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Arnold, Thomas James (1803–1877), barrister and literary translator, was born on 6 July 1803 in Downing Street, Westminster, London, the eldest son of Samuel James Arnold (1774–1852), dramatist, and Matilda Catherine Pye (d. 1851), younger daughter of Henry James Pye, MP and poet laureate. He was educated at ...

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Backhouse, Sir Edmund Trelawny, second baronet (1873–1944), Sinologist and fraudster, eldest of the four surviving sons of Jonathan Edmund Backhouse, first baronet (1849–1918), a banker, and Florence (1845–1902), youngest daughter of Sir John Salusbury Salusbury-Trelawny, was born on 20 October 1873 at The Rookery, Middleton Tyas, Yorkshire...

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Hughes, William (1587/8–1663?), translator and compiler of legal works, was the eldest son of Reginald Hughes (d. 1616), a citizen of London and member of the Fishmongers' Company, and his wife, Margaret. Hughes matriculated at St Alban Hall, Oxford, on 18 January 1605, aged seventeen, and was admitted to ...

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Sir William Jones (1746–1794) by Arthur William Devis, c. 1793 The British Library

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Jones, Sir William (1746–1794), orientalist and judge, was born at Beaufort Buildings, Westminster, on 28 September 1746, the youngest child of William Jones (c. 1675–1749) and Mary Nix (c.1705–1780), the gifted daughter of a cabinet-maker. His father, a distinguished Welsh mathematician and a friend of ...

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Keith, Arthur Berriedale (1879–1944), Sanskritist and jurist, was born on 5 April 1879 at 3 Abercorn Terrace, Portobello, Edinburgh, the fourth of six talented children and the third son of Davidson Keith (1842–1921), advertising agent, and Margaret Stobie Keith, née Drysdale (1851–1911). His father came from a ...

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Loftus, Dudley (1618–1695), orientalist and jurist, was born at Rathfarnham Castle, co. Dublin, the third son of Sir Adam Loftus (b. 1590/91, d. in or after 1641), later lord justice and chancellor of Ireland, and his wife, Jane, daughter of Walter Vaughan...

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Henry Beveridge

revised by Parvin Loloi

Morley, William Hook (1815–1860), orientalist and lawyer, born at St Michael's Place, Brompton, London, the second son of George Morley of the Inner Temple, distinguished himself in 1838 by discovering a missing manuscript of Rashidudin, Jámi Al Tawaríkh. He entered the Middle Temple...

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Radhakanta Sarman (d. 1803), pandit, was born in the early eighteenth century in a Bengali Brahman family of modest means. His father died at the age of 100, his mother at eighty on the funeral pyre of her husband. Radhakanta received a traditional Sanskrit education as a student of the famed ...

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Sparrow, John (1615–1670), translator and lawyer, was born on 12 May 1615 at Stambourne, Essex, the first son of John Sparrow, a military man. He matriculated from Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1631 but did not graduate. He was admitted of the Inner Temple...

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John Sparrow (1615–1670) by David Loggan, 1659 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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See Symmons, Charles

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Sir John George Woodroffe (1865–1936) by Lafayette, 1928 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Woodroffe, Sir John George (1865–1936), judge and tantric scholar, was born on 15 December 1865, the eldest son of James Tisdall Woodroffe, a lawyer, and his wife, Florence Hume. After completing his schooling in Woburn Park School, Surrey, he studied at University College, Oxford...