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Abendana, Isaac (d. 1699), Hebraist and book collector, was born in Spain and was taken at an early age to Hamburg, Germany. By 1660 he had completed rabbinical studies and by his own account sought the 'wisdom of medicine' (Katz, The Abendana brothers, 36...

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Abramsky, Yehezkel (1886–1976), rabbinic scholar and Orthodox Jewish leader, was born on or about 7 February 1886 in Dashkovtsy, near Most and Grodno, Lithuania, the third child and eldest son of Mordecai Zalman Abramsky, a local timber merchant, and his wife, Freydel Goldin...

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Aguilar, Grace (1816–1847), writer on Jewish history and religion and novelist, was born on 2 June 1816 in Hackney, Middlesex, the eldest of the three children of Emanuel Aguilar (1787–1845), merchant, and his wife, Sarah (d. 1854), daughter of Jacob Dias Fernandez...

Article

James Mew

revised by Philip Carter

Barker, Samuel (1686–1759), Hebraist, is of unknown parentage and upbringing; he was a relation of William Higgs Barker (1743/4–1816), the Hebraist and schoolmaster. He owned property near Lyndon, in Rutland. He married Sarah, only daughter of the natural philosopher and theologian William Whiston...

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Barker, William Higgs (1743/4–1816), Hebraist and headmaster, was the son of George Barker, tailor, of Great Russell Street, London, and a relation of the Hebraist Samuel Barker (1686–1759). He was admitted on the foundation of St Paul's School on 10 May 1756, aged twelve. He became Pauline exhibitioner at ...

Article

Thompson Cooper

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Belfour, John (1768–1842), Hebrew and Coptic scholar and poet, was a member of the Royal Society of Literature and died from 'decay of nature' at 65 Westmorland Place, Hoxton New Town, London, on 8 June 1842, aged seventy-four; he was buried later in June. Little is known of him. His works included various poems and biblical translations, notably the ...

Article

Sidney Lee

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Benisch, Abraham (1811–1878), Hebraist and newspaper editor, was born to Jewish parents at Drossau, a small town 8 miles south-west of Klattau in Bohemia. About 1836 he studied surgery at Prague University where, with other Jewish students, he formed an organization for re-establishing Jewish independence in ...

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Benmohel, Nathan Lazarus (1803–1869), Hebrew and German scholar, was born in Hamburg, Germany, son of Rabbi Elieza Lazi (1741–1841), presiding judge, or dayan, of Posen, and the united congregations of Altona, Hamburg, and Wandsbeck. His mother was the daughter of Rabbi Todros Munk...

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Bennet, George (1750/51–1835), Hebraist and Presbyterian minister; details of his upbringing and parents are unknown. He passed a great portion of his life in the study of Hebrew and he was well acquainted with the learning of the rabbis, who were in his opinion more accustomed, if not better able, than Christian commentators to interpret the Hebrew ...

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Bensly, Robert Lubbock (1831–1893), Hebrew, Syriac, and biblical scholar, born at Eaton, near Norwich, Norfolk, on 24 August 1831, was the second son of Robert Bensly of Eaton, and his wife, Harriet Reeve. Educated in Eaton at a private school (where he began the study of Hebrew), and ...

Article

Thompson Cooper

revised by Gerald Law

Bernard, Herman Hedwig (1785–1857), Hebrew scholar, whose early life is obscure, taught Hebrew at the University of Cambridge from 1830 until 1857. He died on 15 November 1857 in Fitzwilliam Street, Cambridge. Rather than teaching Hebrew simply as a tool of Christian exegesis of the ...

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Bland [née Fisher], Elizabeth (b. c. 1660, d. in or after 1712?), Hebraist, was the daughter and heir of Robert Fisher of Long Acre, Covent Garden, London, and his wife, who may have been named Marthare. She was born about the time of the Restoration and may have been baptized on 26 December 1660 at ...

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Blayney, Benjamin (1727/8–1801), Hebraist and Church of England clergyman, may have been baptized at St Swithin's, Worcester, on 18 February 1727, and may have been the son of Thomas and Betty Blayney. He was educated at Worcester College, Oxford, where he matriculated aged eighteen on 1 July 1746; he graduated BA (1750) and MA (1753). Afterwards he became a fellow, and eventually vice-principal, of ...

Article

Boothroyd, Benjamin (1768–1836), Independent minister and Hebrew scholar, was born at Warley, in the parish of Halifax, Yorkshire, on 10 October 1768, the son of a poor shoemaker there. He was sent to the village school, and left it when six years old, able to read the ...

Article

James Mew

revised by S. J. Skedd

Bouquet, Philip (1670/71–1748), Hebrew scholar, was the son of Thomas Bouquet of La Rochelle, France. He was educated at Westminster School and admitted a pensioner at Trinity College, Cambridge, on 12 June 1689, aged eighteen. Having been elected a scholar in 1690 he graduated BA in 1693 and proceeded MA (1696), BD (1706), and DD (1711). He was elected fellow of his college in 1696 and was ordained priest on 14 March 1703. In 1704 he was temporarily appointed regius professor of Hebrew, in the absence of ...

Article

Broughton, Hugh (1549–1612), divine and Hebraist, was born in Oldbury, Shropshire, the son of Robert Broughton of Broughton, Shropshire. He referred to himself as of Welsh descent but nothing more certain is known. He received his early education from Bernard Gilpin, who prepared him for university and sent him to ...

Image

Hugh Broughton (1549–1612) by John Payne, 1620 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bruarne [Bruerne], Richard (1519–1565), Hebrew scholar, was born on 10 March 1519, according to a note by him in Hebrew and Latin in his copy of Giralmo Cardona's Libelli quinti (1546) in the British Library. He studied at Lincoln College, Oxford, taking his BA on 8 February 1537 and his MA on 2 May 1539. He was appointed a fellow of the college in 1538. In March 1546 he was appointed to the living of ...

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Byng, Andrew (1574–1652), Church of England clergyman and Hebraist, was born at Cambridge, the second son of Thomas Byng (d. 1599), regius professor of law and master of Clare College, Cambridge, and his wife, Catherine Randolph or Rendell (1553–1627). He matriculated from Clare...

Article

Henry Bradley

revised by Philip Carter

Caddick, Richard (bap. 1741, d. 1819), Hebrew scholar, was baptized at the Unitarian New Meeting-House, Moor Street, Birmingham, the son of Job Caddick of Sedgley, Staffordshire, and his wife, Rebecca. He matriculated at St Edmund Hall, Oxford, on 21 October 1772 and graduated BA (5 June 1776) and MA (20 June 1799) at ...