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See Addison, Joseph

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Addy, William (bap. 1618?, d. 1695?), stenographer and writing-master, has been plausibly, although on entirely circumstantial evidence, identified as the William Addy who was baptized in Wath upon Dearne, West Riding of Yorkshire, on 13 September 1618, the third son of John Addy (...

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Angell, John (d. 1764), stenographer, of Chichester, Sussex, was possibly the son of John Angell (d. 1754). He became a feltmaker or hatter in St Clement Danes parish, Westminster, London. Like Thomas Gurney, official reporter to the Old Bailey, Angell learned the shorthand system of ...

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See Angell, John

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Arkisden, Thomas (1608/9–1682), Church of England clergyman and writer of shorthand, was probably born in Essex or Suffolk, one, probably the elder, of the two children of Thomas Arkisden, a minor landowner, and his wife, Francis, née Durrant. After his father's death, his guardian was his 'father-in-law' ...

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Austin, John (b. 1752, d. before 1838), music stenographer and inventor of a power-loom, was born at Craigton, near Glasgow, on 17 April 1752, the son of the gardener to John Baird, esquire. Nothing is known of Austin's early life or education. On 30 May 1777 he married ...

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Blanchard, William Isaac (bap. 1741?, d. 1796), stenographer and legal writer, was the grandson of a French refugee and is probably the William Blanchard baptized on 20 December 1741 at St Martin-in-the-Fields, Westminster, London, son of Isaac Blanchard and his wife, Ann Mary Delpeuch...

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Boothby, Hill (1708–1756), friend of Samuel Johnson, was born on 27 October 1708 at Ashbourne, Derbyshire, the only daughter of Brooke Boothby (d. 1727) of Ashbourne Hall, Derbyshire, and his second wife, Elizabeth Fitzherbert, daughter of John Fitzherbert of Somersall-Herbert, Derbyshire. A woman of considerable ability, she made the acquaintance of ...

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Botley, Samuel (1640/41–1677), stenographer, was a son of Robert Botley, citizen of London and cordwainer. The year of his birth has been calculated from the engraved portrait by William Dolle in the first edition of the shorthand manual for which Botley is chiefly remembered, ...

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Thompson Cooper

revised by H. K. Higton

Bridges, Noah (fl. 1643–1662), stenographer and mathematician, was educated at Balliol College, Oxford, and acted as clerk of the parliament which sat in that city in 1643 and 1644. He was created bachelor of civil law on 17 June 1646, 'being at that time esteemed a most faithful subject to his majesty' (...

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Bright, Timothy (1549/50–1615), physician and writer on shorthand, was the son of William Bright (d. 1592), possibly the William Bright who was mayor of Cambridge in 1571. Sheffield, Yorkshire, has been given as his birthplace, but Bright himself stated that he was born and educated in ...

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Brownell [married names Blair, Pitt-Rivers], Sonia Mary [known as Sonia Orwell] (1918–1980), literary editor, writer, and friend of artists and intellectuals, was born Sonia Mary Brownell on 25 August 1918 at Mesra Thaua, Ranchi, Bihar, India, the younger daughter of ...

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Sonia Mary Brownell [Sonia Orwell] (1918–1980) by unknown photographer, 1949 [left, at the offices of Horizon] UCL, MSSRB, Orwell Archive 3B18

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Byrom, John (1692–1763), poet and creator of a system of shorthand, was born on 29 February 1692 at Kersall Cell, Broughton, near Manchester, the second son of Edward Byrom (d. 1711), merchant, and his wife, Sarah Allen. The Byrom family were well known in the district: the ...

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John Byrom (1692–1763) by Dorning Rasbotham © National Portrait Gallery, London

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See Cherry, Francis

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Clement [Clements; née Giggs], Margaret (1508–1570), adopted daughter of Sir Thomas More, is of obscure parentage. She was described by the biographer of her daughter Margaret as having been 'a gentleman's daughter of Norfolk' (Durrant, 183); a family named Giggs...

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Coles, Elisha (c. 1640–1680), lexicographer and stenographer, the son of John Coles (1623/4–1678), schoolmaster of Wolverhampton grammar school, and his wife, Joyce, was probably born about 1640 in Northamptonshire. He was the nephew of Elisha Coles the Calvinist, and has been often confused with his uncle's son, also ...

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Elphinstone [née Thrale], Hester Maria, Viscountess Keith (1764–1857), protégée of Samuel Johnson, the eldest daughter of Henry Thrale (1728–1781), brewer, and his wife, Hester, afterwards Mrs Piozzi (1741–1821), was born on 17 September 1764 at Southwark, London. Dr Johnson, a friend of the family from 1765, called her ...

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Gibbs, Philip (1696–1752), Presbyterian minister and historian of shorthand, was born at Trowbridge, Wiltshire, on 15 February 1696, the son of James Gibbs, a clothier, and his wife, Anne Bailey. His family were prominent presbyterians and lived in Duke Street. Nothing is known of his education except that he began the study of divinity under 'Calvinistical Tutors'....