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Artis, Edmund Tyrell (bap. 1789, d. 1847), geologist and archaeologist, was baptized on 11 September 1789 in Saxmundham, Suffolk, the eldest in the family of three sons and three daughters of James Artis, carpenter, and his wife, Mary Tyrell Watling. Little is known of his childhood, though it is said he developed a talent for drawing at an early age. At sixteen he went to work for his uncle, a ...

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Babington, (Charles) Cardale (1808–1895), botanist and archaeologist, was born on 23 November 1808, at Ludlow, Shropshire, the son of Joseph Babington (1768–1826), at that time a physician, and Catherine, daughter of John Whitter of Bradninch, Devon. The historian Lord Macaulay was his first cousin. His father having taken holy orders, ...

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Bicknell, Clarence (1842–1918), archaeologist and botanist, the youngest son of Elhanan Bicknell (1788–1861), financier and art patron, and his third wife, Lucinda Sarah (1801–1850), sister of Hablot Knight Browne, was born at Herne Hill, Surrey, on 27 October 1842. Herman Bicknell, orientalist and traveller, was his brother. ...

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Carrington, Samuel (bap. 1798, d. 1870), geologist and archaeologist, was born at Wetton, Staffordshire, where he was baptized on 25 November 1798, the son of Samuel Carrington (1772/3–1840), leader of a team of miners (‘copers’) in the duke of Devonshire's copper mines at ...

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William Gowland (1842–1922) by British Colonial Photo Co. reproduced with permission from Wiltshire Heritage Museum, Devizes

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Gowland, William (1842–1922), metallurgist and archaeologist, was born in South Durham Street, Sunderland, co. Durham, on 16 December 1842, the elder of two sons of George Thompson Gowland (1800/01–1847), shipowner and innkeeper, and his wife, Catherine, formerly Ovington, née Kelly (1805–1891). He was intended to enter medicine and spent two years preparing for the profession with a doctor in ...

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Hall, Edward Thomas [Teddy] (1924–2001), archaeological scientist, was born at 9 Mandeville Place, London, on 10 May 1924, the younger son in the family of two sons and one daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel Walter D'Arcy Hall (1891–1980), army officer and politician, and his first wife, ...

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Hughes, Thomas McKenny (1832–1917), geologist, speleologist, and archaeologist, was born in December 1832, in Aberystwyth, one of the family of three sons and five daughters of the Revd Joshua Hughes (1807–1889), afterwards bishop of St Asaph, and his wife, Margaret (d. 1899)...

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G. C. Boase

revised by Anita McConnell

Just, John (1797–1852), archaeologist and botanist, eldest son of Jonathan Just and his wife, Mary, was born at the family farm in the village of Natland, near Kendal, Westmorland, on 3 December 1797. After attending the village school he was employed on a farm, but, showing an aptitude for study, he went at the age of fourteen to ...

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See Mond family

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L. V. Grinsell

revised by I. H. Longworth

Mortimer, John Robert (1825–1911), archaeologist and geologist, was born on 15 June 1825 in Fimber, a wold village in the East Riding of Yorkshire. He was the eldest of three children of James Mortimer, a farmer, and his wife, Hannah, daughter of John Welburn...

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Pengelly, William (1812–1894), geologist and archaeologist, was born on 12 January 1812 at East Looe, Cornwall, the first of ten children of Richard Pengelly (1787–1861), mariner, and his wife, Sarah (1787–1881), daughter of Abraham and Mary Prout of Millbrook, Cornwall. Pengelly attended two schools in ...

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Francis Cranmer Penrose (1817–1903) by John Singer Sargent, 1898 RIBA Library Photographs Collection

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Penrose, Francis Cranmer (1817–1903), architect, classical archaeologist, and astronomer, was born on 29 October 1817 at Bracebridge, near Lincoln, the youngest son of the Revd John Penrose (1778–1859). His mother was Elizabeth Penrose, née Cartwright (c. 1779–1837), a children's writer under the pseudonym of ...

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Smith, Worthington George (1835–1917), architectural and botanical illustrator and archaeologist, was born on 23 March 1835 at 19 Aske Street, Shoreditch, London, the only child of George Smith (1804–1877), a civil servant from Gaddesden Row, Hertfordshire, and Sarah Worthington (1809–1891) of Laxton, Nottinghamshire...

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St Joseph, (John) Kenneth Sinclair (1912–1994), geologist, archaeologist, and aerial photographer, was born on 13 November 1912 at Rose Cottage, Cookley, Worcestershire, the only surviving son of John Daniel St Joseph, a forestry officer with the Indian forest service, and his wife, Irma Robertson, ...

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(John) Kenneth Sinclair St Joseph (1912–1994) by unknown artist The Master and Fellows of Selwyn College, Cambridge

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Trechmann, Charles Taylor (1884–1964), geologist and archaeologist, was born at 10 Cliff Terrace, Hartlepool, co. Durham, on 28 June 1884, the son of Karl (Charles) Otto Trechmann (1851–1917) and his wife, Gertrude Elizabeth, née Taylor. His father was a cement manufacturer and mineralogist; the mineral trechmannite was named after him....

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Watkins, Alfred (1855–1935), archaeologist and inventor of photographic equipment, was born on 27 January 1855 at the Imperial Hotel, Widemarsh Street, Hereford, the third of the ten children of Charles Watkins (1821–1888), a prosperous local farmer, miller, brewer, and hotel owner, and his wife, ...

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Williams, John (c. 1732–1795), mining engineer and archaeologist, was born in the parish of Ceri, Montgomeryshire, where the frequency of his surname and the state of record keeping conceal his parentage. After education in the village school, and having found farming not to his liking, ...