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Banks, Joseph Ambrose [Joe] (1920–2005), sociologist and historian, was born at 66 Montague Road, Edmonton, Middlesex, on 5 January 1920, the only child of Joseph William Banks, a boot and shoe dealer who later became a master tailor, and his wife, Louisa Mary Ann, ...

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Banks [née Davies], Olive Lucy (1923–2006), sociologist, historian, and feminist, was born at 10 Riley Road, Enfield Highway, Middlesex, on 2 July 1923, the only child of Herbert Alfred Davies, a house decorator, and later builder and contractor, and his wife, Jessie Louise, ...

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Beer, Esmond Samuel de (1895–1990), historian and benefactor, was born on 15 September 1895 in Dunedin, South Island, New Zealand, the second son and fourth and youngest child of Isidore Samuel de Beer (1860–1934), merchant, and his wife, Emily (1864–1930), daughter of Bendix Hallenstein...

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Carlyle, Alexander James (1861–1943), historian and social reformer, was born in Bombay on 24 July 1861, the second of three children and younger son of the Revd James Edward Carlyle (1821–1893), minister of the Free Church of Scotland in Bombay, and his wife, ...

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Clay, Rotha Mary (1878–1961), historian and social worker, was born at the vicarage, Child's Hill, Hendon, Middlesex, on 17 September 1878, one of twelve children of John Harden Clay (1848–1923), vicar of All Saints' Church, Child's Hill, and his wife, Alice Spencer, née...

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Louise Hume Creighton (1850–1936) by Glyn Philpot, 1918 © Estate of Glyn Philpot

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Creighton [née von Glehn], Louise Hume (1850–1936), social activist and writer of popular history and biography, was born on 7 July 1850 at Peak Hill Lodge, Sydenham, on the outskirts of London, tenth child of Robert William von Glehn (1801–1885) and Agnes Duncan (...

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Eckenstein, Lina Dorina Johanna (1857–1931), feminist polymath and cultural historian, was born on 23 September 1857 at 17 St George's Villas, Islington, London, the daughter of Frederick Gottlieb Eckenstein (1820/21–1891), a German businessman, and his wife, Julie Amalie Antonia Helmke (1830/31–1921). One of six children, her younger brother was the mountaineer ...

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Eden, Sir Frederick Morton, second baronet (1766–1809), insurance company manager and writer on the state of the poor, was born at Ashtead, Surrey, the eldest son of Sir Robert Eden (created a baronet in 1776), governor of Maryland, and grandson of Sir Robert Eden, ...

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Finley, Sir Moses I. (1912–1986), historian and sociologist, was born in New York on 20 May 1912, the eldest in the family of three sons and one daughter of Nathan Finkelstein, mechanical engineer, of New York, and his wife, Anna Katzenellenbogen. In October 1946 he followed his brothers and changed his name to ...

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Fitch, Marcus Felix Brudenell [Marc] (1908–1994), historian and philanthropist, was born on 5 January 1908 at 43 Campden House Court, Kensington, London, the only child of Hugh Bernard Fitch (1873–1962), provision merchant, and his wife, Bertha Violet, née James. His family, of long descent in ...

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Fox, Levi (1914–2006), historian and conservationist, was born on 28 August 1914 at Woolrooms, Worthington, Leicestershire, the sixth of seven children of John William Fox, coalminer, and his wife, Julia Sophia, née Stinson. He was educated at Ashby-de-la-Zouch grammar school before proceeding in 1933, with scholarships, to ...

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Gayre [formerly Gair], George Robert (1907–1996), racial theorist and specialist in heraldry, was born George Robert Gair at 4 Woodland Villas, Rathmines, Dublin, on 6 August 1907, the son of Robert William Gair (d. 1957) and his wife, Clara, née Hull...

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Hayden, Mary Teresa (1862–1942), historian and campaigner for women's causes, was born in Dublin on 19 May 1862, the daughter of Thomas Hayden (1823–1881), physician, and his wife, Mary Anne Ryan (d. 1873). Thomas Hayden was born in Parsonsville, co. Tipperary, the son of a Protestant father and a Catholic mother. The children of that marriage were brought up in the Roman Catholic faith, and after completing his medical training ...

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Hill [née Sutton], Bridget Irene (1922–2002), historian and feminist, was born on 15 April 1922 at Devon Nook, Barrowgate Road, Brentford, Middlesex, the youngest daughter of Harry Herbert Sutton, Baptist minister, and his wife, Nellie Isabel, née Horlick, both of 22 Blandford Road, Acton...

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Hill, Georgiana (1858–1924), historian and women's rights activist, was born at 9 Mount View, Lambeth, London, on 8 December 1858, the younger daughter of George Hill (1822–1897), a master printer, journalist, and newspaper proprietor, and his wife, Emily, née Kitson (1815–1894). Her father was founder and editor of a local newspaper, the ...

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W. A. Shaw

revised by Shona MacLean Vance

Johnston, Robert (c. 1567–1639), historian and philanthropist, the son of an Edinburgh burgess, was born about 1567, either in Edinburgh or some part of Annandale. He attended Edinburgh University, graduating MA in 1587. He was described in later life as doctor of civil and canon law, a degree which he may have obtained at ...

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Jones [née Savage], Kathleen [Kay] (1922–2010), historian and scholar of social policy, was born on 7 April 1922 at the Royal Free Hospital, St Pancras, London, the daughter of William Robert Thomas Savage, a furnisher's porter, and later a groundsman, and his wife, ...

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Long, Edward (1734–1813), planter and commentator on Jamaican affairs, was born on 23 August 1734 at Rosilion, St Blazey, Cornwall, the fourth son of Samuel Long (1700–1757) of Longville, Jamaica, Tredudwell, Cornwall, and Bloomsbury, London, and Mary (bap. 1701, d. 1765), second daughter and coheir of ...

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See Knoydart, Seven Men of