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Ashurst, Elizabeth Ann [Eliza] (c. 1814–1850), translator and campaigner for women's rights and against slavery, was born in Muswell Hill, Middlesex, the eldest child of William Henry Ashurst (bap. 1791?, d. 1855), of Muswell Hill, and his wife, Elizabeth Ann, née Brown (...

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Bussy [née Strachey], Dorothea [Dorothy] [pseud. Olivia] (1865–1960), translator and author, was born on 24 July 1865 at Willenhall, near Barnet, London, the third of the ten children (three others died in infancy) of Lieutenant-General Sir Richard Strachey (1817–1908), scientist and administrator in ...

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Cayley, Charles Bagot (1823–1883), translator, was born on 9 July 1823 near St Petersburg in Russia, son of Henry Cayley (1768–1850), a merchant, and his wife, Maria Antonia Doughty (1794–1875). He was the younger brother of Arthur Cayley (1821–1895), mathematician. From Mr Pollecary's school, Blackheath...

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D. N. Smith

revised by Rebecca Mills

Elton, Oliver (1861–1945), literary scholar and translator, was born on 3 June 1861 at Gresham grammar school, Holt, Norfolk, the only child of the Revd Charles Allen Elton (1820–1887), headmaster of the school, and his wife, Sarah Amelia (b. 1833), daughter of ...

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Oliver Elton (1861–1945) by Augustus John University of Liverpool Art Gallery and Collections

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Faris, Ahmad [Aḣmad Fāris; formerly Faris ibn Yusuf al-Shidyaq] (1805/6–1887), author and translator, was born in al-Hadath, Lebanon, the youngest of five sons of Abu Husayn Yusuf ibn Mansur al-Shidyaq (1762–1821), secretary and tutor of Lebanese chieftains, and his wife, the daughter of ...

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Garnett [née Black], Constance Clara (1861–1946), translator, was born at 58 Ship Street, Brighton, Sussex, on 19 December 1861, sixth of the eight children of the solicitor David Black (1817–1892), afterwards town clerk and coroner, and his wife, Clara Maria (1825–1875), daughter of the portrait painter ...

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Constance Clara Garnett (1861–1946) by unknown photographer, 1903 [The Garnetts: and David Garnett (1892-1981)] private collection; photograph © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Howitt [née Botham], Mary (1799–1888), writer and translator, was born on 12 March 1799 at Coleford, Gloucestershire, the second child of Samuel Botham (1758–1823), a land surveyor, and Anne Wood (1764–1848). She and her elder sister, Anna, were brought up in Uttoxeter, Staffordshire...

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James Harold Kirkup (1918–2009) by Maurice de Sausmarez, 1951 © by kind permission of Jane de Sausmarez; image courtesy University of Leeds Art Collection

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Kirkup, James Harold (1918–2009), poet and translator, was born at 19 Robertson Street, South Shields, co. Durham, on 23 April 1918, the son of James Harold Kirkup (1886–1958), a carpenter then serving as a company sergeant-major in the Royal Marines, and his wife ...

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Wilhelmina Johnston Muir [Agnes Neill Scott] (1890–1970) by Nigel McIsaac, 1944 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Muir [née Anderson], Wilhelmina Johnston [Willa] [pseud. Agnes Neill Scott] (1890–1970), novelist and translator, was born on 13 March 1890 at 14 Chapel Place, Montrose, Forfarshire (Angus), the oldest of three surviving children of Peter Anderson (1864/5–1899), draper, and Elizabeth (Betty) Gray, ...

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Oxenford, John (1812–1877), playwright and translator, was born on 12 August 1812 at Camberwell, Surrey, the son of William Oxenford (1783–1867), merchant, and his wife, sister of Thomas Massa Alsager. Acquiring most of his compendious knowledge as an autodidact, he was also privately educated for some two years under the tutorship of ...

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Emile Victor Rieu (1887–1972) by Walter Bird, 1957 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Rieu, Emile Victor (1887–1972), literary scholar and translator, was born in London on 10 February 1887, the fifth son and seventh and youngest child of Charles Pierre Henri Rieu (1820–1902), of Geneva, keeper of oriental manuscripts at the British Museum, and later professor of Arabic at ...

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F. T. Marzials

revised by Susanne Stark

Rowan, Frederica Maclean (1814–1882), author and translator, was born on 22 April 1814 in the West Indies (perhaps on St Croix), the second of the two daughters of Frederick Rowan (d. 1814), brevet major in the 4th West India regiment, and his wife, ...

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Slater, Lydia Elisabeth Leonidovna Pasternak (1902–1989), biochemist, poet, and translator, was born on 21 March 1902 in Moscow, the last of four children of Leonid Osipovich Pasternak (1862–1945), painter, and his wife, Rosalia Isidorovna Kaufmann (1867–1939), concert pianist. Despite the artistic milieu surrounding her childhood—...

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Taylor, Thomas (1758–1835), philosopher and translator, was born on 15 May 1758 near Bunhill Fields, London, the son of Joseph Taylor, staymaker, of Round Court, St Martin's-le-Grand; details of his mother are unknown. He was sickly as a child and spent some years in ...

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Voynich [née Boole], Ethel Lilian [Lily] [E. L. V.] (1864–1960), novelist, translator, and musician, was born on 11 May 1864 at Lichfield Cottage, Blackrock, Ballintemple, near Cork, the youngest daughter of the mathematician and logician George Boole (1815–1864) and his wife, Mary Boole, ...