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Babington, Benjamin Guy (1794–1866), physician and orientalist, the fourth son of the physician and mineralogist William Babington (1756–1833) and his wife, Martha Elizabeth Babington, was born on 5 March 1794 in Guy's Hospital when his father was resident apothecary there. Educated at Charterhouse School...

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Sidney Lee

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Balfour, Francis (d. in or after 1816), surgeon and orientalist, was born in Edinburgh and took his MD degree there in 1767. He entered the East India Company's service in Bengal as assistant surgeon on 3 July 1769, and was appointed full surgeon on 10 August 1777....

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Alfred Goodwin

revised by Sarah Annes Brown

Brewster, Thomas (b. 1705), physician and translator, was born on 18 September 1705 in Eardisland, Herefordshire, the son of Benjamin Brewster (bap. 1674), and his wife, Anne Whittington. He was educated at Merchant Taylors' School, and was admitted to St John's College, Oxford...

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Channing, John (c. 1703–1775), apothecary and Arabist, was born in London, the first child of John Channing (d. 1725), a London apothecary, and his first wife, Elizabeth (d. 1705), daughter of Robert Erle of Sturminster Marshall, Dorset. Channing was apprenticed to his father on 5 August 1718, and was made a freeman of the ...

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Connor [formerly O'Connor], Bernard (c. 1666–1698), physician and writer on Poland, the son of Bernard O'Connor, born in co. Kerry, Ireland, was descended from the O'Connor Kerry family, lords of Kerry. As a Roman Catholic, he was prohibited from attending school or university, and was therefore taught privately by tutors. Of his life in ...

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See Grieve, James

Article

Grieve, James (bap. 1703, d. 1763), physician and translator, was baptized at Hawick, Roxburghshire, on 30 April 1703, the son of James Grieve, a tenant farmer, and Jenet Eliot. From 1726 he studied medicine at Edinburgh University, where he graduated in June 1733 with an MD thesis on eye illnesses of the vitreous humour. Licensed to practise medicine in ...

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Helmont, Franciscus Mercurius van, baron of Helmont and Merode in the nobility of the Holy Roman empire (1614–1698), physician and cabbalist, was born on 20 October 1614 at a house in the rue de Louvain, Vilvorde, near Brussels, the only surviving son of ...

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Mac Duinnshléibhe [MacDonlevy], Cormac (fl. c. 1459), physician and translator of medical texts, was descended from a royal family of twelfth-century Ulster (modern counties Down and Antrim), who were overthrown by the Anglo-Norman invaders. A branch of the family migrated to Tír Conaill...

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Macgillivray, Charles Robert (1805/6–1867), physician and Gaelic scholar, the son of Neil Macgillivray, a crofter, and his wife, Christina, née McEachran, was born in Kilfinichen, Mull. He received his elementary education at the school of his native parish, and when about twenty went to ...

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Moore, Sir Norman, first baronet (1847–1922), physician and Irish scholar, was born at Higher Broughton, Manchester, on 8 January 1847, the only child of Robert Ross Rowan Moore (1811–1864), barrister and political economist, of Kilmainham, Dublin, and his wife, Rebecca (1819–1905), daughter of ...

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Phaer [Phayer], Thomas (1510?–1560), translator and physician, was the son of Thomas Phaer of Norwich and his wife, Clara, daughter of either Sir Richard or Sir William Godier. He was educated at Oxford University and Lincoln's Inn. Early in his career he became attached to the household of ...

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Russell, Richard (b. before 1640, d. 1686x97), translator of alchemical and iatrochemical treatises, prepared chemical medicines with his brother William Russell (1634–c. 1696) who was chemist-in-ordinary to Charles II and author of A Physical Treatise, Grounded, not upon Tradition, nor Phancy, but Experience...

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Strachey, James Beaumont (1887–1967), psychoanalyst and translator, was born on 26 September 1887 at 69 Lancaster Gate, London, the last of the thirteen children (three of whom died during infancy) of Sir Richard Strachey (1817–1908), scientist and geographer, and his second wife, Jane Maria Strachey (1840–1928)...

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Turner, Robert (b. 1619/20, d. in or after 1664), writer and translator of occult and medical works, was born at Holshot, near Saffron Walden, Essex, the third son of Edmund Turner and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Marsh, of Barnard's Inn. He was admitted pensioner to ...

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Tytler, Henry William (1752/3–1808), translator and physician, was born at Fern near Brechin, Forfarshire, the son of George Tytler (1705/6–1785), minister of Fern, and his wife, Janet Robertson (d. 1795); he was the younger brother of James Tytler (1745–1804). He published The Works of Callimachus Translated into English Verse...

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Waddell, Lawrence Augustine (1854–1938), army medical officer and orientalist, was born at Cumbernauld, Dunbartonshire, on 29 May 1854, the son of Thomas Clement Waddell DD, schoolmaster and author, and his wife, Jean, youngest daughter of John Chapman, of Banton, Stirlingshire. At an unknown date his second forename changed to ...

Article

Ronald Bayne

revised by Patrick Wallis

Ward [Warde], William (1534–1609), physician and translator, was born at Landbeach, Cambridgeshire, in 1534. He was educated at Eton College, and then was elected a scholar at King's College, Cambridge, on 13 August 1550. On 14 August 1553 he became a fellow. He graduated BA in 1555 and proceeded MA in 1558. On 27 February 1552 the provost of his college requested him to take up the study of medicine, and he became MD in 1567. In 1568 he left his fellowship. His name is attached to the petition signed in 1572 against the new statutes of the university which allowed students to begin their medical training without first undertaking preliminary training in the arts. ...

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E. I. Carlyle

revised by Thomas Prasch

Watson, John Forbes (1827–1892), physician and expert on India, was baptized on 20 June 1827, at Strathdon, Aberdeenshire, the son of George Watson, a farmer, and his wife, Jean McHardy. He was educated at the University of Aberdeen and graduated MA and MD in 1847. He continued his medical training at ...