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Angell, John (d. 1764), stenographer, of Chichester, Sussex, was possibly the son of John Angell (d. 1754). He became a feltmaker or hatter in St Clement Danes parish, Westminster, London. Like Thomas Gurney, official reporter to the Old Bailey, Angell learned the shorthand system of ...

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Arkisden, Thomas (1608/9–1682), Church of England clergyman and writer of shorthand, was probably born in Essex or Suffolk, one, probably the elder, of the two children of Thomas Arkisden, a minor landowner, and his wife, Francis, née Durrant. After his father's death, his guardian was his 'father-in-law' ...

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Bright, Timothy (1549/50–1615), physician and writer on shorthand, was the son of William Bright (d. 1592), possibly the William Bright who was mayor of Cambridge in 1571. Sheffield, Yorkshire, has been given as his birthplace, but Bright himself stated that he was born and educated in ...

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Brownell [married names Blair, Pitt-Rivers], Sonia Mary [known as Sonia Orwell] (1918–1980), literary editor, writer, and friend of artists and intellectuals, was born Sonia Mary Brownell on 25 August 1918 at Mesra Thaua, Ranchi, Bihar, India, the younger daughter of ...

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Sonia Mary Brownell [Sonia Orwell] (1918–1980) by unknown photographer, 1949 [left, at the offices of Horizon] UCL, MSSRB, Orwell Archive 3B18

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Byrom, John (1692–1763), poet and creator of a system of shorthand, was born on 29 February 1692 at Kersall Cell, Broughton, near Manchester, the second son of Edward Byrom (d. 1711), merchant, and his wife, Sarah Allen. The Byrom family were well known in the district: the ...

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John Byrom (1692–1763) by Dorning Rasbotham © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

See Cherry, Francis

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Clement [Clements; née Giggs], Margaret (1508–1570), adopted daughter of Sir Thomas More, is of obscure parentage. She was described by the biographer of her daughter Margaret as having been 'a gentleman's daughter of Norfolk' (Durrant, 183); a family named Giggs...

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Coles, Elisha (c. 1640–1680), lexicographer and stenographer, the son of John Coles (1623/4–1678), schoolmaster of Wolverhampton grammar school, and his wife, Joyce, was probably born about 1640 in Northamptonshire. He was the nephew of Elisha Coles the Calvinist, and has been often confused with his uncle's son, also ...

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Elphinstone [née Thrale], Hester Maria, Viscountess Keith (1764–1857), protégée of Samuel Johnson, the eldest daughter of Henry Thrale (1728–1781), brewer, and his wife, Hester, afterwards Mrs Piozzi (1741–1821), was born on 17 September 1764 at Southwark, London. Dr Johnson, a friend of the family from 1765, called her ...

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Gibbs, Philip (1696–1752), Presbyterian minister and historian of shorthand, was born at Trowbridge, Wiltshire, on 15 February 1696, the son of James Gibbs, a clothier, and his wife, Anne Bailey. His family were prominent presbyterians and lived in Duke Street. Nothing is known of his education except that he began the study of divinity under 'Calvinistical Tutors'....

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Gregory [married name Alison], Dorothea (bap. 1754, d. 1830), companion of Elizabeth Montagu, was baptized on 4 June 1754 at St Nicholas's Church, Aberdeen, the elder of the two daughters of John Gregory (1724–1773), professor of medicine at Edinburgh University, and his wife, ...

Article

Thompson Cooper

revised by Joanna Hawke

Gurney, Joseph (1804–1879), shorthand writer and biblical scholar, was born in Bartlett’s Buildings, Holborn, London on 15 October 1804, the eldest son of William Brodie Gurney (1777–1855), the philanthropist, and his wife, Ann née Benham (1781-1827). He acted as secretary to his first important committee of the ...

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Gurney, Thomas (1705–1770), stenographer, was born at Woburn, Bedfordshire, on 7 March 1705, the son of John Gurney, a miller, and his wife, Hannah Young. The young Gurney, more interested in scholarly and mechanical arts than in agriculture, twice ran away from home. About 1720 he bid successfully at auction for a book on astrology. The lot also included a popular treatise on the art of shorthand, ...

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G. C. Boase

revised by M. Clare Loughlin-Chow

Gurney, William Brodie (1777–1855), shorthand writer and philanthropist, grandson of Thomas Gurney (1705–1770) and brother of Sir John Gurney (1768–1845), was the younger son of Joseph Gurney (1744–1815) [see under Gurney, Thomas] and his wife, a daughter of William Brodie of ...

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Hopkins, William (fl. 1674), stenographer and writing master, wrote The flying pen-man, or, The art of short-writing by a more easie, exact, compendious, and speedy way (1674), using a system related to those of Thomas Shelton, Jeremiah Rich, and especially Theophilus Metcalfe. Beautifully engraved with ornamental borders and a frontispiece portrait of ...

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Leslie Stephen

revised by Michael Bevan

Langton, Bennet (bap. 1736, d. 1801), friend of Samuel Johnson, son of the Revd Bennet Langton (1696–1769) and his wife, Diana, daughter of Edmund Turner of Stoke Rochford, Lincolnshire, and descendant of the old family of the Langtons of Langton, near Spilsby in ...

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Marshall [née Broadbent], Marian Sutton (1846–1901), secretary and trade unionist, was born at Lockwood, Huddersfield, in Yorkshire on 12 September 1846, the daughter of William Broadbent, tea dealer, and his wife, Ann, née Thornton. After her father's death she went with her mother to ...

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Mason, William (d. 1719?), stenographer and writing-master, is of unknown origins. He wrote that from his youth he 'delighted in the Art of Short-Hand' (W. Mason, La plume volante, 1707, To the reader). In 1736 it was noted, 'As for Mr. Mason...