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Allen, Anthony (1685–1754), barrister and antiquary, was born on 3 June 1685 and baptized at Much Hadham, Hertfordshire, two days later, the fourth surviving son of William Allen (d. 1698), of Much Hadham, and his wife, Bridget James. After attending Bishop's Stortford School...

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Amyot, Thomas (1775–1850), lawyer and antiquary, was the eldest of the six sons and one daughter of Peter Amyot (c.1736–1799), a watch- and clock-maker, and his wife, Susannah Garrett. His great-grandfather Thomas, the eldest son of a physician to Louis XIII...

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Archer, Sir Simon (1581–1662), magistrate and antiquary, was born on 21 September 1581, the eldest son of Andrew Archer (d. 1629) of Umberslade, near Tanworth in Arden, Warwickshire, and Margaret (d. 1614), daughter of Simon Ralegh of Farnborough, Warwickshire. He was educated at ...

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Ball, Sir Peter (bap. 1598, d. 1680), lawyer and antiquary, was the second-born (but eldest surviving) son of Giles Ball (b. 1573) of Mamhead, Devon, and his wife, Urith (d. 1644), daughter of Humphrey Copleston of Instow, Devon. He was baptized at ...

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Daines Barrington (1727/88–1800) by Charles Knight, 1795 (after Joseph Slater, 1770) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Barrington, Daines (1727/8–1800), judge, antiquary, and naturalist, was born at Becket in the parish of Shrivenham in Berkshire, the fourth son and fourth of nine children of John Shute Barrington, first Viscount Barrington (1678–1734), barrister and politician, and his wife, Anne (d...

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T. F. T. Dyer

revised by J. A. Marchand

Beckwith, Josiah (1734–1788x1800), lawyer and antiquary, was born on 24 August 1734 at Rothwell, near Leeds, where his father, Thomas Beckwith, practised as an attorney. He also became an attorney and settled at Masbrough, near Rotherham. He married on 14 August 1763 at ...

Article

Gordon Goodwin

revised by David Dean

Bowes, Paul (d. 1702), lawyer and antiquary, was born at Great Bromley, Essex, the second son of Sir Thomas Bowes (d. 1676), witch persecutor, and Mary (b. 1608), third daughter of Paul Dewes (1567–1631) [see under Dewes, Garrat]; his parents had married on 4 December 1626. After being educated at the school at ...

Article

Thompson Cooper

revised by Peter Sherlock

Butcher, Richard (1586/7–1664), antiquary and lawyer, came from an unknown family. In 1646, as town clerk of Stamford, he published The survey and antiquitie of the towne of Stamford, in the county of Lincolne; with its ancient foundation, grants, priviledges, etc., probably the result of work done to support the town council's claims presented to ...

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Chauncy, Sir Henry (1632–1719), lawyer and antiquary, was born on 12 April 1632 at Yardley Bury, Yardley, Hertfordshire, the eldest of the seven children of Henry Chauncy (1600–1681) of Yardley and his wife, Anne (1608–1707), daughter of Peter Parke of Tottenham and his wife, ...

Article

J. A. Hamilton

revised by Beth F. Wood

Cooper, Charles Purton (1793–1873), lawyer and antiquary, was the son of Charles Cooper, linen draper, of St Dunstan, Kent, and Fleet Street, London. He was educated at Wadham College, Oxford, where he matriculated in 1810 and was a contemporary of Richard Bethell, first Lord Westbury...

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Crosbie, Andrew (1736–1785), lawyer and antiquary, was probably born at Soutergate, Dumfries. He was the surviving son (the elder died young) of Andrew Crosbie (d. 1762), provost of Dumfries (like his father, John), and Jean, daughter of James Grierson of Barjary...

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Andrew Crosbie (1736–1785) by David Martin in the collection of the Faculty of Advocates

Article

A. M. Clerke

revised by J. A. Marchand

Cunningham, Timothy (d. 1789), barrister and antiquary, was a member of the Middle Temple, and lived in chambers at Gray's Inn for over thirty years. He was probably a native of Ireland. In 1759 he sought employment as copyist at the British Museum...

Article

See Davidson, James

Article

W. W. Wroth

revised by Alexander Du Toit

Davidson, John (c. 1724–1797), antiquary and lawyer, was the son of James Davidson of Haltree, an Edinburgh bookseller, and Elizabeth, sister of William Brown, Church of Scotland minister, also of Edinburgh. He was educated for the law, being apprenticed to George Balfour, writer to the ...

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Duhigg, Bartholomew (c. 1751–1813), antiquary and barrister, was the fourth son of Bartholomew Duhigg (d. before 1771), gentleman, of Ballyhigh, co. Limerick, Ireland. His father appears to have been brought up a Catholic but to have conformed to the established church in 1725, thereby escaping the effects of the penal laws. In 1769 he entered ...

Article

J. B. Atlay

revised by Beth F. Wood

Elton, Charles Isaac (1839–1900), lawyer and antiquary, was born on 6 December 1839 at Southampton, the eldest son of Frederick Bayard Elton of Clifton, Gloucestershire, magistrate and collector in India, and Mary Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Charles Abraham Elton of Clevedon, Somerset, sixth baronet, poet. His parents were members of the same old west country landed family. He was educated at ...

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Fitch, William Stevenson (1792–1859), antiquary and thief, was born at Ipswich on 17 November 1792, the eldest of the five children of Samuel Fitch, druggist, and his wife, Elizabeth Stevenson. After five years at Ipswich grammar school (1802–7) he joined the family business and later took over the shop on his father's death in 1815. An early and consuming fascination with old documents, autographs, prints, and coins, particularly those relating to ...

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Fleetwood [Fletewoode], William (c. 1525–1594), lawyer and antiquary, was the son of Robert Fleetwood, a cursitor in chancery, who was the third son of William Fleetwood of Hesketh in Lancashire. His name appears in the admissions register of Eton College, and in those of both ...