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Aaronson, Lazarus (1895–1966), poet and educationist, was born at 34 Great Pearl Street, Spitalfields, London, on 18 February 1895, the son of Louis Aaronson, master bootmaker, and his wife, Sarah, née Kowalski. His parents were impoverished Jewish immigrants from Vilna in the Pale...

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Abercrombie, Lascelles (1881–1938), poet and literary critic, was born at Manor House, Ashton upon Mersey, Cheshire, on 9 January 1881, the sixth son, and the tenth of eleven children (two of whom died in childhood), of William Abercrombie (1838–1908), stockbroker, of Ashton upon Mersey...

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Adams, William Davenport (1851–1904), journalist and compiler of reference works, was born at Park Terrace, New Park Road, Brixton, on 28 December 1851, the elder surviving son of William Henry Davenport Adams (1828–1891), then a private tutor, and his wife, Sarah Esther, née...

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Adamson, Henry (bap. 1581, d. 1637), poet and historian, was baptized in Perth on 11 November 1581, the son of the merchant James Adamson (d. after 1617), who served as dean of guild in 1600 and provost between 1609 and 1612, and ...

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See Addison, Joseph

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Aguilar, Grace (1816–1847), writer on Jewish history and religion and novelist, was born on 2 June 1816 in Hackney, Middlesex, the eldest of the three children of Emanuel Aguilar (1787–1845), merchant, and his wife, Sarah (d. 1854), daughter of Jacob Dias Fernandez...

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Alban [St Albans], Roger (d. after 1461), genealogist, copyist, and Carmelite friar, was born in St Albans, Hertfordshire, and joined his order in London. He was ordained acolyte on 17 December 1401 and deacon on 19 December 1405. His name occurs as the copyist on three manuscripts, BL, Harley MS 3138 (dated 1424), Harley MS 211, and Stowe MS 8, and it has also been claimed that he copied BL, Stowe MS 38 and, in 1439, the anti-...

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Alexander, Louis George (1932–2002), language teacher and author, was born Elias George Ftyaras on 15 January 1932 at 116 Sutherland Avenue, Maida Vale, London, the son of George Elias Ftyaras (b. c.1909), a Greek doctor who settled permanently in England, and his wife, ...

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Francesco Algarotti, Count Algarotti in the Prussian nobility (1712–1764) by Jean-Étienne Liotard, c. 1745 Rijksprentenkabinet, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam

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Algarotti, Francesco, Count Algarotti in the Prussian nobility (1712–1764), poet and scholar, was born on 11 December 1712 in the family home in Venice on the Fondamenta Nuove, the second son of Rocco Algarotti (d. 1726) and his wife, Maria Mercati. His father was a prosperous merchant of Paduan origin, settled in ...

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Alger, John Goldworth (bap. 1836, d. 1907), journalist and historian, born at Diss, Norfolk, and baptized on 7 August 1836, was the only son of John Alger, a corn merchant of that town, and his wife, Jemima, daughter of Salem Goldworth, yeoman, of ...

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T. W. Bayne

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Allardyce, Alexander (1846–1896), journalist and historian, son of James Allardyce, farmer, was born on 21 January 1846 at Tillyminit, Gartly, in the parish of Rhynie, Aberdeenshire. He received his first lessons in Latin from his maternal grandmother and was then educated at Rhynie parish school...

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Allen, John (1789–1829), bookseller and antiquary, was born 'about' 27 July 1789, and baptized on 4 August 1789 at Hereford, the eldest son of John Allen (c.1754–1828), a leading bookseller in the city, and his wife, Mary (c.1754–1827), daughter of ...

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Ammonius, Andreas [Andrea della Rena] (bap. 1476, d. 1517), humanist scholar and poet, was the son of Elisabetta Vanni and her husband, Francesco della Rena (dell' Arena). Of a family long established as silk weavers at Lucca, he was baptized in the cathedral there on 13 October 1476. In preparation for an ecclesiastical career, he studied with ...

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Amphlett, John (1845–1918), historian and diarist, was born at Sydenham, Kent, on 22 March 1845, the eldest of the three children of John Amphlett (1839–1868) of Clent and his wife, Jane (1812–1888), daughter of Robert Smithson of Skipwith, Yorkshire. John Amphlett was seventh in nine successive generations of ...

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André [Andreas], Bernard (c. 1450–1522), poet and historian, was a Frenchman by birth, being a native of Toulouse, but came to England together with, or shortly before, Henry VII, whose panegyrist and historiographer he became. He is described by a contemporary as of distinguished birth, and he had entered the ...

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Andrewe, Laurence (fl. c. 1520–1530), printer and translator, describes himself in the prologue to his edition of the Hortus sanitatis ([1527]), as 'of the towne of Calis' (sig. Aiir). Andrewe published seven surviving works in London between 1527 and 1529 'at the sygne of the golden crosse' in ...

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Angel, Moses (1817/18–1898), headmaster and journal editor, was one of the eleven children of Emmanuel Moses (d. 1841), a publican, and his wife, Sarah. At some stage he transposed his name from Angel Moses to Moses Angel, probably in 1839 when his father was convicted at the ...

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Appleton, Charles Edward Cutts Birchall (1841–1879), lecturer on philosophy and journal editor, was born on 16 March 1841, at Reading, the second son of the Revd Robert Appleton (d. 1875). He was educated at Reading School, of which his father was headmaster. He matriculated at ...

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Armitt, Mary Louisa (1851–1911), author and founder of the Armitt Library, Ambleside, was born at 19 Melbourne Terrace, Salford, Lancashire, on 24 September 1851. She was the youngest of three daughters of William Armitt (1815–1867), an impecunious assistant overseer who valued learning, and his wife, ...