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Baines, Thomas (1806–1881), journalist, newspaper proprietor, and local historian, was born in Leeds, the third son of Edward Baines (1774–1848) and Charlotte Talbot, and younger brother of Matthew Talbot Baines and Sir Edward Baines. Both his father and brother represented Leeds in parliament...

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Thomas Baines (1806–1881) by unknown engraver, pubd 1868 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Baker, George (1781–1851), county historian, the son of Richard Baker and his wife, Ann, was born in Northampton and lived there all his life. As a thirteen-year-old schoolboy at Mr Comfield's establishment in Horsemarket, Northampton, he wrote a manuscript history of Northampton and a life of ...

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Barley, Maurice Willmore (1909–1991), archaeologist and local historian, was born at 52 Lindum Avenue, Lincoln, on 19 August 1909, the son of Levi Baldwin Barley (1885–1971), a worker in a local engineering firm, and his wife, Alice, née Willmore (1886–1968). Both parents were working class. However, his was the sort of Edwardian working-class background in which education played an important part. It included attendance at university extension lectures and tutorial classes of the ...

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Maurice Willmore Barley (1909–1991) by Simon I. Hill York Archaeological Trust for Excavation and Research Ltd; photograph by Simon I. Hill

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Benson, Robert (1797–1844), judge and local historian of Salisbury, was born in the cathedral close, Salisbury, on 5 February 1797, the youngest son of the Revd Edmund Benson (d. 1835), vicar of Salisbury Cathedral, and his wife, Anne Hunt Grubbe. He was educated at a private school in ...

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Blackner, John (1770?–1816), radical and county historian, was born in Ilkeston, Derbyshire. He served an apprenticeship to a stocking maker in his native town, and there married Sarah, née Brown, sister of a 'respectable' farmer in Kirk Hallam, Derbyshire, with whom he had four sons and three daughters. Illiterate at the time of his marriage, he taught himself to read and write soon after moving to ...

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Blore, Thomas (1764–1818), county historian, was born in Ashbourne, Derbyshire, on 1 December 1764, the son of John Blore and his wife, Elizabeth, and educated at Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School in Ashbourne. He married Margaret (1761–1791), daughter of John and Martha Blore, also of ...

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Bridges, John (bap. 1666, d. 1724), county historian, was baptized at Binfield, Berkshire, on 24 June 1666. He was the eldest of the twelve children of John Bridges (1642–1712), squire of Barton Seagrave in Northamptonshire, and his wife, Elizabeth (1642–1712), daughter of William Trumbull...

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John Bridges (bap. 1666, d. 1724) by George Vertue, 1726 (after Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1706) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Butterworth, James [pseud. Paul Bobbin] (1771–1837), poet and local historian, was born on 28 August 1771 at Pitses in the hamlet of Alt, Ashton under Lyne, the youngest of eleven children of James Butterworth and his wife, Jane, née Ogden, both hand-loom weavers. ...

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Calder, James Traill (1794–1864), local historian, was born on 18 October 1794 at Olrig, near Castletown, Caithness, the son of George Calder, gardener to James Traill of Ratter, and his wife, Janet Reid. Calder lost the use of one of his limbs at the age of four. He was educated in the parish schools of ...

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Walter Chetwynd (1633–1693) by Sir Peter Lely by permission of Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Chetwynd, Walter (1633–1693), county historian, was born on 9 May 1633, the son of Walter Chetwynd (1597/8–1669) of Ingestre, Staffordshire, and his wife, Frances (1605/6–1686), daughter and heir of Edward Hesilrigge of Arthingworth, Northamptonshire, and Theddingworth, Leicestershire. He was a descendant of a younger branch of the ...

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Clutterbuck, Robert (1772–1831), local historian and landowner, was born and baptized at Watford House, High Street, Watford, in Hertfordshire, on 28 January 1772. He was the eldest surviving son of Thomas Clutterbuck the younger (1744–1791) and Sarah Thurgood (1749–1788), daughter of Robert and ...

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Robert Clutterbuck (1772–1831) by William Bond (after William Henry Hunt, c. 1815) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cremer, Robert Wyndham Ketton- (1906–1969), biographer and county historian, was the elder son of a Norfolk squire, Wyndham Ketton-Cremer (1870–1933) of Beeston, and his wife, Emily (1882–1952), daughter of Robert Bayly, timber merchant. Born on 2 May 1906, at his mother's family home in ...

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Fleming, David Hay (1849–1931), antiquary and writer on Scottish history, was born at St Andrews on 9 May 1849, the third and youngest son of John Fleming, china and stoneware merchant, of St Andrews, whose ancestors were from Deeside, and his wife, Ann...

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David Hay Fleming (1849–1931) by Andrew Swan Watson, 1925 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Gough, Richard (bap. 1635, d. 1723), local historian, was born in Newton on the Hill in the parish of Myddle, Shropshire, and baptized on 18 January 1635, the son of Richard Gough and his wife, Dorothy Jenks, formerly of Cockshutt. He was the fifth ...