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Armitage [née Bulley], Ella Sophia (1841–1931), historian and archaeologist, was born in Mason Street, West Derby, Liverpool, on 3 March 1841, the second daughter in the family of four sons and ten daughters of Samuel Marshall Bulley JP (1811–1880), a cotton broker of ...

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Babington, (Charles) Cardale (1808–1895), botanist and archaeologist, was born on 23 November 1808, at Ludlow, Shropshire, the son of Joseph Babington (1768–1826), at that time a physician, and Catherine, daughter of John Whitter of Bradninch, Devon. The historian Lord Macaulay was his first cousin. His father having taken holy orders, ...

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Bateman, Thomas (bap. 1821, d. 1861), archaeologist and antiquary, was baptized on 8 November 1821 at Rowsley, Derbyshire, the only child of William Bateman (1787–1835), antiquary, of Middleton by Youlgreave, Derbyshire, and his wife, Mary (d. 1822), daughter of James Crompton...

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Bellows, John Thomas (1831–1902), printer, lexicographer, and archaeologist, born at Carthew House, Church Street, Liskeard, Cornwall, on 18 January 1831, was the elder of the two sons of William Lamb Bellows (1798–1877), schoolmaster, of Bere Regis, Dorset, and his wife, Hannah Stickland (1790–1874)...

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John Thomas Bellows (1831–1902) by H. W. Watson, 1891 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bennett [née Rawlings], Crystal-Margaret (1918–1987), archaeologist, was born on 20 August 1918 in Alderney, the third of five children of George Rawlings, a soldier, and his wife Elizabeth (née Jennings). Educated at La Retraite Convent School and then Bristol University, where she received a bachelor's degree in English, she married ...

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Bicknell, Clarence (1842–1918), archaeologist and botanist, the youngest son of Elhanan Bicknell (1788–1861), financier and art patron, and his third wife, Lucinda Sarah (1801–1850), sister of Hablot Knight Browne, was born at Herne Hill, Surrey, on 27 October 1842. Herman Bicknell, orientalist and traveller, was his brother. ...

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E. S. Bosanquet

revised by David Gill

Bosanquet, Robert Carr (1871–1935), archaeologist, was born on 7 June 1871 in London where his father, Charles Bertie Pulleine Bosanquet (1834–1905), of Rock Hall, near Alnwick, the eldest brother of the philosopher Bernard Bosanquet, was then acting as honorary secretary to the recently formed ...

Article

Thompson Cooper

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Brayley, Edward Wedlake (1773–1854), topographer and archaeologist, born in Lambeth, London, was apprenticed to one of the most eminent enamellers in London. While an apprentice he met John Britton. They both had literary and artistic aspirations, and longed to be free of their existing trades. They formed a close friendship, which lasted for sixty-five years, and collaborated to produce illustrated volumes on topographical subjects. They began their literary partnership with a song called ...

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Adela Catherine Breton (1849–1923) by unknown photographer [with her manservant Pablo Solorio] Department of Archaeology, University of Bristol; photograph © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Breton, Adela Catherine (1849–1923), archaeologist, was born in Paddington, London, on 31 December 1849, the daughter of William Breton (1799–1887), naval officer, and Elizabeth d'Arch (1820–1874), who married in 1844 and had in addition to Adela a younger son, Harry. When she was very young the family settled at ...

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Brodrick, Mary (1858–1933), archaeologist, was born at 18 Navarino Terrace, Dalston Lane, Hackney, London, on 5 April 1858, the eldest child in the family of at least three daughters and two sons of Thomas Brodrick (b.1825/6), solicitor, and his wife, Mary Smith Haviside (...

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J. D. Duff

revised by M. C. Curthoys

Burn, Robert (1829–1904), classical scholar and archaeologist, was born at Kynnersley, Shropshire, on 22 October 1829, the second son of Andrew Burn (1790/91–1874), rector of Kynnersley, and his second wife, Mary Harris. He entered Shrewsbury School under B. H. Kennedy in 1843 and ...

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Carrington, Samuel (bap. 1798, d. 1870), geologist and archaeologist, was born at Wetton, Staffordshire, where he was baptized on 25 November 1798, the son of Samuel Carrington (1772/3–1840), leader of a team of miners (‘copers’) in the duke of Devonshire's copper mines at ...

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Chitty, Lily Frances (1893–1979), archaeologist and antiquary, was born on 20 March 1893 at Lewdown, Devon, the first of three children of the Revd James Charles Martin Chitty (1865–1938) and his wife, Gwen Ethlin Georgiana (1861–1933), daughter of Henry Jones of Binnum Binnum, South Australia...

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Chrysostomides, Iouliane [Julian] (1928–2008), Byzantine scholar and teacher, was born in Constantinople on 21 April 1928 (two years before the city was renamed Istanbul), the daughter of Chrysostomos Chrysostomides, a Cappadocian entrepreneur, and his wife, Victoria, née Rizas, a Phanariot from whom she inherited her sensitivity, perseverance, and love of beauty, and who remained a major influence in her life. She was educated at the ...

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Iouliane Chrysostomides (1928–2008) by unknown photographer, 1963 Hellenic Institute, Royal Holloway College

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See Clark, George Sidney Roberts Kitson

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W. W. Wroth

revised by Nilanjana Banerji

Combe, Taylor (1774–1826), numismatist and archaeologist, was the eldest son of Dr Charles Combe (1743–1817), the physician and numismatist, and his wife, Arthey Taylor (d. 1799). He was educated at Harrow School and at Oriel College, Oxford, where he matriculated on 18 October 1791, graduated BA on 5 June 1795, and proceeded MA on 10 July 1798. ...

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Conyers, John (c. 1633–1694), apothecary and archaeologist, was the eldest son of Edward Conyers (b. 1590) and his wife, Jane Clarke. The parents had married in London in January 1632 at the church of St Faith, the ruins of which lie under ...