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Bell, Sir (Harold) Idris (1879–1967), papyrologist and scholar of Welsh literature, was born on 2 October 1879 at Epworth, Lincolnshire, the son of Charles Christopher Bell (b. 1845), chemist, and his wife, Rachel Hughes (d. 1880). His father's family had been yeoman farmers in the north midlands and had marked literary leanings, his father not least; but the Welsh inheritance from his mother meant more to ...

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Sir (Harold) Idris Bell (1879–1967) by Walter Stoneman, 1955 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Belzoni, Giovanni Battista (1778–1823), performing artist and Egyptologist, was born on 5 November 1778 in Padua, the son of a barber, Giacomo Belzoni, and his wife, Teresa. He went to Rome aged sixteen to prepare himself for monastic orders; he claimed also to have studied hydraulics. The French invasion of ...

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Giovanni Battista Belzoni (1778–1823) by Maxim Gauci, pubd 1821 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Benson, Margaret (1865–1916), Egyptologist and religious philosopher, was born on 16 June 1865 at Wellington College, Berkshire, the fourth of the six children of Edward White Benson (1829–1896), archbishop of Canterbury (1882–96), and his wife, Mary (1841–1918), daughter of the Revd William Sidgwick...

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Birch, Samuel (1813–1885), Egyptologist, was born on 2 or 3 November 1813 in London, eldest son of the Revd Samuel Birch (1780?–1848), rector of St Mary Woolnoth, later a prebendary of St Paul's Cathedral and vicar of Little Marlow, Buckinghamshire, and his wife, ...

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Bonomi, Joseph (1796–1878), sculptor and Egyptologist, and his twin sister, Mary Anne Bonomi (1796–1872), were born at 76 Great Titchfield Street, London, on 9 October 1796, the eighth and ninth but fourth and fifth surviving children of Joseph (Giuseppe) Bonomi (1739–1808), architect, and ...

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Edwards, Amelia Ann Blanford (1831–1892), author and Egyptologist, was born in Colebrook Row, Islington, London, on 7 June 1831, the only child of Thomas Edwards (1786–1860), a half-pay army officer who later worked for the Provincial Bank of Ireland in London, and Alicia Walpole (...

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Amelia Ann Blanford Edwards (1831–1892) by Herbert Watkins, late 1850s © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Edwards, (Iorwerth) Eiddon Stephen (1909–1996), Egyptologist, was born on 21 July 1909 at 57 Lightfoot Road, Hornsey, London, the second of the two children of Edward Edwards (1870–1944), Persian scholar on the staff of the department of oriental manuscripts at the British Museum...

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Emery, (Walter) Bryan (1903–1971), Egyptologist, was born on 2 July 1903 at Liverpool, the second son of Walter Thomas Emery, principal of the technical college at Liverpool, and his wife, Beatrice Mary Benbow, also of Liverpool. He was educated at St Francis Xavier's College, Liverpool...

Article

Francis Espinasse

revised by Josef L. Altholz

Goodwin, Charles Wycliffe (1817–1878), Egyptologist, was born on 2 April 1817 at 2 Bridge Street, King's Lynn, Norfolk. He was the eldest of four sons of a solicitor, Charles Goodwin (d. 1859), and his wife, Frances Catherine, née Sawyer (d. 1825)...

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Herbert, George Edward Stanhope Molyneux, fifth earl of Carnarvon (1866–1923), sportsman and Egyptologist, was born at Highclere Castle, near Newbury, Berkshire, on 26 June 1866, the only son of Henry Howard Molyneux Herbert, fourth earl of Carnarvon (1831–1890), Conservative politician, and his first wife, ...

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George Edward Stanhope Molyneux Herbert, fifth earl of Carnarvon (1866–1923) by unknown photographer Griffith Institute, Oxford

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H. I. Bell

revised by R. S. Simpson

Hunt, Arthur Surridge (1871–1934), papyrologist, was born at Romford, Essex, on 1 March 1871, the eldest son and third of eight children of Alfred Henry Hunt, solicitor, later of Romford Hall, and his wife, Emily Pertwee. His father belonged to an old Essex...

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Moss, Rosalind Louisa Beaufort (1890–1990), Egyptologist and bibliographer, was born on 21 September 1890 at Shrewsbury School, Shropshire, second of the six children of the Revd Henry Whitehead Moss (1841–1917), headmaster of the school, and his wife, Mary, elder daughter of the Revd W. A. Beaufort...

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Murray, Margaret Alice (1863–1963), Egyptologist and folklorist, was born in Calcutta on 13 July 1863, the younger daughter of James Charles Murray (d. 1891) and his wife, Margaret Carr (d. 1913?). James Murray, whose family had been in India for several generations, was managing partner of a firm of ...

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Margaret Alice Murray (1863–1963) by Lafayette, 1928 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Poole, (Reginald) Stuart (1832–1895), numismatist and Egyptologist, born in London on 27 February 1832, was the younger son of Edward Richard Poole (c.1805–1884), bibliophile and vicar of Alvaston, Derbyshire (1846–84), and Sophia Lane Poole (1804–1891), sister of Edward William Lane. From July 1842 to October 1849 he lived with his mother and her brother in ...

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(Reginald) Stuart Poole (1832–1895) by unknown engraver, pubd 1895 (after Elliott & Fry) © National Portrait Gallery, London