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Ellis [formerly Sharpe], Alexander John (1814–1890), phonetician and mathematician, was born Alexander John Sharpe in Hoxton, London, on 14 June 1814, the elder of the two sons of James Birch Sharpe (bap. 1789) and his wife, Ann Ellis. They first sent him to a private boarding-school at ...

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Alexander John Ellis (1814–1890) by Naudin & Co., 1886 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Harrison, Robert (1714/15–1802), natural philosopher and linguist, son of Robert Harrison, was born in Durham, where he was baptized on 1 March 1715 at St Nicholas's Church. He was a king's scholar at Durham School, practised law in Yarm, and married Anne Hett (1716/17–1799)...

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Robert Hunter (1823–1897) by G. Haworth by permission of the Geological Society of London

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Hunter, Robert (1823–1897), Free Church of Scotland missionary, geologist, and lexicographer, was born at Newburgh, Fife, on 3 September 1823, son of John Hunter, a clerk of the Inland Revenue and a native of Wigtownshire, and his wife, Agnes Strickland of Ulverston, Lancashire...

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Jhones, Basset (b. 1613/14), physician, chemist, and grammarian, was the son of Richard Jones (c.1581–1658) of Michaelston-super-Ely, Glamorgan, and Jane, daughter of Thomas Basset, of Miskin, Glamorgan. His father was the son of John ap George (d. 1631) of Llantryddyd...

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Lhuyd [Lhwyd; formerly Lloyd], Edward (1659/60?–1709), naturalist and philologist, was born in the parish of Loppington, Shropshire, the illegitimate son of Edward Lloyd (1635–1681) of Llanforda, Oswestry, and Bridget Pryse of Glanfred, Tal-y-bont, Cardiganshire, the second daughter of Thomas Pryse of Gogerddan...

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Sharpe, Daniel (1806–1856), geologist and philologist, was born on 6 April 1806 at Nottingham Place, Marylebone, Middlesex, the youngest son of Sutton Sharpe (1756–1806), brewer, and his second wife, Maria (d. 1806), sister of the poet Samuel Rogers (1783–1855). Orphaned before his first birthday (his mother died on 22 April 1806, his father on 26 September), he was looked after in ...

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Daniel Sharpe (1806–1856) by Maull & Polyblank, 1855 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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John Bradbury Sykes (1929–1993) by Peter Thevnor © News International Newspapers Ltd

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Sykes, John Bradbury (1929–1993), physicist, lexicographer, and crossword solver, was born in Folkestone, Kent, on 26 January 1929, the only child of Stanley William Sykes, a borough treasurer, and his wife, Eleanor Sykes Sykes (née Bradbury). He was educated at Wallasey grammar school...