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Eaton, (Horace Charles Le) Gai [names in religion Hasan ‘Abd al-Hakim, Sidi Hasan] (1921–2010), diplomatist and Muslim scholar, was born on 1 January 1921 in Lausanne, Switzerland, the son of Francis Henry Launcelot Errington (1854–1942), barrister, and Ruth Frances Muddock (1881–1973)...

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Faris, Ahmad [Aḣmad Fāris; formerly Faris ibn Yusuf al-Shidyaq] (1805/6–1887), author and translator, was born in al-Hadath, Lebanon, the youngest of five sons of Abu Husayn Yusuf ibn Mansur al-Shidyaq (1762–1821), secretary and tutor of Lebanese chieftains, and his wife, the daughter of ...

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Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din (1870–1932) by unknown photographer, 1918 Woking Muslim Mission

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Kamal-ud-Din, Khwaja (1870–1932), Islamic scholar and missionary, was born in Lahore, Punjab, British India, the son of Khwaja Aziz-ud-Din. He came from a Kashmiri family with a tradition of distinguished public service: his grandfather, Abdur Rashid, was at one time the qazi (chief Muslim judge) of ...

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Philby, Harry St John Bridger (1885–1960), explorer and Arabist, was born at St John's, Badulla, Ceylon, on 3 April 1885, the second son of Harry Montagu Philby (d. 1913), a coffee planter, and his wife, Queenie (1864–1950), known as May, daughter of ...

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Harry St John Bridger Philby (1885–1960) self-portrait, 1917–18 The Royal Geographical Society, London

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Pickthall, Marmaduke William (1875–1936), writer and translator, was born on 7 April 1875 in Cambridge Terrace, London, the eldest of the two sons of the Revd Charles Grayson Pickthall (1822–1881), rector of Chillesford in Suffolk, and his second wife, Mary Hale, née O'Brien (1836–1904)...

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Stanley, Henry Edward John, third Baron Stanley of Alderley and second Baron Eddisbury (1827–1903), diplomatist and orientalist, born at Alderley Park, Chelford, near Crewe, on 11 July 1827, was the eldest of the ten children of Edward John Stanley, second Baron Stanley of Alderley...

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Yahya Ali Omar (1924–2008), Swahili scholar, was born in June 1924 in Mombasa, Kenya protectorate, the only son, a twin, and the youngest of three children of Ali bin Omar, fisherman, and his wife, Sudi binti Athman, both Swahili from northern Swahililand. When ...