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Cousins, James Henry Sproull (1873–1956), writer and educationist, was born on 22 July 1873 at 29 Cavour Street, Belfast, the son of James Cousins (d. 1920), a sailor, and his wife, Susan Davis (d. 1915). His parents were both Wesleyan Methodists; his father retired from a sailing career to work for the ...

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Ghose, Manmohan (1869–1924), poet and university teacher, was born on 19 January 1869 at Bhagalpur, Bihar, India, the second son of Krishna Dhan Ghose (1844–1892/3), a civil medical officer in Bengal, and his wife, Swarnalata Basu (b. 1852), the eldest daughter of ...

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Gopal, Sarvepalli (1923–2002), historian, was born in Madras, India, on 23 April 1923, the only son (there were five daughters) of Sir Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (1888–1975), philosopher and president of India, and his wife, Sivakamu (d. 1956), daughter of Talpuru Chenchurammiah, railway stationmaster. He was educated at ...

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Krishnavarma, Shyamji (1857–1930), Sanskrit scholar and Indian nationalist, was born on 30 October 1857 in the town of Mandvi in the Kutch district of western Gujarat, the son of a cotton press labourer, Karsan Nakhua, and his wife, Gomatibai, of the Bhanushali community. After his mother's death in 1868 he was brought up by his grandmother, and was educated to high school level in ...

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Radhakanta Sarman (d. 1803), pandit, was born in the early eighteenth century in a Bengali Brahman family of modest means. His father died at the age of 100, his mother at eighty on the funeral pyre of her husband. Radhakanta received a traditional Sanskrit education as a student of the famed ...

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Radhakrishnan, Sir Sarvepalli (1888–1975), philosopher and president of India, was born on 5 September 1888, in the pilgrimage centre village of Tiruttani, in the then undivided presidency of Madras. He was the second son of middle-class but poor parents, Sarvepalli Veeraswami, a tahsildar...

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Sir Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (1888–1975) by Derek Hill, 1967 All Souls College, Oxford

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Peter Hardy

revised by Tapan Raychaudhuri

Sarkar, Sir Jadunath (1870–1958), historian, the third son of Raj Kumar Sarkar and Hari Sundari, was born on 10 December 1870 at Karachmaria in the Rajshahi district of Bengal. His father belonged to a Barujibi (betel-grower) zamindari family. Educated at the Rajshahi and ...

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Singh, Tara [known as Master Tara Singh Malhotra; formerly Nanak Chand Malhotra] (1885–1967), headmaster and politician, was born on 24 June 1885 in the village of Haryal, Punjab, India (now in Pakistan), the son of Bakhshi Gopi Chand Malhotra, a revenue official and moneylender. ...

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Srinivas, Mysore Narasimhachar (1916–1999), social anthropologist and sociologist, was born on 16 November 1916 in the city of Mysore, south India, the sixth child in a family of four sons (of whom he was the youngest) and four daughters of Mysore Narasimhachar Iyengar (...

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Tagore, Dwijendranath (1840–1926), poet and philosopher, was born in Calcutta, India, on 11 March 1840, the eldest son of Debendranath Tagore (1817–1905) [see under Tagore family] and his wife, Sarada Devi (1826?–1875). His grandfather ‘Prince’ Dwarkanath Tagore was one of the most successful independent Indian merchants of the early nineteenth century. The ...

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See Tagore family

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Tagore, Rabindranath (1861–1941), poet and educationist, was born on 7 May 1861 at 6 Dwarkanath Tagore Lane, Jorasanko, Calcutta, the fourteenth child and eighth son of Debendranath Tagore (1817–1905) [see under Tagore family] and Sarada Devi (1826?–1875). The author Swarnakumari Devi...

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Rabindranath Tagore (1861–1941) by Sir William Rothenstein, 1912 by courtesy of the Estate of Sir William Rothenstein; photograph courtesy of the Tate Gallery, London

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Vidyasagar, Iswarchandra (1820–1891), social reformer and Sanskrit scholar, the eldest son of Thakurdas Bandyopadhyay and Bhagavati Devi, was born on 26 September 1820 in the village of Birsimha, Midnapore district, Bengal. The name Vidyasagar is actually an academic title, conferred on him in 1839 when he passed the examination in Hindu law from ...