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Alcock, Simon (d. 1459), scholastic author, was educated at Oxford, where he had proceeded MA by 1422 and DD by 1427, at which date he composed the De arte dictaminis, now MS 184.4 of the library of St John's College, Oxford. He may also have composed the ...

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Argall, John (b. in or before 1545, d. 1606), Church of England clergyman and logician, was born in London, the third son of Thomas Argall (1499/1500–1563), ecclesiastical official, and of Margaret (d. 1592), daughter of John Tallakarne or Talkerne of Cornwall. Near the end of ...

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Balsham, Adam of [Adam de Parvo Ponte] (1100x02?–1157x69?), logician, was born in Balsham, near Cambridge, on the estate of his father, whose family came from Beauvais in France. About 1120 he left England for Paris, at that time the goal of many young Englishmen who aimed to study the arts and theology. By 1132, the date of publication of his major work, the ...

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Barker, John (fl. c. 1471–1482), logician, is first recorded as a king's scholar at Eton College about 1471, who subsequently entered King's College in 1474, was elected a fellow in 1477, and graduated MA in 1479. His Etonian connection may indicate that he was from the south of ...

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Bate, John (d. 1430), logician and theologian, was, according to Leland, born west of the Severn (perhaps in the Welsh marches), but educated at the Carmelite convent in York. As a Carmelite friar he was a member of the London convent when he was ordained deacon by ...

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Billingham [Bullingham], Richard (fl. c. 1344–c. 1361), logician and theologian, was associated with Merton College, Oxford, as a fellow from c.1344 until c.1361. He held many offices at the college, was sub-warden for several years and is said to have presented to the college library tables on logic and philosophy that he had probably compiled himself; this material does not appear to have survived. He obtained from the university the degrees of MA and BTh. In March 1349, following the election of ...

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Boole, George (1815–1864), mathematician and logician, was born on 2 November 1815 in Lincoln, the eldest of four children of a local tradesman, John Boole (1777–1848), and his wife, Mary Ann (1780–1854). He adopted a love of learning from his father, who was active in the local mechanics' institute, to such an extent that in his teens he was employed as a teacher at schools in ...

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George Boole (1815–1864) by unknown artist, 1847 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

John M. Fletcher

Bricmore, H. (d. 1382?), logician, is alleged by the early seventeenth-century Scottish writer Thomas Dempster to have been a Scot, a canon of Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh, though elsewhere it is asserted that he was an Englishman. Dempster states that Bricmore had been sent to ...

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Bryan, John (b. 1492/3, d. after 1521), logician, was a native of London. His family connections are unknown, but he was acquainted with Pietro Carmeliano, Latin secretary to Henry VII, and may have been his protégé. In 1505 he was sent to Eton College...

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T. F. Henderson

revised by M. C. Curthoys

Buchanan, Robert (1786–1873), logician and playwright, was a cadet of the clan Buchanan. He was born on 16 February 1786 at Trean, Callander, the son of John Buchanan, a farmer. He graduated MA from the University of Glasgow in 1808, where he specially distinguished himself in the philosophy classes. He was for a period tutor in the family of ...

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Burley, John (d. 1332), Carmelite friar and logician, joined the order in Stamford, and studied at Oxford University, where he incepted as DTh. In 1303 he was one of the Carmelite doctors who supported the provincial William Ludlington in his resistance to the decision of the general chapter establishing the Irish and Scottish houses as a separate province. At the provincial chapter in 1305, presided over by two German Carmelites sent by the prior-general, ...

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Carter, Peter (1530?–1590), logician, was born in Lancashire. He attended St John's College, Cambridge, and though he had not met all the formal requirements for either degree, he graduated BA in 1553/4, and proceeded MA in 1557. He had already become a fellow of the college in 1555, thanks to money bequeathed by ...

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Michael J. Fitzgerald

Chilmark, John (d. 1396), logician, was of unknown origins. Almost nothing can be said of his life, except that he had become a fellow of Merton College, Oxford, by 1386, and, that, having been made an MA, he rented schools from Exeter College...

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Coke, Zachary (bap. 1618?), logician and lawyer, was the son of Thomas Coke, of Cornwall; he may have been the Zachary Cocke baptized at St Andrew's, Plymouth, on 27 December 1618. Coke was admitted to Gray's Inn on 28 December 1649. Nothing further is known of his life. His book, ...

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Crakanthorpe, Richard (bap. 1568, d. 1624), Church of England clergyman and logician, was born at Little Strickland, Westmorland, and baptized on 25 January 1568 at Morland, the second son of John Crakanthorpe and Mabel Cowper. He matriculated at Queen's College, Oxford, on 13 December 1583, aged sixteen. According to ...

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Cranston, William (c. 1513–1562), logician, is first recorded at Paris, where he became a regent in arts and then rector of the university. He later returned to his native Scotland, to the University of St Andrews, where he was provost of St Salvator's College...

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Feribrigge, Richard (fl. 1361–1367), logician, was an Oxford MA who became rector of Shelton in Nottinghamshire in 1361, and rector of Cotgrave in the same county in 1367. No other details of his life are known, but his works show that he continued earlier traditions of ...

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A. R. M. Finlayson

revised by Emma Vincent Macleod

Finlayson, James (1758–1808), Church of Scotland minister and university teacher, was born on 2 March 1758 at his family's farm at Nether Cambushenie, Dunblane, Perthshire, the eldest son of William Finlayson. He was educated first at a local school in Kinbuck, then at the grammar school in ...

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Fland [Flanders], Robert (fl. 1335–1370), logician, may have been of Flemish origin. He has left three treatises (Consequentiae, Insolubilia, and Obligationes), preserved in codex 497 of the Stadsbibliothek at Bruges. This manuscript provides most of the very limited information there is concerning ...