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Barrett, David (1914–1998), Finnish and Georgian scholar and translator, was born on 9 May 1914 at 13 Fleetwood Road, Dollis Hill, London, the son of Frank Piggott Barrett, a stationer's commercial traveller and later a coal merchant's clerk, and his wife, Lilian, née...

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Bredsdorff, Elias Lunn (1912–2002), Danish scholar, was born on 15 January 1912 at Roskilde folk high school, Denmark, the youngest of six sons of Thomas Vilhelm Birkedal Bredsdorff (1868–1922) and his wife, Margrethe, née Lunn (1871–1958). His father was the headmaster of the school, a further education college run on liberal Christian principles, and his mother a teacher. Originally taught at home, from the age of twelve he attended ...

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Elias Lunn Bredsdorff (1912–2002) by Bertyl Gaye, c. 1962–1963 The Master and Fellows of Peterhouse, Cambridge

Article

Thomas Seccombe

revised by John D. Haigh

Dasent, Sir George Webbe (1817–1896), Scandinavian scholar, was born on 22 May 1817 at St Vincent, in the West Indies. He was the third son of John Roche Dasent (1773–1832), attorney-general of St Vincent, and his second wife (who was the younger sister of his deceased first wife), ...

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Dronke [née Brown], Ursula Miriam (1920–2012), scholar of Old Norse–Icelandic literature, was born on 3 November 1920 at 11 Shakespeare Terrace, Sunderland, the only daughter of Vernon Brown (1892–1960), a lecturer at a training college for elementary school teachers, and his wife, ...

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Foote, Peter Godfrey (1924–2009), Old Icelandic scholar, was born on 26 May 1924 in Princess Road, Swanage, Dorset, the fourth of five sons of Tom Foote (1886–1944), railway porter, later butcher, and his wife, Ellen, née Weeks (1887–1965). He attended the grammar school in ...

Article

Margaret Clunies Ross and Amanda J. Collins

Johnstone, James (d. 1798), Icelandic scholar, is of obscure origins and his date and place of birth have not been firmly established. His own letters and those of others indicate that he was a Scot; he titled himself master of arts in his published works, but he has not been definitively identified with any of the men of that name who are recorded as having studied at the Scottish universities or at ...

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Jones, Gwyn (1907–1999), writer and viking scholar, was born on 24 May 1907 in Queens Road, New Tredegar, Monmouthshire, the second child of George Henry Jones (1874–1970), miner, and his second wife, Lily Florence, née Nethercott (1877–1960), a midwife, and brought up at ...

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Eiríkur Magnússon (1833–1913) by Hay, 1867 National Museum of Iceland

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Magnússon, Eiríkur (1833–1913), librarian and Icelandic scholar, was born in the parsonage of Berufjörður in east Iceland on 1 February 1833, the second son and third child of the Revd Magnús Bergsson (1799–1892), then curate of Berufjörður, and his wife, Vilborg Eiríksdóttir (1804–1862)...

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Magnus Magnusson (1929–2007) by unknown photographer, 1987 © BBC

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Magnusson, Magnus (1929–2007), Icelandic scholar, broadcaster, and environmentalist, was born on 12 October 1929 in Reykjavik, Iceland, the son of Sigursteinn Magnússon (1899–1982), European export manager of the Icelandic Co-operative, and later Icelandic consul-general for Scotland, and his wife, Ingibjörg Sigurðardóttir (1905–1983). The second youngest of four children, he had a brother, ...

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Metcalfe, Frederick (1815–1885), Church of England clergyman and Scandinavian scholar, was born in Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, the fifth son of Morehouse or Moorhouse Metcalfe, a merchant. After attending Shrewsbury School, he was elected scholar of St John's College, Cambridge, in 1834 from which he graduated BA in 1838 as junior optime with a second class in classics. He taught at the ...

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Newall [née Phillpotts], Dame Bertha Surtees (1877–1932), educationist and Scandinavian scholar, was born in Bedford on 25 October 1877, the second of three daughters of James Surtees Phillpotts (1839–1930), headmaster of Bedford grammar school, and his wife, Marian Hadfield Cordery (1843–1925). She was the fifth of six children to survive childhood. She apparently had little formal education, but with the extramural aid of the masters of her father's school she managed to win the gold medal of the ...

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Dame Bertha Surtees Newall (1877–1932) by J. Palmer-Clarke © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Petre, (Edward Oswald) Gabriel Turville- (1908–1978), Icelandic scholar, was born on 25 March 1908 at Bosworth Hall, Husbands Bosworth, Leicestershire, younger son of Lieutenant-Colonel Oswald Henry Philip Turville-Petre (1862–1941), high sheriff of Leicestershire, and his wife, Margaret Lucy, née Cave (d. 1954)...

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(Edward Oswald) Gabriel Turville- Petre (1908–1978) by Merlin Turville-Petre photograph reproduced by courtesy of The British Academy

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Slay, Desmond (1927–2004), Old Icelandic scholar, was born on 30 December 1927 at the Victoria Nursing Home, Thame, Oxfordshire, the son of Wilfred Charles Slay (1907–1987), outfitter's assistant, and his wife, Doris Elizabeth, née Walker (1904–1979). At the time of his birth registration his parents lived at ...

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Stephens, George (1813–1895), philologist and runologist, son of John Stephens (1772–1841) of Ongar, a Methodist minister, and his wife, Rebecca Eliza Rayner (d. 1852), was born at Liverpool on 13 December 1813. His brother was Joseph Rayner Stephens (1805–1879). George was educated at private schools and at ...

Article

F. Y. Powell

revised by Carolyne Larrington

Vigfússon, Gúðbrandur (1827–1889), scholar of Icelandic literature, was born on 13 March 1827 in Galtadalur, Dalasýsla, western Iceland. He was the son of Vigfús Gíslason, of an old and respected Icelandic family, and Halldóra Gísladóttir. He was brought up by his foster-mother and great-aunt ...