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Abrams, Mark Alexander [formerly Max Alexander Abramowitz] (1906–1994), social scientist, was born at 57 Balfour Road, Edmonton, London, on 27 April 1906, one of eight children born to Abraham (Abram) Abramowitz, also known as Abramovich or Abrams, and his wife, Annie (Hannah), ...

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Alexander, Sir Kenneth John Wilson [Ken] (1922–2001), economist, university administrator, and public servant, was born on 14 March 1922 at 12 Kilmaurs Terrace, Edinburgh, the only son of William Wilson Alexander (1888–1930), lawyer, and his wife, Mary Logan Grahame, née Wilson (1888–1975), tailoress. He won a scholarship to ...

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Allen, William Edward David [pseuds. James Drennan, Liam Pawle] (1901–1973), historian and businessman, was born on 6 January 1901 at 12 Sussex Place, Regent's Park, London, the eldest of the three sons of William Edward Allen (1860–1919), printer and theatre owner, and his wife, ...

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Armstrong, Wallace Edwin (1896–1980), anthropologist and economist, was born on 24 February 1896 at 2 Deerbrook Road, Norwood, London, the second of three sons of William Wallace Armstrong, a civil servant with the Local Government Board, and his wife, Alice Imeson of Herne Hill, London...

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Ashley, Sir William James (1860–1927), economic historian, was born at 11 Sun Street, Bermondsey, London, on 25 February 1860. He was the eldest son of James Ashley, a journeyman hatter from Wrexham, Denbighshire, and his wife, Jane (née Short). He was educated at ...

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Ashton, Thomas Southcliffe (1889–1968), economic historian, was born at Ashton under Lyne, Lancashire, on 11 January 1889, the second son and third child of Thomas Ashton, manager of the local Trustee Savings Bank, and his wife, Susan Sutcliffe. From Ashton under Lyne secondary school...

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Askham, Janet Mary (1941–2008), sociologist, was born on 27 October 1941 at Paxton Park, Little Paxton, St Neots, Huntingdonshire, the only daughter of the Revd Leonard Charles Askham (1898–1983), vicar of Godmanchester, and his wife, (Grace) Hilda, née Mallett (1908–1952). She had four brothers, ...

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Atwood, Thomas (d. 1793), judge in Dominica and the Bahamas and writer on economics and history, wrote that he spent several years of his life in Dominica, but his origins, as most of his other biographical details, are unknown. He was chief judge of ...

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Bailey, Samuel (bap. 1791, d. 1870), economist and philosopher, was baptized on 8 July 1791 at St Peter's Church (later the cathedral), Sheffield, the second son and fifth of the eleven children of Joseph Bailey, of Burngreave, and Mary Eaden. His father, originally an artisan, had become wealthy in the cutlery business (he was master cutler in 1801) and as a merchant. ...

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Bancroft, Francis (1667–1728), financial agent and benefactor, was born in Spitalfields, London, on 26 October 1667, the second son of John Bancroft (bap. 1614, d. 1705), a City financier who became serjeant-carver to the lord mayor, and his second wife, Rebecka Cole (...

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Barff, Samuel (1793?–1880), philhellene and banker, was probably born in England. In 1816 he established himself in Zante, Greece, where he became an important merchant and banker. He died there on 23 September 1880. He was probably married.

Barff's part in the struggle for Greek independence is evidenced in the papers of contemporary philhellenes such as ...

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Beales, Hugh Lancelot (1889–1988), economist and social historian, born at Sedbergh, Yorkshire, on 18 February 1889, was the son of William Beales, a Wesleyan Methodist minister, and his wife, Zaida Mary Ann Elizabeth Scantlebury Green. He grew up in a radical political household. He was sent to the ...

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Bland, John (1702–1749), writing master and accountant, was born in Crutched Friars, London, on 17 August 1702, the son of a clerk in the custom house. He spent four years at Westminster School, where, according to William Massey, 'he principally formed his hand' (...

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Blaug, Mark (1927–2011), economist and historian of economics, was born Norbert Blauaug on 3 April 1927 in The Hague, Netherlands, the second son of Berl Blauaug (later Bernard Blaug), raincoat manufacturer, and his wife, Sarah, née Toeman. His father had Austro-Hungarian nationality and his mother was English. They were a Jewish family but ...

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Mark Blaug (1927–2011) by unknown photographer, 1970s photograph reproduced by courtesy of The British Academy

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Blunt, Christopher Evelyn (1904–1987), merchant banker and numismatist, was born on 16 July 1904 at the vicarage, Ham Common, London, the second of the three sons (there were no daughters) of the Revd (Arthur) Stanley Vaughan Blunt (1870–1929) and his wife, Hilda Violet (1880–1969)...

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Bowie, James Alexander (1888–1949), economist and educationist, was born at 42 Holburn Road, Aberdeen, on 30 November 1888, the fourth son of William Bowie, a foreman mason, and his wife, Jane Lumsden, who also had four daughters. He attended Central School, Aberdeen, as a pupil teacher and passed first in the king's scholarship for teachers in 1908. He subsequently read philosophy and economic science at ...

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Branford, Victor Verasis (1863–1930), sociologist and businessman, was born at 15 West Street, Oundle, Northamptonshire, on 25 September 1863, the eldest surviving son of William Catton Branford (1837–1891), a veterinary surgeon, and Ann Kitchen (1826–1871), the sister of his father's deceased first wife. His father spent two short periods as professor in the veterinary college in ...

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Brech, Edward Francis Leopold (1909–2006), management consultant, theorist, and historian, was born Edward Franz Leopold Brech at 84 Brook Street, Kennington, London, on 26 February 1909, one of four children of Franz Josef, later Francis Joseph, Brech (1876–1933), an Austro-Hungarian restaurant manager, and his wife, ...

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Brown, Michael Barratt (1918–2015), economist, educationist, and political activist, was born on 15 March 1918 at Holland House, Woodbrooke, Selly Oak, Birmingham, the eldest of four children of Alfred Barratt Brown (1887–1947), educationist, and his wife (Doris) Eileen, née Cockshott (...