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Article

Francis Espinasse

revised by Jonathan Harris

Adolphus, John (1768–1845), barrister and historian, was born in London on 7 August 1768; he was of German-Jewish descent. His grandfather was domestic physician to Frederick the Great, and wrote a French romance, Histoire des diables modernes (1763), which is sometimes wrongly ascribed to ...

Article

Alison, Sir Archibald, first baronet (1792–1867), historian and lawyer, was born on 29 December 1792 at Kenley, Shropshire, in the parsonage of his father, Archibald Alison (1757–1839), son of Patrick Alison, lord provost of Edinburgh. The elder Archibald married in 1784 Dorothea (...

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Sir Archibald Alison, first baronet (1792–1867) by Sir John Watson-Gordon, 1839 unknown collection / Christie's; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Allen, Anthony (1685–1754), barrister and antiquary, was born on 3 June 1685 and baptized at Much Hadham, Hertfordshire, two days later, the fourth surviving son of William Allen (d. 1698), of Much Hadham, and his wife, Bridget James. After attending Bishop's Stortford School...

Article

Allen, Sir Carleton Kemp (1887–1966), jurist and warden of Rhodes House, was born on 7 September 1887 in Carlton, Melbourne, the youngest of the three sons of the Revd William Allen, nonconformist minister, whose own father, a civil engineer, had emigrated from England...

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Sir Carleton Kemp Allen (1887–1966) by Walter Stoneman, 1945 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Allen, Edward Heron- (1861–1943), lawyer and scholar, was born in London on 17 December 1861, the fourth child of George Allen (1823–1911), head of the firm of Allen & Son, Solicitors, Soho, London, and his wife, Catherine Herring or Heron (b. 1830)...

Article

Amyot, Thomas (1775–1850), lawyer and antiquary, was the eldest of the six sons and one daughter of Peter Amyot (c.1736–1799), a watch- and clock-maker, and his wife, Susannah Garrett. His great-grandfather Thomas, the eldest son of a physician to Louis XIII...

Article

Anderson, John (1798–1839), genealogist and writer to the signet, was born on 16 August 1798, the eldest of four children of Peter Anderson (1768–1823), a solicitor in Inverness, and his wife, Jessie Thomson (c.1766–1836). Anderson was educated for seven years at the private boarding-school in ...

Article

Aram, Eugene (bap. 1704, d. 1759), murderer and philologist, was born at Ramsgill and baptized on 2 October 1704 at Middlesmoor, West Riding of Yorkshire. Little is known of his mother, but his father, Peter Aram (bap. 1667, d. 1735), employed as gardener to ...

Article

Archer, Sir Simon (1581–1662), magistrate and antiquary, was born on 21 September 1581, the eldest son of Andrew Archer (d. 1629) of Umberslade, near Tanworth in Arden, Warwickshire, and Margaret (d. 1614), daughter of Simon Ralegh of Farnborough, Warwickshire. He was educated at ...

Article

Armitage, Sir Arthur Llewellyn (1916–1984), jurist and university administrator, was born on 1 August 1916 at Town Gate, Marsden, Yorkshire, the elder son of Kenyon Armitage (d. 1972), master draper of Oldham, and his wife, Lucy Amelia Beaumont (d. 1968). He attended ...

Article

Arnold, Thomas James (1803–1877), barrister and literary translator, was born on 6 July 1803 in Downing Street, Westminster, London, the eldest son of Samuel James Arnold (1774–1852), dramatist, and Matilda Catherine Pye (d. 1851), younger daughter of Henry James Pye, MP and poet laureate. He was educated at ...

Article

Atwood, Thomas (d. 1793), judge in Dominica and the Bahamas and writer on economics and history, wrote that he spent several years of his life in Dominica, but his origins, as most of his other biographical details, are unknown. He was chief judge of ...

Article

Backhouse, Sir Edmund Trelawny, second baronet (1873–1944), Sinologist and fraudster, eldest of the four surviving sons of Jonathan Edmund Backhouse, first baronet (1849–1918), a banker, and Florence (1845–1902), youngest daughter of Sir John Salusbury Salusbury-Trelawny, was born on 20 October 1873 at The Rookery, Middleton Tyas, Yorkshire...

Article

Ball, Sir Peter (bap. 1598, d. 1680), lawyer and antiquary, was the second-born (but eldest surviving) son of Giles Ball (b. 1573) of Mamhead, Devon, and his wife, Urith (d. 1644), daughter of Humphrey Copleston of Instow, Devon. He was baptized at ...

Article

Barclay, Thomas (c. 1570–1632), jurist, was born in Aberdeen of unknown parents. He was sent to Bordeaux in the 1580s to study the Latin and Greek humanities and philosophy at the municipal Collège de Guyenne. This was one of the leading schools in ...

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Daines Barrington (1727/88–1800) by Charles Knight, 1795 (after Joseph Slater, 1770) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Barrington, Daines (1727/8–1800), judge, antiquary, and naturalist, was born at Becket in the parish of Shrivenham in Berkshire, the fourth son and fourth of nine children of John Shute Barrington, first Viscount Barrington (1678–1734), barrister and politician, and his wife, Anne (d...

Article

T. F. T. Dyer

revised by J. A. Marchand

Beckwith, Josiah (1734–1788x1800), lawyer and antiquary, was born on 24 August 1734 at Rothwell, near Leeds, where his father, Thomas Beckwith, practised as an attorney. He also became an attorney and settled at Masbrough, near Rotherham. He married on 14 August 1763 at ...