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Aaronson, Lazarus (1895–1966), poet and educationist, was born at 34 Great Pearl Street, Spitalfields, London, on 18 February 1895, the son of Louis Aaronson, master bootmaker, and his wife, Sarah, née Kowalski. His parents were impoverished Jewish immigrants from Vilna in the Pale...

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See Cohen, Sir Bernard Nathaniel Waley-, first baronet

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Essinger, Anna (1879–1960), educationist, was born on 15 September 1879 in Ulm, Germany, the eldest of nine children of Leopold Essinger (1853–1934), a Jewish insurance agent, and his wife, Fanny Oppenheimer (1858–1942). She attended school in Ulm until 1893. In 1899 she went to live with an aunt in ...

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Franklin [née Montagu], Henrietta [Netta] (1866–1964), educationist and suffragist, was born on 9 April 1866 in London, the first of the eleven surviving children of Samuel Montagu, later first Baron Swaythling (1832–1911), foreign-exchange banker and Jewish philanthropist, and his wife, Ellen Cohen (1848–1919)...

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Kurt Matthias Robert Martin Hahn (1886–1974) by Howard Coster, 1938 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hahn, Kurt Matthias Robert Martin (1886–1974), educationist, was born in Berlin on 5 June 1886, the second of four sons (there was no daughter) of Oskar Hahn, a businessman in the steel industry, and his wife, Charlotte Landau, who was of Polish origin. After secondary education at the ...

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Hartog, Sir Philip Joseph (1864–1947), educationist, was born in London on 2 March 1864, the third son of Alphonse Hartog (c.1815–1904) and his wife, Marion (c.1821–1907), née Moss. The family was poor but its members were distinguished. Alphonse Hartog...

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Hertz, Fanny (1830–1908), educationist, was born in Hanover, Germany, the elder of two daughters (there were also two sons) of Bram Hertz (1793/4-1865), and his wife Amelia (1808/9-1892). Her father was a diamond merchant, who settled in London in 1837, where he was a dealer and collector of pictures and objects of virtu at his premises in ...

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Hans Zacharias Hoxter (1909–2002) by unknown photographer private collection

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Hoxter, Hans Zacharias (1909–2002), social worker and educationist, was born on 3 March 1909 in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, the younger child and only son of Julius Hoxter (d. 1944) and his wife, Maria. His parents were both German Jews and educationists: his mother was the first woman teacher in a ...

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Kandel, Isaac Leon (1881–1965), educationist, was born in Romania, the son of Abraham Kandel, a velvet merchant, and his wife, Fanny. The family moved to Manchester when he was a child, and he attended Manchester grammar school from 1892 to 1899. He won a university scholarship and studied classics at ...

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Kogan, Maurice (1930–2007), civil servant and scholar of education and public policy, was born Maurice Cohen on 10 April 1930 at 48 Stephens Road, West Ham, London. He and his identical twin, Philip, were the youngest of five boys and one girl of ...

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Lawrence, Esther Ella (1862–1944), educationist, was born in 1862 in New York, the second daughter and third of the nine children of John M. Lawrence (b. c.1827), a merchant, and his wife, Emily (b. c.1833). Her father was English and her mother came from ...

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Leitner [formerly Sapier], Gottlieb Wilhelm (1840–1899), educationist and orientalist, was born at Pest, Hungary, on 15 September 1840. His name at birth, which was registered with the Jewish community of Pest, was Gottlieb Sapier. He was the only son (there was a younger daughter) of ...

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Sir Philip Magnus, first baronet (1842–1933) by Lafayette, 1927 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Magnus, Sir Philip, first baronet (1842–1933), educationist and politician, was born on 7 October 1842 at 160 High Holborn, London, the second of the five children of Jacob Magnus (1805–1888), a tailor and later a wine merchant, and his wife, Caroline Barnett (1808/9–1894)...

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Oven, Joshua van (1766–1838), surgeon and educationist, was born in London, the son of Abraham van Oven (d. 1778), physician, who according to family tradition was of Spanish descent. He had settled in London from Holland shortly after qualifying at Leiden in 1759. Both were Hebrew scholars and each in turn combined private medical practice with service as honorary medical officer to the poor of the ...

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Pappworth [formerly Papperovitch], Maurice Henry (1910–1994), medical ethicist and educationist, was born on 9 January 1910 at 27 Pleasant Street, Liverpool, the second child in the family of three sons and six daughters of (Isaac) Jacob Papperovitch (d. 1960), master tailor, who changed his name to ...

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Pyke, Geoffrey Nathaniel Joseph (1893–1948), educationist and inventor, was born at 19 Phillimore Gardens, Kensington, London, on 10 December 1893, the eldest son of Lionel Edward Pyke QC (1854–1899), a barrister at the Admiralty bar who stood unsuccessfully as a Gladstonian Liberal parliamentary candidate for ...

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Rosen, Harold (1919–2008), educationist, was born on 25 June 1919 in Brockton, Massachusetts, USA, the only son and third child of Morris (Moshe) Rosen (1878–1950), shoe worker and trade unionist, and his wife, Rose, née Hyams (1882–1956), a disabled garment worker and communist activist. His parents were both Jewish; his father was born in ...