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Billingsley, Sir Henry (d. 1606), merchant and translator, was the third son of William Billingsley (d. 1553), haberdasher, and his wife, Elizabeth Hardy (or Harlow). The Roger Billingsley named by Wood as his father was in fact his grandfather. He matriculated pensioner at ...

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Blount [Blunt], Edward (bap. 1562, d. in or before 1632), bookseller and translator, was baptized on 31 January 1562 in the parish of St Laurence Pountney, London, probably the sixth of eight known children of Ralph (Rafe) Blount (Blunt or Blonte; d. 1571)...

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Collyer, Joseph, the elder (1714/15–1776), translator and bookseller, was probably the son of Joseph Collyer (d. 1724), a bookseller and treasurer of the Stationers' Company. He married Mary Mitchell [see Collyer, Mary (1716/-1762)], who was also a translator and novelist; their son, ...

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Duffield, Alexander James (1821/2–1890), translator and mining engineer, was born at Tettenhall, near Wolverhampton, Staffordshire. He was intended for the clerical profession, and studied at Trinity College, Dublin, but did not take orders. Instead, after marriage, he emigrated to South America. He worked for some years in ...

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Fleete, Henry (c. 1602–1660/61), merchant and interpreter in America, was born at his family's estate of Chartham Court, Kent, the sixth child and fourth son of William Fleete (b. c.1571), lawyer and gentleman, and his wife, Deborah (d. 1651), daughter of ...

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Frampton, John (fl. 1559–1581), merchant and translator, was a member of a company of Bristol-based merchants trading in Andalusia who was arrested in 1559 by the Spanish Inquisition, and had his property confiscated. He was released from captivity in 1562, but he was not forgotten and in 1571 ...

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Godwin [formerly Clairmont; née de Vial], Mary Jane (1768–1841), translator and bookseller, was probably the daughter of Peter de Vial, a merchant of Exeter, who apparently died bankrupt in 1791, and his first wife, Mary, née Tremlett (1740–1774). Her parents also had at least two other daughters and one son. Very little is known about her life until 1801, at which time, under the name ...

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Gough, John (d. 1543/4), bookseller and translator, first appears in 1523 as a bookseller in the parish of St Bride's, Fleet Street, London. He was associated with the printer Wynkyn de Worde, and was both an overseer and a significant beneficiary of de Worde's...

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Hester, John (d. 1592), distiller and translator, lived for several years in London but nothing is known of his parentage or place of birth. One Hester family, location unknown, bore arms (argent on a bend sable three swans of the field); another shield of arms (a chevron between three horses' heads erased, a crescent for difference) is appended to ...

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Jacobi, Johann Christian (1670?–1750), bookseller and translator, was born in Germany. He studied at the University of Halle, probably in the 1690s, where he became closely associated with August Hermann Francke, the leading figure of the pietist reform movement within contemporary German Lutheranism, and his circle. Although his motivation in coming to ...

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Martin [née Eccleston], Dorcas, Lady Martin (1536/7–1599), translator and bookseller, was probably the daughter of John Eccleston, grocer, of Cheapside and Tottenham, who may have moved to London from Lancashire (on her monument, Dorcas is described as the daughter of John Eccleston...

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Pallis, Alexander (1850–1935), cotton merchant and translator, was born Alexandros Alexandrou Palles on 15 March 1850 at Piraeus, Greece, the youngest child in the family of three sons and one daughter of Alexandros Anastasiou Pales, later Palles (1808/9–1849/50), magistrate, descended from Epirot landowners, and his wife, ...

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Rose, Giles (fl. 1664–1681), master cook and translator, is known only from his printed works, which give no information about his family. In 1679 Richard Bentley and M. Magnes published his translation of Boaistuau's Théâtre du monde. Rose described this as 'an Ancient Book, which it was my Fortune to meet with in my Travels' (...

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Alexander Gordon

revised by Andrew M. Hill

Scarlett, Nathaniel (1753–1802), bookseller and translator, was born on 28 September 1753, the son of Bartholomew Scarlett and his wife, Elizabeth. He was educated at Kingswood School, Wiltshire, and from 1767 at Merchant Taylors' School, London. Originally apprenticed as a shipwright, he was afterwards an accountant and projected the ...

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See Uvedale, Robert