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Bell, Sir Charles Alfred (1870–1945), administrator in India and Tibetologist, was born in Fort William, Calcutta, on 31 October 1870, the third son of Henry Bell, of the Indian Civil Service, and his wife, Anne, daughter of George Dumbell, of Douglas, Isle of Man...

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Crawfurd, John (1783–1868), orientalist and colonial administrator, was born on 13 August 1783 on the island of Islay, Inner Hebrides, the son of Samuel Crawfurd, a medical doctor from Ayrshire, and his wife, Margaret, née Campbell, whose family owned a small estate on the island. At the village school in ...

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Cust, Robert Needham (1821–1909), East India Company servant and orientalist, was born at Cockayne Hatley, Bedfordshire, on 24 February 1821, the second son of Henry Cockayne Cust (1780–1861), canon of Windsor, and his wife, Lady Anna Maria Elizabeth (d. 1866), eldest daughter of ...

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Davis, Samuel (1760–1819), East India Company servant and orientalist, was born in the West Indies, the younger son of John Davis, who held the post there of commissary-general, and his Welsh wife (née Phillips). He went to England with his mother and two sisters after the death of his father. Despite the evident poverty of the family, ...

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Stanley Lane-Poole

revised by Parvin Loloi

Eastwick, Edward Backhouse (1814–1883), orientalist and diplomatist, was born on 13 March 1814 at Warfield, Berkshire, one of three sons of Captain Robert William Eastwick of Brompton, Middlesex, and his wife, Lucy, daughter of John King. His family had a long history of service with the ...

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Fraser, James (1712/13–1754), East India Company servant and collector of oriental manuscripts, was the second son of Alexander Fraser (d. 1733) of Reelig, near Inverness, and his wife, Catherine, daughter of Hugh Fraser of Belladrum. Fraser was appointed a writer to the ...

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Jarvis, Claude Scudamore (1879–1953), colonial governor, born at Forest Gate, London, on 20 July 1879, was the son of John Bradford Jarvis, an insurance clerk, and his wife, Mary Harvey. He does not seem to have been educated with any profession in mind, and at the age of seventeen he joined the merchant navy as an apprentice, sailing from ...

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Claude Scudamore Jarvis (1879–1953) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London / Country Life Picture Library

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Lyall, Sir Charles James (1845–1920), administrator in India and orientalist, was born in London on 9 March 1845, the eldest son of Charles Lyall, banker, of Stoke Green, near Slough, and his wife, Harriet, daughter of John Matheson of Attadale, Ross-shire. He was educated in ...

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Stanley, Henry Edward John, third Baron Stanley of Alderley and second Baron Eddisbury (1827–1903), diplomatist and orientalist, born at Alderley Park, Chelford, near Crewe, on 11 July 1827, was the eldest of the ten children of Edward John Stanley, second Baron Stanley of Alderley...