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Baillie, John (1772–1833), army officer in the East India Company and orientalist, younger son of George Baillie of Leys Castle, Inverness, and his wife, Anne (née Baillie), was born at Inverness on 10 May 1772, and entered the East India Company's service in 1790, arriving in ...

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John Bourchier, second Baron Berners (c. 1467–1533) attrib. Ambrosius Benson, c. 1521–6 Galerie Jan der Maere

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Bourchier, John, second Baron Berners (c. 1467–1533), soldier, diplomat, and translator, was the son of Sir Humphrey Bourchier (d. 1471) and Elizabeth (d. 1497), daughter and sole heir of Frederick Tilney of Boston, Lincolnshire. His father, a Yorkist, was killed at the battle of ...

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Chamberlayne, Thomas (fl. 1609–1638), soldier and expert on Russia, began his eighteen-year military career as a sentinel and rose to the rank of captain; nothing is known about his birth, family, or education. In 1609, with the approval of the English government, he assisted ...

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Sir John Bagot Glubb (1897–1986) by Howard Coster, 1954 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Glubb, Sir John Bagot [known as Abu Hunaik; called Glubb Pasha] (1897–1986), army officer and Arabist, was born on 16 April 1897 in Preston, Lancashire, the only son and younger child of Sir Frederic Manley Glubb, a major in the Royal Engineers...

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Hunter, George Orby (1773?–1843), army officer and translator, was possibly the illegitimate son of Captain Charles Orby Hunter (d. 1791), of Croyland Abbey, Lincolnshire, his mother possibly being his father's French mistress. The Orby baronetcy, created in 1658, expired in 1724; other forms of this ancient name were ...

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Kennedy, Vans (1783–1846), army officer and Sanskrit and Persian scholar, was born at Pinmore in the parish of Ayr, Scotland, the youngest son of Robert Kennedy of Pinmore and his wife, Robina, daughter of John Vans of Barnbarroch, Wigtownshire, who on marrying his cousin assumed the name of ...

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Latter, Thomas (1816–1853), army officer in the East India Company and Burmese scholar, son of Major Barré Latter, an officer who distinguished himself in the Anglo-Nepal War of 1814–16, was born in India. He obtained a commission as ensign in 1836 from the ...

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Lawton, Harold Walter (1899–2005), soldier and French scholar, was born on 27 July 1899 at 28 Grove Street, Burslem, Staffordshire, the son of William Thomas Coates Lawton, potter's tile fixer, and later owner of a tile-laying and mosaics business, and his wife, Alice, ...

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H. M. Chichester

revised by Parvin Loloi

Lees, William Nassau (1825–1889), army officer and orientalist, was born on 26 February 1825, the fourth son of Sir Harcourt Lees, second baronet (1776–1852), political pamphleteer, and his wife, Sophia, daughter of Colonel Lyster of Grange, co. Roscommon, Ireland. He was educated at ...

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Low, James (d. 1852), army officer in the East India Company and Siamese scholar, received a Madras army cadetship in 1811, and on 11 June 1812 was appointed ensign 25th Madras native infantry. He became lieutenant in 1817, and captain 46th native infantry...

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Morris, Richard (1703–1779), clerk and promoter of the Welsh language, was born on 2 February 1703 in Fferam in the parish of Llanfihangel Tre'r-beirdd in Anglesey, the second son of Morris Prichard (1674–1763), cooper, tenant farmer, and small merchant, and Marged Morris (1671–1752)...

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See Morris, Charles

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Newbold, Thomas John (1807–1850), army officer in the East India Company and oriental scholar, son of Francis Newbold, surgeon, of Macclesfield, Cheshire, was born in Macclesfield on 8 February 1807. He was commissioned ensign in the 23rd regiment Madras light infantry in 1828, and arrived in ...

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Polier, Antoine Louis Henri (bap. 1741, d. 1795), military engineer and collector of oriental manuscripts, was baptized on 28 February 1741 at Lausanne, Switzerland, the younger son of Jacques Henri Polier (bap. 1700, d. 1781), of a French protestant family which had settled in ...

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Stanley Lane-Poole

revised by R. S. Simpson

Price, David (1762–1835), orientalist and army officer, was born in Merthyr Cynog, near Brecon, where his father, also named David Price (d. 1775), was curate. The latter soon afterwards became rector of Llanbadarn Fawr, near Aberystwyth, and David Price was brought up until the age of six or seven by his grandfather in ...

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Edward Edwards

revised by Schuyler Jones

Raverty, Henry George (1825–1906), army officer and orientalist, born at Falmouth on 31 May 1825, was the son of Peter Raverty of co. Tyrone, a surgeon in the navy. His mother belonged to the family of Drown of Falmouth. Educated at Falmouth and ...

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Shute, John (fl. 1557–1598), translator and soldier, is of unknown origins. His first translation from the Italian, Two very notable commentaries, the one of the originall of the Turcks and empire of the house of Ottomano, written by Andrew Cambini and the other of the warres of the Turke against George Scanderbeg, prince of Epiro...

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Temple, Sir Richard Carnac, second baronet (1850–1931), army officer and oriental scholar, was born at Allahabad, India, on 15 October 1850, the elder son of Sir Richard Temple, first baronet (1826–1902), a civil servant, of The Nash, Kempsey, Worcestershire, and his first wife, ...