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Ashurst, Elizabeth Ann [Eliza] (c. 1814–1850), translator and campaigner for women's rights and against slavery, was born in Muswell Hill, Middlesex, the eldest child of William Henry Ashurst (bap. 1791?, d. 1855), of Muswell Hill, and his wife, Elizabeth Ann, née Brown (...

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See Beasley [née James], (Catherine) Eileen

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Bell, Sir (Harold) Idris (1879–1967), papyrologist and scholar of Welsh literature, was born on 2 October 1879 at Epworth, Lincolnshire, the son of Charles Christopher Bell (b. 1845), chemist, and his wife, Rachel Hughes (d. 1880). His father's family had been yeoman farmers in the north midlands and had marked literary leanings, his father not least; but the Welsh inheritance from his mother meant more to ...

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Sir (Harold) Idris Bell (1879–1967) by Walter Stoneman, 1955 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bernal, Martin Gardiner (1937–2013), Sinologist and ancient historian, was born on 10 March 1937 at 35 Downshire Hill, Hampstead, London, the son of (John) Desmond Bernal (1901–1971), physicist, and Margaret Emilia Gardiner (1904–2005), arts patron. His mother, the daughter of the Egyptologist Sir Alan Gardiner...

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Bredsdorff, Elias Lunn (1912–2002), Danish scholar, was born on 15 January 1912 at Roskilde folk high school, Denmark, the youngest of six sons of Thomas Vilhelm Birkedal Bredsdorff (1868–1922) and his wife, Margrethe, née Lunn (1871–1958). His father was the headmaster of the school, a further education college run on liberal Christian principles, and his mother a teacher. Originally taught at home, from the age of twelve he attended ...

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Elias Lunn Bredsdorff (1912–2002) by Bertyl Gaye, c. 1962–1963 The Master and Fellows of Peterhouse, Cambridge

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Bussy [née Strachey], Dorothea [Dorothy] [pseud. Olivia] (1865–1960), translator and author, was born on 24 July 1865 at Willenhall, near Barnet, London, the third of the ten children (three others died in infancy) of Lieutenant-General Sir Richard Strachey (1817–1908), scientist and administrator in ...

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Cayley, Charles Bagot (1823–1883), translator, was born on 9 July 1823 near St Petersburg in Russia, son of Henry Cayley (1768–1850), a merchant, and his wife, Maria Antonia Doughty (1794–1875). He was the younger brother of Arthur Cayley (1821–1895), mathematician. From Mr Pollecary's school, Blackheath...

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Close, Anthony John (1937–2010), Spanish scholar, was born on 12 February 1937 in Shanghai, China, the eldest son of Reginald Arthur Close (1909–1996), schoolmaster, linguist, and later a senior staff member of the British Council, and his wife, Eleanor Maude, née Darroch (1909–2000)...

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D. N. Smith

revised by Rebecca Mills

Elton, Oliver (1861–1945), literary scholar and translator, was born on 3 June 1861 at Gresham grammar school, Holt, Norfolk, the only child of the Revd Charles Allen Elton (1820–1887), headmaster of the school, and his wife, Sarah Amelia (b. 1833), daughter of ...

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Oliver Elton (1861–1945) by Augustus John University of Liverpool Art Gallery and Collections

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Faris, Ahmad [Aḣmad Fāris; formerly Faris ibn Yusuf al-Shidyaq] (1805/6–1887), author and translator, was born in al-Hadath, Lebanon, the youngest of five sons of Abu Husayn Yusuf ibn Mansur al-Shidyaq (1762–1821), secretary and tutor of Lebanese chieftains, and his wife, the daughter of ...

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Flower, Robin Ernest William (1881–1946), scholar of Irish literature and poet, was born on 16 October 1881 at Meanwood, Leeds, the son of Marmaduke Clement William Flower, a portrait painter who had fought on the Confederate side in the American Civil War after being disowned by his family, and his wife, ...

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Ganz, Peter Felix (1920–2006), German scholar, was born on 3 November 1920 in Mainz, Germany, the son of Hermann Friedrich Ignaz Ganz, who was company secretary in the family carpet business, and his wife, Charlotte (Lotte), née Fromberg. Both parents had doctorates in law. His father's was a long-established ...

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Garnett [née Black], Constance Clara (1861–1946), translator, was born at 58 Ship Street, Brighton, Sussex, on 19 December 1861, sixth of the eight children of the solicitor David Black (1817–1892), afterwards town clerk and coroner, and his wife, Clara Maria (1825–1875), daughter of the portrait painter ...

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Constance Clara Garnett (1861–1946) by unknown photographer, 1903 [The Garnetts: and David Garnett (1892-1981)] private collection; photograph © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Gili, John Louis (1907–1998), bookseller, publisher, and Catalan scholar, was born Joan Lluís Gili i Serra on 10 February 1907 in Barcelona, the son of Lluís Gili Roig (1882–1957), bookseller and publisher, and his wife, Victoria Serra Sunyol. He was thus a scion of a publishing house founded by ...

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Austin Gill (1906–1990) by James Johnston Rough, c. 1939 © reserved; by kind permission of Helene Demisay

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Gill, Austin (1906–1990), French scholar, was born on 3 September 1906 at 6B Northgate Street, Stockport, the second child and first son of Austin Gill (b. 1876/7), a cotton operative, and his wife, Ada, née Nuttall (b. 1880/81). His parents were also born in the ...