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Badger, George Percy (1815–1888), Arabic scholar and missionary, was born on 6 April 1815 at Chelmsford, Essex, the son of Edward Badger, army sergeant, and his wife, Ann (d. 1844). He was brought up in Malta, where his father, a regimental schoolmaster, died during his childhood, leaving his education in a rudimentary state. His fluency in Maltese, however, laid the foundation of his later mastery of Arabic. From 1834 he worked successively for the Methodist, American protestant, and Anglican missions in ...

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Bedwell, William (bap. 1563, d. 1632), Arabist and mathematician, was born in Great Hallingbury in Essex, where he was baptized on 2 October 1563, one of at least four children of John Bedwell, a small landowner, and his wife, Anne. After an early interest in mathematics had been encouraged by his father's youngest brother, ...

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Bernard, Edward (1638–1697), mathematician and Arabist, was born on 2 May 1638 at Paulerspury, near Towcester, Northamptonshire, the elder child of Joseph Bernard (c.1609–1644), clergyman, and Elizabeth Lenche or Linche (d. in or after 1669) of Wyche, near Great Malvern, Worcestershire...

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Stanley Lane-Poole

revised by Philip Carter

Carlyle, Joseph Dacre (1758–1804), Arabic scholar, was born on 4 June 1758 at Carlisle, where his father practised as a physician. He was educated at Mr Wilson's school at Kirkby Lonsdale and at the Carlisle grammar school. On 13 January 1775 he entered ...

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Channing, John (c. 1703–1775), apothecary and Arabist, was born in London, the first child of John Channing (d. 1725), a London apothecary, and his first wife, Elizabeth (d. 1705), daughter of Robert Erle of Sturminster Marshall, Dorset. Channing was apprenticed to his father on 5 August 1718, and was made a freeman of the ...

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Falconer, Ion Grant Neville Keith- (1856–1887), Arabic scholar, third son of Francis Alexander Keith-Falconer, eighth earl of Kintore (1828–1880), and Louisa Madaleine Hawkins (d, 1916), was born at Edinburgh (probably at 24 Abercromby Place) on 5 July 1856. His family were the representatives of the ...

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Ferdinand, Philip (1556–1599), Hebrew and Arabic scholar, was born of Jewish parentage in Poland in 1556. In his youth he studied the Talmud in the traditional Jewish manner and, judging from his elegant Latin, his command of Greek, and his fine handwriting, also received a humanist education. After about 1580 he was in ...

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Gibson [née Smith], Margaret Dunlop (1843–1920), Arabic and Syriac scholar, was born on 16 April 1843 in Irvine, Ayrshire, the younger twin daughter of John Smith (d. 1866), writer to the signet, and his wife, Margaret, née Dunlop (d. 1843, three weeks after the twins' birth), both Scottish Presbyterians. Her father became wealthy on inheriting ...

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Sir John Bagot Glubb (1897–1986) by Howard Coster, 1954 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Glubb, Sir John Bagot [known as Abu Hunaik; called Glubb Pasha] (1897–1986), army officer and Arabist, was born on 16 April 1897 in Preston, Lancashire, the only son and younger child of Sir Frederic Manley Glubb, a major in the Royal Engineers...

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Hourani, Albert Habib (1915–1993), historian and Arabist, was born on 31 March 1915 in Didsbury, south Manchester, the fifth of the six children of Fadlo Hourani (1871–1960), a textile exporter, and his wife, Soumaiya (1881–1943), daughter of the Revd Yuakim and Khazma Racy...

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Lewis, Agnes Smith (1843–1926), Arabic and Syriac scholar and novelist, was born Agnes Smith on 16 April 1843 in Irvine, Ayrshire. She was the elder identical twin daughter of John Smith (d. 1866), writer to the signet of Irvine, and his wife, ...

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Mingana, Alphonse [formerly Hurmiz Mingana] (1878?–1937), Syriac and Christian Arabic scholar, was born on 23 December probably in 1878 (not 1881 as usually stated) in Sharansh al-'Ulya in the district of Zakho, vilayet of Mosul (now northern Iraq), the eldest of the eight children of ...

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Monroe, Elizabeth (1905–1986), journalist and scholar of the Middle East, was born at the Nurses' Home, Great Malvern, Worcestershire, on 16 January 1905, daughter of Horace Granville Monroe (1872–1933) and his wife, Francis Alice (d. 1932), daughter of the ecclesiastical historian George Thomas Stokes...

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Negri, Solomon (bap. 1665, d. 1727), Arabic scholar and translator, was born in Damascus, and baptized there on 23 February 1665, the son of Ya‘qūb al-Sālihānī and his wife, Setelah. His parents were Arabic-speaking and Orthodox of the patriarchate of Antioch. His name in Arabic appears variously as ...

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Philby, Harry St John Bridger (1885–1960), explorer and Arabist, was born at St John's, Badulla, Ceylon, on 3 April 1885, the second son of Harry Montagu Philby (d. 1913), a coffee planter, and his wife, Queenie (1864–1950), known as May, daughter of ...

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Harry St John Bridger Philby (1885–1960) self-portrait, 1917–18 The Royal Geographical Society, London

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See Poole, Sophia Lane

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See Porter [née Seale], Dorothea Noelle Naomi [Thea]

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Shellabear, William Girdlestone (1862–1947), missionary and Malay scholar, was born on 27 August 1862 at Buttlands, Wells, Norfolk, the son of Samuel Shellabear, accountant, and manager of the earl of Leicester's estate at Holkham Hall, and his wife, Eliza, née Young. He was educated at ...