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Ainsworth, Robert (1660–1743), lexicographer and schoolmaster, was born in September 1660, probably at Wordsall, which, in the seventeenth century, was a collection of gentlemen's houses, in the parish of Eccles, about 4 miles from Manchester, the location cited by Dr Samuel Patrick in his preface to the second edition of ...

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Aitken, (Adam) Jack (1921–1998), lexicographer and philologist, was born on 19 June 1921 in Edinburgh, the only son and eldest of the three children of Adam Aitken (1896–1958), miner, and his first wife, Alexandrina Sutherland (1896–1931). He was baptized into the Church of Scotland...

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Alexander Gordon

revised by R. D. Smith

Ash, John (1724–1779), lexicographer and grammarian, was born in Stockland, Dorset; the details of his parents are unknown. At first a blacksmith's apprentice, he received encouragement from the minister of Loughwood, near Lyme, in whose parish he had been baptized, and from 1740 he studied for the Baptist ministry under ...

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Bailey, Nathan (bap. 1691, d. 1742), lexicographer and schoolmaster, was baptized on 7 October 1691 in Mill Yard church, a Seventh Day Baptist congregation in Goodman's Fields, Whitechapel, just east of the City of London. His church was opposed to infant baptism and ...

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Barclay, James (fl. 1763–1774), Church of England clergyman and lexicographer, was for many years a curate at All Saints' Church, Edmonton, Middlesex, and a teacher at schools in Goodman's Fields and Tottenham. In 1763 he published What is Meant by Coming to Christ...

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Beck, Cave (bap. 1622, d. 1706), writer on universal language and Church of England clergyman, second son of John Beck, 'pandoxator' or brewer, and Anne Flecher (probably née Cave, and widow of Adam Flecher), was born in the parish of St James's, Clerkenwell...

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Bellows, John Thomas (1831–1902), printer, lexicographer, and archaeologist, born at Carthew House, Church Street, Liskeard, Cornwall, on 18 January 1831, was the elder of the two sons of William Lamb Bellows (1798–1877), schoolmaster, of Bere Regis, Dorset, and his wife, Hannah Stickland (1790–1874)...

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John Thomas Bellows (1831–1902) by H. W. Watson, 1891 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Blount, Thomas (1618–1679), antiquary and lexicographer, was born at Bordesley Park, Worcestershire, the eldest of the three sons and five daughters of Miles Blount (c.1585–1663), gentleman, and his wife, Anne (d. 1669), daughter of William Bustard of Adderbury. Both his parents were from strongly Catholic families and his adherence to the religion was to affect his life profoundly. It is not known where he was first educated, but he did not attend a university, and his choice of a legal training—he entered the ...

Article

A. B. Grosart

revised by Robert Brown

Boag, John (1775–1863), lexicographer, was born at Highgate in the parish of Beith, Ayrshire, on 7 January 1775. He matriculated at the University of Glasgow in 1797, and completed his course with a view to taking orders in the Church of Scotland. However, he joined the body of Independents or Congregationalists who in 1812 formed themselves into the ...

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Bowrey, Thomas (d. 1713), merchant and compiler of the first Malay–English dictionary, is of obscure origins. It may be that he was the son of one Thomas Bowrey of Wapping, Middlesex, mariner, and he was certainly kin to some of the Wapping Bowreys...

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Abel Boyer (1667?–1729) by François Chéreau the elder (after Hans Hysing) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Boyer, Abel (1667?–1729), lexicographer and journalist, was most probably born on 24 June 1667, at Castres in the upper Languedoc, the son of Pierre Boyer, one of the two chief magistrates or consuls of Castres, and Catherine Campdomerc (b. 1651), the eighth child of the marriage of ...

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Ebenezer Cobham Brewer (1810–1897) by George Burnett Esam, c. 1895 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Brewer, Ebenezer Cobham (1810–1897), educationist and lexicographer, was born in Russell Square, Bloomsbury, London, on 2 May 1810, the third of the eleven surviving children of John Sherren Brewer (1775/6–1848), a Norwich schoolmaster, and his second wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Kitton of ...

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Bridges, Thomas (c. 1842–1898), dictionary compiler, missionary, and sheep farmer, was found abandoned, perhaps on a bridge near Bristol, aged about two and a half, and taken to an orphanage, the name of which remains unknown. He was adopted by the Revd George Pakenham Despard...

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Bullokar, John (bap. 1574, d. 1627), physician and lexicographer, was born in St Andrew's parish, Chichester, Sussex, and was baptized there on 8 November 1574, the third of four known children of William Bullokar (c. 1531–1609) and his wife, Elizabeth, née Diggons (...

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Burchfield, Robert William (1923–2004), lexicographer, was born on 27 January 1923 at 58 Pitt Street, Wanganui, New Zealand, the younger son of Frederick Burchfield (1891–1979), formerly a coalminer and subsequently an electricity company employee, and his wife, Mary Lauder, née Blair (1894–1974). His father was born in the village of ...

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Edmund Castell (bap. 1606, d. 1686) by William Faithorne the elder, pubd 1669 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Castell, Edmund (bap. 1606, d. 1686), orientalist and lexicographer, was baptized on 4 January 1606 at East Hatley, Cambridgeshire, the second son of Robert Castell, a man of property and education, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Edmund Alleyn of Hatfield Peverel, Essex...