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Francesco Algarotti, Count Algarotti in the Prussian nobility (1712–1764) by Jean-Étienne Liotard, c. 1745 Rijksprentenkabinet, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam

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Algarotti, Francesco, Count Algarotti in the Prussian nobility (1712–1764), poet and scholar, was born on 11 December 1712 in the family home in Venice on the Fondamenta Nuove, the second son of Rocco Algarotti (d. 1726) and his wife, Maria Mercati. His father was a prosperous merchant of Paduan origin, settled in ...

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Beard, Charles (1827–1888), Unitarian minister, scholar, and journal editor, was born at Higher Broughton, Manchester, on 27 July 1827, the eldest son of John Relly Beard (1800–1876), Unitarian minister at Salford, and his wife, Mary Barnes (1802–1887). Educated at his father's school, he studied at ...

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Bronowski, Jacob (1908–1974), mathematician, poet, and humanist, was born on 18 January 1908 in Łódź, Poland, the first of the three children of Abram Bronowski, haberdasher, and his wife, Celia Flatto. During the First World War the family lived in Germany, and in 1920 they moved to ...

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Jacob Bronowski (1908–1974) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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T. F. Henderson

revised by K. D. Reynolds

Busk, Hans, the elder (1772–1862), scholar and poet, was born on 28 May 1772, the youngest son of Sir Wadsworth Busk (1730–1811), attorney-general of the Isle of Man and treasurer of the Middle Temple, and Alice (d. 1776), daughter and coheir of ...

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Cheriton, Odo of (1180s–1246), author and scholar, was born in Kent in the 1180s, into a wealthy Anglo-Norman family originally settled at Cheriton near Folkestone by a founding Odo, recorded as being kin to the then archbishop of Canterbury. His father, William of Cheriton...

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Clark, Andrew (1856–1922), Church of England clergyman, scholar, and diarist, was born on 5 June 1856 at Dollarfield, Clackmannanshire, the fifth son of Robert Clark, a farm worker, and his wife, Eliza Bowie. He was educated at Dollar Academy and from 1871 to 1875 at the ...

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Evans, Evan [pseud. Ieuan Fardd; called Ieuan Brydydd Hir] (1731–1788), scholar and poet, was born on 20 May 1731 at Cynhawdref farm in the parish of Lledrod, Cardiganshire. The son of Jenkin Evans (d. c.1758), a farmer, and his wife, ...

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Grierson, Sir Herbert John Clifford (1866–1960), literary critic and scholar, was born on 16 January 1866 in Commercial Street, Lerwick, Shetland, the third of the six children of Andrew John Grierson (1832–1896) and Alice Geraldine Clifford (1837–1917). His father owned the estate of ...

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James, Montague Rhodes (1862–1936), college head, scholar, and author, was born at Goodnestone in Kent on 1 August 1862, the fourth and youngest child of Herbert James (1822–1909) and his wife of fifteen years, Mary Emily Horton (1818–1898). When Monty (as he was familiarly known) was three years old his father, a high-minded country parson, became rector of ...

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Montague Rhodes James (1862–1936) by Sir Gerald Kelly, 1936 © reserved; collection Eton College; © reserved in the photograph

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Johnston, John (c. 1565–1611), scholar and poet, was born in Aberdeen, the son of Robert Johnston, merchant, and Isobell Boyes (d. 1616). He was educated at Aberdeen grammar school and King's College, and matriculated at the University of Rostock in August 1584, probably aged about nineteen....

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Thomas Gwynn Jones (1871–1949) by unknown photographer, 1936 private collection

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Jones, Thomas Gwynn (1871–1949), poet and scholar, was born on 10 October 1871 at Gwyndy-uchaf, Betws-yn-Rhos, Denbighshire, the eldest of the four children of Isaac Jones (1842–1929), farmer, poet, and lay preacher, and his wife, Jane, née Roberts (1845–1896). At birth he was given the name ...

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J. A. W. Bennett

revised by Emma Plaskitt

Lewis, Clive Staples (1898–1963), writer and scholar, was born in Belfast on 29 November 1898, the younger son of Albert James Lewis, a local solicitor, and his wife, Florence Augusta Flora, daughter of the Revd Thomas Hamilton. She had been a graduate of ...

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Clive Staples Lewis (1898–1963) by Arthur Strong, 1947 © Arthur Strong / National Portrait Gallery, London

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Ó Cléirigh, Cú Choigcríche [Cucogry O'Clery] (fl. 1624–1664), scholar and scribe, was the son of Diarmuid Ó Cléirigh, in turn the son of An Cosnamhach Ó Cléirigh. There has been considerable confusion between this Cú Choigcríche and a supposed son of Lughaidh Ó Cléirigh...

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Prince, Frank Templeton (1912–2003), poet and scholar, was born in Kimberley, South Africa, on 13 September 1912, the second of three children of Henry (Harry) Prince (formerly Prinz), a diamond merchant from London's East End, of Dutch descent, and his wife, Margaret Templeton, ...

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Quennell, Sir Peter Courtney (1905–1993), writer and editor, was born on 9 March 1905 at 9 The Avenue, Bickley, Bromley, Kent, the eldest of the three children of Charles Henry Bourne Quennell (1872–1935), architect, author, and social historian, and his wife, Marjorie Quennell (1883–1972)...