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Bell, Sir (Harold) Idris (1879–1967), papyrologist and scholar of Welsh literature, was born on 2 October 1879 at Epworth, Lincolnshire, the son of Charles Christopher Bell (b. 1845), chemist, and his wife, Rachel Hughes (d. 1880). His father's family had been yeoman farmers in the north midlands and had marked literary leanings, his father not least; but the Welsh inheritance from his mother meant more to ...

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Sir (Harold) Idris Bell (1879–1967) by Walter Stoneman, 1955 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Boson family (per. c. 1675–1730), preservers of the Cornish language, were key figures in the initial revival of Cornish, at a time towards the end of the seventeenth century when it was realized that the language was rapidly dying out. They came from a long-established landowning and merchant family of ...

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Campbell, John Lorne, of Canna (1906–1996), scholar of Scottish Gaelic folklore, was born in Edinburgh on 1 October 1906, the eldest son of Colonel Duncan Campbell, laird of Inverneill, Argyll, and his wife, Ethel, née Harriet, from New Jersey, USA. He was educated at ...

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Cleaver, Euseby Digby [Eusebh D. Mac Cliabhair] (1826–1894), Church of England clergyman and promoter of the Irish language, was born on 8 March 1826 at Delgany, co. Wicklow, the eldest son of William Cleaver, rector of the parish, and his wife, Mary, daughter of ...

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Davies, John (c. 1570–1644), Church of England clergyman and Welsh scholar, was born at Llanferres, Denbighshire, the son of Dafydd ab Ieuan ap Rhys, said to have been a weaver, and his wife, Elizabeth ferch Lewis ap Dafydd Lloyd. It was within a few miles of his birthplace that he came in contact with two men who set the course for his life and achievements. The first, the ...

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See Duffy, George Gavan [Seoirse Ui Gabháin]

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Evans, Daniel Silvan (1818–1903), Welsh scholar and lexicographer, born at Fron Wilym Uchaf, Llannarth, Cardiganshire, on 11 January 1818, was the son of Silvanus Evans, a farmer, and his wife, Sarah. He attended a nearby school for two months at a house called ...

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Evans, John [pseuds. I. D. Ffraid, Adda Jones] (1814–1875), Welsh scholar and businessman, was born at Tŷ Mawr, Llansanffraid Glan Conwy, on 23 July 1814, the son of David and Grace Evans. His education consisted of two periods, at Abergele in 1824 and at ...

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Foster, Sir Idris Llewelyn (1911–1984), Welsh and Celtic scholar, was born on 23 July 1911 at Carneddi, Bethesda, Caernarvonshire, the elder child and elder son of Harold Llewelyn Foster, of Bethesda, and his wife, Anne Jane Roberts, both shopkeepers. He was educated at ...

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Grant, Isabel Frances [Elsie] (1887–1983), promoter of Scottish Gaelic culture and writer, was born on 21 July 1887 at 34 Melville Street, Edinburgh, the eldest of the six children of Colonel Hugh Gough Grant CB (1845–1922), of the 78th and Seaforth Highlanders, and his wife, ...

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Gwavas, William (1676–1741/2), Cornish language scholar, was born on 6 December 1676 at Huntingfield Hall, Suffolk, and baptized on 1 January 1677 at Huntingfield church. He came from an old Cornish family originally from Gwavas in Sithney. He was the eldest child (of eleven in total) of ...

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Haliday [O'Hara], William [pseud. Edmond O'Connell] (1788–1812), grammarian of Irish, was born in Dublin, the son of William Haliday, or Halliday, an apothecary; he was the elder brother of Charles Haliday. He was trained as a solicitor, and learned Irish from three Munstermen who lived in ...

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Iaco ab Dewi [James Davies] (1647/8–1722), copyist and translator, was born in Llandysul, Cardiganshire. There is no record of his birth or baptism and nothing is known of his family antecedents, but he appears to have lived to early adulthood in Carmarthenshire. Under the influence of ...

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Jackson, Kenneth Hurlstone (1909–1991), Celtic scholar, was born on 1 November 1909 at Melville, Lavender Vale, Beddington, Surrey, the younger child of Alan Stuart Jackson (1877–1964), stockbroker, and his wife, Lucy Jane, née Hurlstone (1879–1970). While his father's family included clerics and civil servants, his mother's contained several artists, notably ...

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Kenneth Hurlstone Jackson (1909–1991) by Walter Bird, 1959 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Jones, Sir John Morris- (1864–1929), Welsh scholar and poet, was born at Trefor, Llandrygarn, Anglesey, on 17 October 1864, the eldest son of Morris Jones (d. 1879) and his wife, Elizabeth Roberts, shopkeepers, both originally of Llanrug, Caernarvonshire. When he was three years old his parents moved to ...

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Jones, Robert (1810–1879), writer on Welsh literature and Church of England clergyman, was born on 6 January 1810 at Llanfyllin in Montgomeryshire, the eldest son of Robert Jones, a bailiff. He was educated at Oswestry grammar school and at Jesus College, Oxford, where he matriculated on 12 December 1833 and graduated BA in 1837. Ordained deacon by the bishop of ...

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Keigwin, John (bap. 1642, d. 1716), scholar of the Cornish language, was born at Mousehole, Cornwall, from a long line of merchants and minor gentry, and was baptized at Paul on 7 January 1642, the only surviving son of Martin Keigwin (bap...

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Kelly, John (1750–1809), Manx scholar, the only son of William Kelly, farmer and wine cooper, and his wife, Alice Kewley, was born on 1 November 1750 on his father's property of Algare, in Baldwin, Isle of Man. He was educated by the Revd Philip Moore...