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Aickin, Joseph (fl. 1693–1705?), grammarian, was, according to the title-page of his English Grammar (1693), a 'Schoolmaster in Fisher-street, near Red Lion Square in Holborn and lately one of the Masters of the Free-School of London-Derry'. An indication of his philosophy appears from the preface statement that English teachers cannot be more respected and better paid 'till it be found that the English Tongue is copious enough of itself, to express every thing and notion' and 'till people do see that it may be perfectly acquired, without being beholden to the Latine' (...

Article

Alexander, Louis George (1932–2002), language teacher and author, was born Elias George Ftyaras on 15 January 1932 at 116 Sutherland Avenue, Maida Vale, London, the son of George Elias Ftyaras (b. c.1909), a Greek doctor who settled permanently in England, and his wife, ...

Article

Anwykyll, John (d. 1487), schoolmaster and grammarian, owned a surname, spelt in several ways, which is probably a variant of the place name Aldwincle in Northamptonshire. Anwykyll is first recorded as a student of grammar at Cambridge University in 1473–4, where he gained permission to graduate as a master of grammar in 1474–5. He next appears at Michaelmas 1483 as master of ...

Article

Alexander Gordon

revised by R. D. Smith

Ash, John (1724–1779), lexicographer and grammarian, was born in Stockland, Dorset; the details of his parents are unknown. At first a blacksmith's apprentice, he received encouragement from the minister of Loughwood, near Lyme, in whose parish he had been baptized, and from 1740 he studied for the Baptist ministry under ...

Article

Jennett Humphreys

revised by Evelyn E. Cowie

Bennet, Thomas (1645–1681), grammarian, was born at Windsor, Berkshire, the son of Henry Bennet of Binfield, Berkshire. He was a queen's scholar at Westminster School. He matriculated as a plebeian at Christ Church, Oxford, on 19 July 1662, was elected a student in the same year, and graduated BA in 1666 and MA on 3 April 1669, whereupon he became corrector at the university press. In 1669 he corrected the proofs of the first book of ...

Article

Bullokar, William (c. 1531–1609), spelling reformer and grammarian, belonged to a landed family from west Sussex, and in three surviving legal documents is styled gentleman. His parents were William Bullokar and Elizabeth Bowyer, of Broadwater, Sussex. William the younger may have been born at ...

Article

Bythner, Victorinus (c. 1605–c. 1670), grammarian and university teacher, was born at Głębowicach in the Sandomierz district of south-eastern Poland, one of several sons of Bartholomäus Bythner (1559/60–1629), a Catholic theologian of Calvinistic beliefs and the author of several influential works highly regarded by European Catholics and protestants alike. The ...

Article

R. C. Christie

revised by S. J. Skedd

Christie, Hugh (1710–1774), schoolmaster and grammarian, was born at Garvock, Kincardineshire, the third son of Alexander Christie, great-uncle of the Unitarian author William Christie. After coming top in the annual entrance competition to King's College, Aberdeen, he entered university as first bursar in 1726; he graduated MA in 1730. He was licensed to preach as a probationer of the ...

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Clemens Scottus [Clemens Scotus] (fl. c. 814–826), grammarian, was an Irish teacher at the court of Louis the Pious (r. 814–40). Born presumably in Ireland in the second half of the eighth century, he joined the band of Scotti peregrini, Irish migrants to ...

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Conches, William de (c. 1085–c. 1154), grammarian and commentator on classical texts, derived from Conches in south-east Normandy. The most important source for his life is the Metalogicon of John of Salisbury, who studied under William between 1138 and 1141. John says that ...

Article

Cornwall [Bryan], John (d. 1349), schoolmaster and grammarian, described himself in his will as 'John Bryan of Cornwall [Cornubia]', making it likely that he originated in that county. He occurs as an inhabitant of Oxford in 1341 and as master of a grammar school there between 1344 and 1349, his school lying between ...

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Dafydd Ddu o Hiraddug (d. in or before 1371), grammarian and poet, was presumably a native of the township of Hiraddug in the parish of Cwm, which was part of the commote of Rhuddlan in the hundred of Tegeingl in north-east Wales. He may have been the boy '...

Article

Gordon Goodwin

revised by I. Gadd

Dugrès [Du Grès], Gabriel (fl. 1631–1643), grammarian, was born at Saumur in France at an unknown date. In his biography of Cardinal Richelieu, Dugrès claimed that his father was born in Angers, while he himself had lived 'at severall times' in Loudon, just to the west of ...

Article

Edern Dafod Aur (fl. 13th–15th cent.), grammarian, is of very uncertain identity. Edern is a not uncommon personal name; the incorrect Edeyrn first appears in 1621. Dosbarth Edern Dafod Aur, a brief discussion attributed to him of the letters of the alphabet and of word-formations, is found in some five manuscripts dating from ...

Article

Einion Offeiriad (d. 1353?), grammarian, is the supposed author of the earliest extant Welsh bardic treatise (‘grammar’). Neither the personal name nor the epithet (which means ‘the Priest’) is uncommon and not all notices of an Einion Offeiriad need refer to the same person, though the concurrence of dates and of localities, together with the literary associations revealed in them, make it inherently probable that most actually do so. ...

Article

Farnaby, Thomas (1574/5–1647), schoolteacher and grammarian, was the son of a London carpenter, also named Thomas, and his wife, Dorothy Foxcroft; he was probably the Thomas Fernabye baptized at St Michael Bassishaw, London, on 21 September 1575. According to Wood, he was a relative of the composer ...

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Fenning, Daniel (1714/15–1767), grammarian and textbook writer, is of unknown parentage. On 3 July 1735 he married Mary Mott (d. 1780) at Great Cornard in Suffolk, and the couple lived at nearby Bures, where Fenning was licensed to teach on 25 October 1740. There were twelve children, of whom seven were born at ...

Article

Fowler, Henry Watson (1858–1933), lexicographer and grammarian, was born on 10 March 1858 at Tonbridge, Kent, the eldest child of the seven sons and one daughter of the Revd Robert Fowler (1820–1879) and his wife, Caroline, née Watson. Robert Fowler (the son of a master carpenter at ...

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Henry Watson Fowler (1858–1933) by unknown photographer © reserved

Article

Garland, John of (b. c. 1195, d. in or after 1258), grammarian, lexicographer, and poet, was born in England, in a place he calls by its Latin name Gingia, perhaps Ginge in the Wantage hundred in Berkshire.

Garland studied at Oxford University under one ...