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Abernethy family (per. c. 1260–c. 1465), landowners, is of obscure origins, but was certainly a native Scottish family rather than of Norman descent. Orm of Abernethy was a grandson of Gillemichael, earl of Fife in the early twelfth century, and in the 1170s he received confirmation from ...

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See Abernethy family

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Allen, William (1704–1780), landowner and politician in America, was born on 5 August 1704 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to William Allen (d. c.1725), merchant, and his wife, known only by her maiden name, Budd. They were Presbyterians from Dungannon, Tyrone, to whom ...

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Richard Arkwright (1755–1843) by Ramsay Richard Reinagle, 1813 Christie's Images Ltd. (2004)

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Arkwright, Richard (1755–1843), cotton manufacturer and landowner, was born on 19 December 1755 at Bolton, Lancashire, the only son of Sir Richard Arkwright (1732–1792), cotton manufacturer, and his wife, Patience (d. 1756), daughter of Robert Holt. In 1780 he married Mary (...

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Ashton, Sir John (c. 1354–c. 1398), soldier and landowner, was the son and heir of Sir John Ashton (d. c.1360) of Ashton under Lyne, Lancashire, and of Margaret, a daughter of Robert del Leigh of Adlington, Cheshire. His mother's second marriage, to ...

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J. E. Bailey

revised by Joanna Moody

Assheton, Nicholas (1590–1625), landowner, was the second son of Richard Assheton of Downham, near Clitheroe, Lancashire, and Margaret Hilton. He belonged to a branch of the Assheton family of Middleton, in the same county. He was probably educated at Clitheroe grammar school; he married ...

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Aucher, Sir Anthony (d. 1558), administrator and landowner, was the only surviving son and heir of James Aucher (d. 1509), gentleman, of Otterden, Kent, and his wife, Alice Hill. The father, a son and heir of John and Margaret Aucher, was the successful head of a minor gentry family who bequeathed much of his estate to the church. In his will of 1 January 1509 he entrusted his son to ...

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Bacon, Sir Edmund Castell, thirteenth baronet and fourteenth baronet (1903–1982), landowner, was born on 18 March 1903 at 18 Cadogan Square, London, the only son and fifth of six children of Sir Nicholas Henry Bacon, twelfth and thirteenth baronet (1857–1947), of Raveningham Hall, Norfolk...

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See Bacon, Sir Nathaniel

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George Baillie of Jerviswood (1664–1738) by William Aikman, 1717 in a private Scottish collection

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Baillie, George, of Jerviswood (1664–1738), landowner and politician, born on 16 March 1664 at Jerviswood Tower, Lanarkshire, was the eldest child of Robert Baillie (d. 1684) and of his wife and cousin Rachel Johnston (d. 1697), daughter of the Presbyterian martyr Sir Archibald Johnston, ...

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Ballon [Baalun], Sir Roger de (d. 1225), landowner, was probably connected to the minor Herefordshire baronial family of Ballon, but the exact nature of the relationship is obscure. He appears to have been a minor landowner in Hampshire; if, as seems likely, he was related to the ...

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Bankes [née Hawtrey], Mary, Lady Bankes (d. 1661), royalist landholder, was the only daughter and an heir of Ralph Hawtrey (1570–1638) and his wife, Mary Altham (1578–1647). The Hawtreys claimed Norman descent and established themselves in Ruislip, Middlesex, in the sixteenth century. In 1618 she married ...

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Bardolf, Thomas, fifth Baron Bardolf (1369–1408), landowner and rebel, was born at Birling, Kent, on 22 December 1369, the son of William, fourth Baron Bardolf (1349–1386), and his wife, Agnes (d. 1403), the daughter of Michael Poynings, first Lord Poynings (c. 1318–1369)...

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Barnewall, Sir Patrick (d. 1622), landowner, was the eldest son of Sir Christopher Barnewall of Turvey, Gracedieu, and Fieldstown, and Marion, daughter of Patrick Sherle (Cherle) of Shallon, co. Meath. The grandson of Sir Patrick Barnewall, solicitor-general of Ireland, he inherited in 1575 the greatest patrimony in the pale comprising extensive holdings in ...

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Barnewall, Robert, styled twelfth Baron Trimleston (c. 1704–1779), landowner and Roman Catholic activist, was the eldest son of John Barnewall, styled eleventh Baron Trimleston (1672–1746), and his wife, Mary, or Margaret (d. 1771), daughter and heir of Sir John Barnewall. Descended from an Anglo-Norman family whose estates in the counties of ...

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Barnham, Sir Francis (bap. 1576, d. 1646?), local politician and landowner, was baptized at Hollingbourne, Kent, on 20 October 1576, the eldest son of Martin Barnham of Hollingbourne (1547×50–1610) and his first wife, Ursula (d. 1579), daughter of Robert Rudston of Boughton Monchelsea...

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Barry, Philip of (d. c. 1199), landholder, was a son of William of Barry, lord of Manorbier (Pembrokeshire), and Angharad, daughter of Gerald of Windsor, castellan of Pembroke, and Nest, daughter of Rhys ap Tewdwr, king of Deheubarth (south Wales). Robert of Barry...

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Francis Basset, Baron de Dunstanville and first Baron Basset (1757–1835) by Thomas Gainsborough, c. 1786 in the collection of the Corcoran Gallery of Art, William A. Clark