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Anslay, Brian (d. 1536), administrator and translator, about whose parentage and origins little is known, participated, as yeoman of the wine cellar, in Henry VII's funeral procession and in Henry VIII's coronation ceremonies in 1509. In 1521 his translation of Christine de Pisan's...

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Ashley, Sir Anthony, baronet (1551/2–1628), politician and translator of The Mariners Mirrour, was the eldest son of Sir Anthony Ashley of Damerham in Hampshire, a cadet of the long-established Ashleys of Wimborne St Giles (Dorset), and Dorothy, daughter of John Lyte of Lytes Cary (Somerset)...

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Aylesbury, William (bap. 1612, d. 1656), translator and government official, was baptized at St Margaret, Lothbury, London, on 13 July 1612, the eldest son of Sir Thomas Aylesbury, baronet (1579/80–1658), and his wife, Anne Darell, née Denman (1589–1661). On 18 July 1628 he matriculated from ...

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Barker, William (fl. 1540–1576), translator and member of parliament, was humbly born but through the patronage of Anne Boleyn was educated at St John's College, Cambridge, graduating MA in 1540. A Roman Catholic, Barker left for Italy, probably in 1549, and travelled widely throughout the peninsula collecting Latin epitaphs (his ...

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See Biggs, Matilda Ashurst

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John Bourchier, second Baron Berners (c. 1467–1533) attrib. Ambrosius Benson, c. 1521–6 Galerie Jan der Maere

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Bourchier, John, second Baron Berners (c. 1467–1533), soldier, diplomat, and translator, was the son of Sir Humphrey Bourchier (d. 1471) and Elizabeth (d. 1497), daughter and sole heir of Frederick Tilney of Boston, Lincolnshire. His father, a Yorkist, was killed at the battle of ...

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Evelyn, John (1655–1699), translator and government official, was born on 14 January 1655, at Sayes Court, Deptford, Kent, the third but eldest surviving son of the diarist, John Evelyn (1620–1706) and his wife, Mary Evelyn (c. 1635–1709), daughter of Sir Richard Browne, of ...

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Sir Richard Fanshawe, first baronet (1608–1666) by William Dobson Valence House Museum, the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham

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Fanshawe, Sir Richard, first baronet (1608–1666), diplomat and translator, was born in June 1608 at Ware Park, Hertfordshire, and baptized on 12 June, the youngest son of Sir Henry Fanshawe (1569–1616), exchequer official, and his wife, Elizabeth Smythe (1577?–1631). The household into which he was born was on a scale appropriate to a senior royal servant who could trace gentry status back to the medieval ...

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Fenton, Sir Geoffrey (c. 1539–1608), translator and administrator in Ireland, was one of seven children (six sons, one daughter) of Henry Fenton from Stretton-le-Steeple in Nottinghamshire and Cicely, daughter of John Beaumont of Coleorton, Leicestershire. Little is known of Fenton's early life, but, as he acknowledges in his first published work, he travelled extensively, possibly to ...

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Folger, Peter (1617–1690), interpreter and public official in America, was born in Norwich, the son of John Folger and Meriba Gibbs. Little is known of Folger until 1635, when he and his widower father moved to Massachusetts. During the voyage Folger met Mary Morrill...

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Gilbert, (Arthur) Stuart Ahluwalia Stronge (1883–1969), Indian civil servant, translator, and literary scholar, was born on 25 October 1883 in Kelvedon Hatch, near Brentwood, Essex, the only child of Major Arthur Stronge Gilbert, retired army officer, and his wife, Melvina, née Rundiher Singh Ahluwalia...

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Gilpin, George (d. 1602), diplomat and translator, was the second son of Edwin Gilpin of Kentmere, Westmorland, and Margaret Layton of Dalemain, Cumberland, and the elder brother of Bernard Gilpin (1516–1584). He apparently studied civil law at Malines (Mechelen) in the early 1550s, and converted to protestantism not long thereafter. He is noted as a merchant in the ...

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Hall, Arthur (1539–1605), translator and politician, was the only son of Francis Hall, of Grantham, Lincolnshire, deputy surveyor and comptroller of Calais (where Arthur was probably born), and Ursula, daughter of Thomas Sharington. When Francis died he owned lands in and around Calais...

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Honywood, Sir Robert (1601–1686), diplomat and translator, was born on 3 August 1601 at Hollingbourne, Kent, the second of twenty children, and eldest surviving son, of Sir Robert Honywood of Petts Court, Charing, Kent, and Alice Barnham, daughter of Sir Martin Barnham of ...

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Hughes, William Little (1822–1887), translator and civil servant, was born in Dublin, the son of William Hughes and his wife, Margaret, née Acheson. As a young man he settled in Paris, becoming a clerk in the foreign press department of the ministry of the interior...

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Macfarlane, Helen [pseudonym Howard Morton; first married name Proust; second married name Edwards] (1818–1860), political writer and translator, was born in Barrhead, Renfrewshire, on 25 September 1818, the fourth daughter and youngest of eleven children of George Macfarlane (1760–1842) and his wife ...

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Mayne, Richard John (1926–2009), international civil servant, author, and translator, was born on 2 April 1926 at 92 Aldermans Hill, Palmers Green, Middlesex, the only child of John William Mayne (1883–1975), an accountant (and later office manager) for a tobacco manufacturer, and his wife, ...

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Morrison, John Robert (1814–1843), interpreter and colonial official, was born on 17 April 1814 in Macau, the third of eight children of the Revd Dr Robert Morrison (1782–1834), missionary and Sinologue, of Morpeth and Newcastle, and the third child of his first wife, ...