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Francis Espinasse

revised by Anne Pimlott Baker

Abercrombie, John (1726–1806), horticulturist and writer, was born in Prestonpans, near Edinburgh, the son of a market gardener. He was educated at a grammar school, and at the age of fourteen began to work under his father. He went to London about 1751, and was employed first in the ...

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Aiton, William Townsend (1766–1849), horticulturist, was born at 199 Kew Road, Kew, Surrey, on 2 February 1766, the elder son of the horticulturist William Aiton (1731–1793) and his wife, Elizabeth (c.1740–1826), whose maiden name was possibly Townsend. He was educated privately in ...

Article

James Britten

revised by Anne Pimlott Baker

Anderson, William (1766–1846), horticulturist, was born in Easter Warrington, Edinburgh, the son of a forester and gardener to a Jacobite laird in the western highlands who had helped Charles Edward, the Young Pretender, to escape after the 1745 rising. He was known to be working in some nurseries near ...

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Austen, Ralph (c. 1612–1676), horticulturist and religious radical, was born into a yeoman family in Leek, Staffordshire; his mother was a cousin of Henry Ireton, the parliamentary leader, a connection Austen repeatedly stressed in his attempts to gain offices or land grants. Austen...

Article

Backhouse family (per. c. 1770–1945), naturalists and horticulturists, came to prominence with James [i] Backhouse (1721–1798), who founded the Backhouse Bank in Darlington, co. Durham, in 1774 with his sons Jonathan (1747–1826) and James [ii] (1757–1804). It was Jonathan Backhouse who initiated the family's connection with horticulture, by following the mid-eighteenth-century fashion for large-scale tree planting on his estates at ...

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Robert Ormston Backhouse 1854–1940 by Vivian Royal Horticultural Society, Lindley Library; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Article

E. I. Carlyle

revised by William T. Stearn

Bateman, James (1812–1897), horticulturist and botanist, was born on 18 July 1812 at Redivals, near Bury in Lancashire, the only child of John Bateman (1782–1858), banker, ironfounder, and manufacturer, of Knypersley Hall in Staffordshire and Tolson Hall in Westmorland, and his wife, Elizabeth (...

Article

Blackburne, John (bap. 1694, d. 1786), horticulturist, baptized on 13 September 1694 at Warrington parish church, was born at Orford Old Hall, near Warrington where his father, Jonathan Blackburne (1646–1724), owned a country estate. His mother was the widowed Anne Lockwood, née Chilton (1655×7–1732)...

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Blackstone, William (bap. 1596?, d. 1675), settler in America and horticulturist, was born to unknown parents. It has been asserted that he was baptized on 5 March 1595 at Whickham in co. Durham, the son of John Blackstone and his wife, Agnes (...

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Alan Herbert Vauser Bloom (1906–2005) by Tessa Traeger, 2000 © Tessa Traeger / National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bloom, Alan Herbert Vauser (1906–2005), horticulturist, was born on 19 November 1906 in Over, near Swavesey, Cambridgeshire, the son of Charles Herbert Bloom, grocer and draper, and later market gardener, and his wife, Katherine Annie Jane, née Whitworth. His father's family is thought to have been descended from Huguenots who had come to ...

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Bowles, Edward Augustus [Gussie] (1865–1954), horticulturist and watercolour painter, was born on 14 May 1865 at Myddelton House, Bull's Cross, Enfield, Middlesex, the fourth of five children of Henry Carrington Bowles Bowles (formerly Treacher; 1830–1918), a landowner and governor of the New River Company...

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Edward Augustus Bowles (1865–1954) by unknown photographer Royal Horticultural Society, Lindley Library

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Brailsford, Mary Ann (bap. 1791, d. 1852), originator of the Bramley's Seedling apple, was baptized at Southwell, Nottinghamshire, on 20 May 1791, the eldest daughter of Charles Brailsford (d. 1812) and his wife, Elizabeth Dickinson (d. 1837). In 1809 the family moved to ...

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Bulley, Arthur Kilpin (1861–1942), cotton broker and gardener, was born at Montpellier Lodge, Montpellier Crescent, New Brighton, Cheshire, on 10 January 1861, the fourth son and thirteenth of fourteen children of Samuel Marshall Bulley (1811–1880), cotton broker, and his wife, Mary Rachel (1817–1887)...

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Caparne [formerly Caparn], William John (1855–1940), artist and horticulturist, was born in Newark-on-Trent, Nottinghamshire, on 17 November 1855, the eldest child of William Horner Caparn, an organist and music teacher, and his wife, Sophia (b. 1839/40), the daughter of William Warwick...

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Daniel, Henry (fl. 1379), Dominican friar and horticulturist, was skilled in the medical and natural science of his time. His surviving works include a treatise on diagnosis from urinoscopy, De judiciis urinarum, based on the work of Ysaac Judaeus (d. c.955)...