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Aston, Trevor Henry (1925–1985), historian and editor, was born at 24 Gowan Avenue, Fulham, London, on 14 June 1925, the first child of Oliver John Aston (1899–1969), an ironmonger's assistant, and his wife, Florence May Woods (1900–1986). Soon after the birth of Trevor's...

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Aylmer, Gerald Edward (1926–2000), historian, was born on 30 April 1926 at Stoke Court, Greete, Shropshire, the only child of Captain Edward Arthur Aylmer (1892–1974), naval officer, and his wife, (Gwladys) Phoebe, née Evans (1891–1968). On his father's side he was descended from a distinguished Anglo-Irish family with strong naval connections, and there were two admirals on his mother's side. He was educated at ...

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Banks, Joseph Ambrose [Joe] (1920–2005), sociologist and historian, was born at 66 Montague Road, Edmonton, Middlesex, on 5 January 1920, the only child of Joseph William Banks, a boot and shoe dealer who later became a master tailor, and his wife, Louisa Mary Ann, ...

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Edward Spencer Beesly (1831–1915) by Barraud © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Beesly, Edward Spencer (1831–1915), positivist and historian, was born on 23 January 1831 in Feckenham, Worcestershire, the eldest son of the Revd James Beesly and his wife, Emily Fitzgerald, of Queen's county, Ireland. After reading Latin and Greek with his father, in the autumn of 1846 he was sent to ...

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Boxer, Charles Ralph (1904–2000), historian, was born in Sandown, Isle of Wight, on 8 March 1904, the second son of Hugh Edward Richard Boxer (1871–1915), army officer, and his wife, Jane, née Patterson (1876–1929). Educated at Wellington College (1918–21) and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst...

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Brunt, Peter Astbury (1917–2005), ancient historian, was born on 23 June 1917, at 16 Highfield Road, Coulsdon, Surrey, the only child of Samuel Brunt, Wesleyan Methodist minister, and his wife, Gladys Eileen, née Blewett. He was educated at Ipswich School, and won an open scholarship in history to ...

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Henry Thomas Buckle (1821–1862) by Mayall & Co., 1850s © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Buckle, Henry Thomas (1821–1862), historian, was born on 24 November 1821 at Lee in Kent, the son of Thomas Henry Buckle (1779–1840), partner in a London shipping firm, and his wife, Jane Middleton (d. 1859) of Yorkshire. He had two sisters. Originally from ...

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Bury, John Bagnell (1861–1927), classical scholar and historian, was born in co. Monaghan, Ireland, on 16 October 1861. His father, the Revd Edward John Bury, curate of Monaghan, subsequently rector of Clontibert and canon of Clogher, had married Anna Rogers of Monaghan, '...

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John Bagnell Bury (1861–1927) by Walter Stoneman, 1919 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Charlot [née Huber], Monica (1933–2005), historian and political scientist, was born at 6 Maitland Park Villas, St Pancras, London, on 31 May 1933, the second of three children of Joseph Jacob (Jack) Huber, consular official, and his wife, Doris May, née Fickling...

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Cobban, Alfred Bert Carter (1901–1968), historian, was born on 24 May 1901 at 40 Oakley Crescent, Chelsea, London, the only son of Robert Cobban, a furniture salesman employed by the Army and Navy Stores, and his wife, Edith Frances, née Carter. A quiet, studious boy, he won scholarships to ...

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Deutscher, Isaac (1907–1967), biographer and historian, was born in Chrzanow, near Cracow, Galicia, in Austro-Hungarian Poland on 3 April 1907, the eldest among the three children of Jacob Kopel Deutscher, who owned his own printing business, and his second wife, Gustawa, née Jolles...

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Finley, Sir Moses I. (1912–1986), historian and sociologist, was born in New York on 20 May 1912, the eldest in the family of three sons and one daughter of Nathan Finkelstein, mechanical engineer, of New York, and his wife, Anna Katzenellenbogen. In October 1946 he followed his brothers and changed his name to ...

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Herbert Albert Laurens Fisher (1865–1940) by Olive Edis, c. 1930 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Fisher, Herbert Albert Laurens (1865–1940), historian and politician, was born at 3 Onslow Square, London, on 21 March 1865.

In his posthumously published Unfinished Autobiography Fisher...

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Fryer, Peter James (1927–2006), journalist and historian, was born on 18 February 1927 at Hull Maternity Home, Cottingham, Sculcoates, Yorkshire, the only child of Cyril Fryer, master mariner, of 285 Beverley Road, Hull, and his wife, Elsie Frances, née Gill, legal secretary. His father had been born in ...

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John Richard Green (1837–1883) by Frederick Sandys, 1882 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Green, John Richard (1837–1883), historian, was born on 12 December 1837 at 5 St John's Street, Oxford, the second of the four children of Richard Green (1799–1852), maker of silk gowns for fellows, and his wife, Rachel Hurdis Green (1801–1881).