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Bathe, William (1564–1614), Jesuit and linguistic scholar, was born on Easter Sunday, 2 April 1564, the eldest son of John Bathe (or Bath, d. 1586), of Drumcondra on the outskirts of Dublin, and his wife, Eleanor (d. c.1575), daughter of Jenico Preston, ...

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Beck, Cave (bap. 1622, d. 1706), writer on universal language and Church of England clergyman, second son of John Beck, 'pandoxator' or brewer, and Anne Flecher (probably née Cave, and widow of Adam Flecher), was born in the parish of St James's, Clerkenwell...

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Chamberlain [Chamberlen], Nathaniel (bap. 1612), linguist and physician, was the third son of the barber–surgeon Peter Chamberlen the younger (1572–1626) [see under Chamberlen family] and his wife, Sara, daughter of William Delaune (c. 1530–1611). He was baptized at the French church in ...

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Cheeke, William (fl. 1592–1615?), anagrammatist, is of obscure origin. In his only printed work he identifies himself as ‘Gulielmo Checo Durotrige’ and ‘Guil. Cheeke. Austro-Britannus’, suggesting a connection with southern England, perhaps Dorset. He entered Magdalen Hall, Oxford, at the beginning of 1592 and graduated BA from there on 14 February 1596....

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Corder, Stephen Pit (1918–1990), linguistic scholar, was born on 6 October 1918, at 4 Bootham Terrace, York, the second of the two sons of Philip Corder (b. 1885), schoolmaster, and his wife, Johanna Adriana van der Mersch (b. 1887). His father was English and his mother Dutch. ...

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Crowther, Samuel Ajayi (c. 1807–1891), bishop of western Africa and linguistic scholar, was born of Yoruba parents at Oshogun, in the south-west of Nigeria. Captured in war in 1821 he was sold on 7 April 1822 to a Portuguese slave ship in Lagos...

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Dalgarno, George (c. 1616–1687), writer on language, was 'borne at Old Aberdeen, and bred in the university at New Aberdeen', according to Wood (Wood, Ath. Oxon., 506). No primary documentary evidence has survived concerning his family background. His date of birth, usually given as about 1626 on the basis of ...

Article

Gordon Goodwin

revised by S. J. Skedd

Dyche, Thomas (d. 1722x7), schoolmaster and writer on language, is of unknown origins. He was educated at Ashbourne Free School, Derbyshire, under the Revd William Hardestee, and subsequently took holy orders. He moved to London and in 1708 was keeping a school in ...

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Fenton, Alexander [Sandy] (1929–2012), ethnologist and linguist, was born on 26 June 1929 at 15 Milford Avenue, Shotts, Lanarkshire, the eldest child in the family of three sons and a daughter of Alexander Fenton, crofter and shoemaker, and his wife, Annie Stirling, née...

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Firth, John Rupert (1890–1960), linguistic scholar, was born on 17 June 1890 at Keighley, Yorkshire, the elder son of William Firth, bookkeeper, and his wife, Frances Elizabeth Waller.

John Rupert Firth was educated at Keighley grammar school and the University of Leeds, where he obtained first-class honours in history (1911) and took his MA degree in 1913. He married ...

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Gwynn, (John) Peter Lucius (1916–1999), administrator in India and linguist, was born on 22 June 1916 at 37 Hyde Park Mansions, Marylebone, London, the eldest child and only son of John Tudor Gwynn (1881–1956), a member of the Indian Civil Service, and his wife, ...

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Harrison, Robert (1714/15–1802), natural philosopher and linguist, son of Robert Harrison, was born in Durham, where he was baptized on 1 March 1715 at St Nicholas's Church. He was a king's scholar at Durham School, practised law in Yarm, and married Anne Hett (1716/17–1799)...

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Hennessy, William Maunsell [Uilliam Ua hAonghusa] (1828/9–1889), linguistic scholar, was born at Castlegregory, co. Kerry, and was educated privately, passing his early youth with a maternal uncle, Dr Finn. A native speaker of Irish and English, he received a grounding in the classics, and later exhibited knowledge of German and French. He spent some years in the ...

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Higgins, John (b. c. 1544, d. in or before 1620), poet and linguist, was a student at Christ Church, Oxford (according to Thomas Hearne), though his name does not appear in the university register. From about the age of twenty he began to 'learne the tongues' (...

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Hollyband, Claudius (1534/5–1597), linguist and writer, was born Claude de Sainliens (or Desainliens) in the Bourbonnais in central France, possibly in the city of Moulins. Nothing is known of his early life before he settled in England in 1564 or 1565 as a Huguenot refugee. A consummate self-publicist, he adapted extremely well to Elizabethan ...

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Krapf, (Johann) Ludwig (1810–1881), linguist of Swahili and first protestant missionary in east Africa, was born on 11 January 1810 at Derendingen near Tübingen, in the kingdom of Württemberg, the youngest of four children of Johann Jakob Krapf (1773–1846), peasant farmer, and his wife, ...

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See Lee, William

Image

John Leyden (1775–1811) by Captain Elliot, 1811 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

T. W. Bayne

revised by Richard Maxwell

Leyden, John (1775–1811), linguist and poet, was born on 8 September 1775 at Denholm, in the parish of Cavers, near Hawick, Roxburghshire, the son of John Leyden and Isabella Scott. A year later his parents took over a farm 3 miles away in ...

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Lodwick, Francis (bap. 1619, d. 1694), linguistic scholar, was baptized in the London Dutch church, his birth being registered on 8 August 1619 at St Nicholas Acons, London. His parents, Waldrave Lodwick and Judith Roussel, had been married in the French church, London...