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Bohm, David Joseph (1917–1992), physicist and philosopher, was born on 20 December 1917 in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, USA, the son of Samuel Bohm, proprietor of a furniture store, and his wife, Freda. Both parents were immigrants from Europe, his father being born in the ...

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Campbell, Norman Robert (1880–1949), physicist and philosopher, was born on 7 March 1880 at 19 Westbourne Terrace, Kensington, London, the third son of William Middleton Campbell of Camis-Esken, Helensburgh, Dunbartonshire, a sugar merchant, and his wife, Edith Agneta Bevan. He was educated at ...

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Christie, Samuel Hunter (1784–1865), experimental philosopher and scientific administrator, was born on 22 March 1784, the son of James Christie (c.1739–1825), tailor, and his wife, Sarah Margaret Pomroy (c.1737–1813). From a very early age Christie displayed great mathematical ability, and he was first educated at the school in ...

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Samuel Hunter Christie (1784–1865) by Ernest Edwards, pubd 1865 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Dick, Thomas (1774–1857), writer on science and philosopher, was born on 24 November 1774 in the Hilltown of Dundee, the youngest of three children of Mungo Dick and Margaret Stroak. His father was a handloom weaver of moderate means who served as treasurer for the ...

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Thomas Dick (1774–1857) by unknown artist Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Drysdale, Charles Vickery (1874–1961), electrical engineer and social philosopher, was born in Paris, France, on 8 July 1874, the eldest son of Charles Robert Drysdale (1828/9–1907) [see under Drysdale, George (1824-1904)] and Alice Drysdale Vickery (1844–1929), both physicians. Although eventually becoming senior physician to the ...

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Good, Irving John [Jack] (1916–2009), statistician and applied philosopher, was born Isidore Jacob Gudak at Queen Charlotte's Hospital, Hammersmith, London, on 9 December 1916, the son of Morris Edward Gudak, later Morris Edward Good (1885–1958), a watchmaker, master jeweller, and author (as Moshe Oved...

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Sir Julian Sorell Huxley (1887–1975) by Howard Coster, 1939 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Huxley, Sir Julian Sorell (1887–1975), zoologist and philosopher, was born on 22 June 1887 at 61 Russell Square, Bloomsbury, London, the eldest of three sons and a daughter of Leonard Huxley (1860–1933) and his first wife, Julia Frances Arnold (1862–1908). Leonard Huxley was at this time a schoolmaster at ...

Article

Kirkman, Thomas Penyngton (1806–1895), mathematician and philosopher, was born on 31 March 1806 in Bolton, Lancashire, the only son of John Kirkman (d. 1839), cotton dealer, and his wife, Elizabeth. Baptized Pennington, he adopted the spelling Penyngton in later life. He was educated at ...

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Polanyi, Michael (1891–1976), physical chemist and philosopher, was born in Budapest in March 1891, the fifth of six children and third son of Mihály Polacsek, a railway entrepreneur and civil engineer of Jewish extraction, and his wife, Cecília Wohl. Due to carelessness in registering his birth, its exact date is unknown. His family celebrated it on the 11th; his entry in ...

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Michael Polanyi (1891–1976) by Lucia Moholy, 1938 © Lucia Moholy; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Ramsey, Frank Plumpton (1903–1930), mathematician and philosopher, was born on 22 February 1903 at 71 Chesterton Road, Chesterton, Cambridge, the eldest of the two sons and two daughters of Arthur Stanley Ramsey (1867–1954), fellow and later president of Magdalene College, Cambridge, and his wife, ...

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Schmitt, Charles Bernard (1933–1986), historian of philosophy and science, was born on 4 August 1933 in Louisville, Kentucky, USA. After graduating from the University of Louisville in 1956 with a bachelor's degree in chemical engineering, he spent a year working for the American Cyanamide Company...

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Vaughan, Thomas (1621–1666), hermetic philosopher and alchemist, was the son of Thomas Vaughan (c.1586–1658) of Llansanffraid (St Bridget's), Brecknockshire, and his wife, Denise Jenkin (b. c.1593), daughter and heir of David Morgan of Llansanffraid. Thomas and his elder twin brother, the poet ...

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E. T. Whittaker

revised by I. Grattan-Guinness

Whitehead, Alfred North (1861–1947), mathematician and philosopher, was born at Ramsgate on 15 February 1861, the last of the four children of the Revd Alfred Whitehead (1827–1898), at that time headmaster of a private school in Ramsgate, and later vicar of St Peter's, Isle of Thanet...

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Alfred North Whitehead (1861–1947) by Walter Stoneman, 1917 © National Portrait Gallery, London