife, Martha (1751–1829)...