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Brampton, Sir Edward [Duarte Brandão] (c. 1440–1508), soldier and merchant, was born in Lisbon c.1440, reputedly the illegitimate son of Rui Barba and the wife of a Jewish blacksmith. About 1468 he travelled to England and converted to Christianity. As was usual in such cases, the ...

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Sir (Benn) Jack Brunel Cohen (1886–1965) by Bassano, 1948 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cohen, Sir (Benn) Jack Brunel (1886–1965), campaigner for former servicemen, was born at Ethelstone, Alexandra Drive, Toxteth Park, Liverpool, on 5 October 1886, the sixth son of nine children (one of whom did not survive infancy) of Louis Samuel Cohen (1844/5–1922) and his wife, ...

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Cohen, Kenneth Herman Salaman (1900–1984), intelligence officer, was born on 15 March 1900 at 1 Lower Terrace, Branch Hill, Hampstead, London, the son of Jewish parents, Herman Cohen (1860–1932), a barrister and official reporter of cases heard by the court of criminal appeal...

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Hardman, Leslie Henry (1913–2008), Jewish minister and army chaplain, was born at 12 Maes-y-Dyffryn, Glynneath, Glamorgan, on 18 February 1913, the son of Abraham Hardman, draper, and his wife, Dora, née Priceman. His father had emigrated from Poland, his mother from Russia. He was originally named ...

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Hilton, Peter John (1923–2010), code breaker and mathematician, was born at 34 Castletown Road, West Kensington, London, on 7 April 1923, the son of Mortimer Jacob Hilton (1893/4–1959), a physician and surgeon who practised in Peckham, south London, and his wife, Elizabeth Amelia, ...

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Marder, Arthur Jacob (1910–1980), naval historian, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, USA, on 8 March 1910, the son of Maxwell J. Marder, a tailor, and his wife, Ida, née Greenstein. He was educated at Harvard University, where he gained his PhD in 1936. On the suggestion of the ...

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Marks, Leopold Samuel [Leo] (1920–2001), cryptographer, playwright, and screenwriter, was born at 71 Antrim Mansions, Hampstead, London, on 24 September 1920, the only child of Benjamin Marks, antiquarian bookseller, and his wife, Rachel Dorothy, née Joseph. He was a bright child—at the age of eight, he claimed, he had solved his father's and his uncle's book-pricing codes—and was noted at ...

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Monash, Sir John (1865–1931), army officer and engineer, was born at Richhill Terrace in West Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, on 27 June 1865, eldest of the three children and only son of Louis Monash (1831–1894), a shopkeeper, and his wife, Bertha, née Manasse (1841–1885)...

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Sir John Monash (1865–1931) by Walter Stoneman, 1918 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Montagu, Ewen Edward Samuel (1901–1985), judge and intelligence officer, was born on 29 March 1901 in Kensington, the second of the three sons (there was also a younger daughter) of Louis Samuel Montagu (1869–1927), banker, who succeeded his father, Samuel Montagu (1832–1911), founder of the family firm, as ...

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Pereira, Isaac (c. 1658–1718), army contractor, was born in the Netherlands to Portuguese Jewish parents, being the third of four sons of Jacob Pereira (1629–1707), a jeweller, and his first wife, Ribca de Paiva (b. 1631), who married in Amsterdam...

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Reilly, Sidney George [formerly Shlomo ben Hersh Rozenblium] (1874–1925), spy, dubbed the Ace of Spies, was born Shlomo (Solomon) ben Hersh Rozenblium on 24 March 1874 in Bedzin, Piotrków Guberniia, Russian Poland, the only son of Hersh (Grigory) ben Yakov Rozenblium...

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Rose, Eliot Joseph Benn [Jim] (1909–1999), intelligence officer and journalist, was born Eliot Joseph Benn Rosenheim on 7 June 1909 at 43 Palace Gardens Terrace, Kensington, London, in the family of two sons and two daughters of Ernest Albert Rosenheim, later Rose (1879–1976)...

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Isaac Rosenberg (1890–1918) by self-portrait, 1915 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Rosenberg, Isaac (1890–1918), artist and poet, was born at 5 Victoria Square, The Temple, Bristol, on 25 November 1890, the second child and second son in the family of four sons and two daughters of Barnett (formerly Dovber) Rosenberg (b. 1859/60), a Lithuanian who had emigrated from ...

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Rydill, Louis Joseph (1922–2009), naval architect, was born on 16 August 1922 in New York, the son of Louis William Rydill (1889–1974), greengrocer and former soldier, and his second wife, Elizabeth Queenie, née Gallagher (1899–1974). His parents had married in Plymouth in 1920 and emigrated to ...