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Abercromby, David (d. 1701?), physician and philosopher, most probably belonged to the Abercrombys of Seaton in the north-east of Scotland where he is believed to have been born. It is not known if Abercromby married or had children, although what survives of his biography makes marriage unlikely. Nothing is known of his parentage....

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Adams [formerly Adam], Francis (1796–1861), physician and classical scholar, was born on 13 March 1796 at Auchinhove, Lumphanan, Aberdeenshire, the son of James Adam, a small farmer and builder, and his wife, Elspet Black. He was educated at the parish school, winning a bursary to ...

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Frederick Matthias Alexander (1869–1955) by Anthony Ludovici, 1926 © Anthony Ludovici

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Alexander, Frederick Matthias (1869–1955), originator of the Alexander technique and teacher, was born on 20 January 1869 at Wynyard, north-west Tasmania, the eldest of seven children of John Alexander (1843–1936), farmer and blacksmith, and his wife, Betsy Brown (d. 1923), a nurse....

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Anderson, Sir Hugh Kerr (1865–1928), physiologist and university administrator, was born at Frognal Park, Hampstead, on 6 July 1865. His great-grandfather was a surgeon in the Royal Navy; his grandfather was a doctor at Peterhead, who died young, leaving a family. The second son, ...

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See Edinburgh Seven

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Thomas Seccombe

revised by Mark Pottle

Anderson, William (1842–1900), anatomist and writer on art, was born on 18 December 1842 in London at the Eldon Arms, Queen Square, the son of William Henry Anderson, licensed victualler, and his wife, Ann, formerly Cattel. After attending the City of London School...

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Argentine, John (c. 1443–1508), physician and college head, was the most eminent of the first generation of Italian-trained doctors to return to a medical and academic career in England. He was born at Bottisham in Cambridgeshire, into a well-connected family; he entered Eton College...

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Askew, Anthony (bap. 1722, d. 1774), physician and book collector, was born in Kendal, Westmorland, where he was baptized on 7 May 1722, the son of Adam Askew, physician, and his wife, Anne Crackenthorp. In 1725 his family moved to Newcastle, where his father established a well-respected practice. ...

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H. R. Tedder

revised by Michael Bevan

Atkinson, James (1759–1839), surgeon and bibliographer, the son of a medical practitioner and friend of Laurence Sterne, received his medical education as a pupil of Henry Cline of St Thomas's Hospital, London, and attended the lectures of Thomas Denman, physician-accoucheur to the Middlesex Hospital...

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James Atkinson (1759–1839) by William Etty, 1832 York Museums Trust (York Art Gallery)

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Babington, Benjamin Guy (1794–1866), physician and orientalist, the fourth son of the physician and mineralogist William Babington (1756–1833) and his wife, Martha Elizabeth Babington, was born on 5 March 1794 in Guy's Hospital when his father was resident apothecary there. Educated at Charterhouse School...

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Thompson Cooper

revised by Patrick Wallis

Badham, Charles (1780–1845), physician and classical scholar, was born in London on 17 April 1780, the son of David Badham. After receiving a sound classical education he entered Edinburgh University, where he graduated MD in 1802 with a dissertation entitled 'De urina et calculis'...

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Sidney Lee

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Balfour, Francis (d. in or after 1816), surgeon and orientalist, was born in Edinburgh and took his MD degree there in 1767. He entered the East India Company's service in Bengal as assistant surgeon on 3 July 1769, and was appointed full surgeon on 10 August 1777....

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Barham, Thomas Foster (1794–1869), physician and classical scholar, was born at Hendon, Middlesex, on 10 September 1794, the eldest son of six children born to Thomas Foster Barham (1766–1844) and his wife, Mary Ann Morton. Among his brothers, William Foster Barham (1802–1845) was a writer, ...

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Barling, Sir (Harry) Gilbert, baronet (1855–1940), surgeon and academic administrator, the fourth son of William Barling (d. 1896), farmer and veterinary surgeon, of Newnham-on-Severn, Gloucestershire, and his wife, Eliza Sharpe, was born at Newnham-on-Severn on 30 April 1855. Barling was educated at a boarding-school at ...

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Barrett, William (1727?–1789), surgeon and antiquary, was born at Notton in the parish of Lacock, Wiltshire, where he was baptized on 6 June 1729. Little is known of his parents except that they died while he was a child; his brother, Anthony Barrett...

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Sidney Lee

revised by Michael Bevan

Becket, William (1684–1738), surgeon and antiquary, was born at Abingdon, Berkshire. In the early years of the eighteenth century he was well known in London as a surgeon and an enthusiastic antiquary. He was elected a fellow of the Royal Society on 11 December 1718 and read three papers on ...

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Beddoe, John (1826–1911), physician and anthropologist, was born in Bewdley, Worcestershire, on 21 September 1826, the son of John Beddoe JP, a merchant, and Emma, daughter of Henry Barrer Child of Bewdley. Educated at Bridgnorth School, he studied medicine at University College, London...

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W. E. A. Axon

revised by Andrew Lambert

Bellot, Thomas (1806–1857), naval surgeon and philologist, was born on 16 March 1806 at Manchester, where his father, after whom he was named, was a practising surgeon in Oldham Street. The father, a native of Derbyshire, gave evidence in 1818 to a House of Lords...