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Adair, John (1660–1718), geographer and cartographer, was born on 2 September 1660 in Leith, Scotland. Nothing is known of his parents or his early education. The first firm reference to Adair dates from May 1681, when he was granted a licence by the ...

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Adams, Clement (c. 1519–1587), schoolmaster and map engraver, was born at Buckington, Warwickshire. He was educated at Eton between 1530 and 1536, and subsequently at the King's Hall, Cambridge. From 17 August 1536 he was tutored in classics, mathematics, and geometry at Cambridge...

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W. P. Courtney

revised by Christine North

Arundell, Francis Vyvyan Jago (1780–1846), antiquary and traveller, was born at Launceston, Cornwall, in July 1780, the only son of Thomas Jago, a solicitor in that town, and his wife, Catherine, née Bolt, daughter of a surgeon at Launceston. He was educated at ...

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Ashley, Sir Anthony, baronet (1551/2–1628), politician and translator of The Mariners Mirrour, was the eldest son of Sir Anthony Ashley of Damerham in Hampshire, a cadet of the long-established Ashleys of Wimborne St Giles (Dorset), and Dorothy, daughter of John Lyte of Lytes Cary (Somerset)...

Article

Thomas Seccombe

revised by Janette Ryan

Baber, Edward Colborne (1843–1890), orientalist and traveller, the son of Edward Baber and a great-nephew of Henry Hervey Baber, was born at Dulwich on 30 April 1843. He was educated at Rossall junior school where his father was headmaster, and from 1853 to 1862 at ...

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William John Bankes (1786–1855) by Sir George Hayter, 1836 Kingston Lacy, The Bankes Collection (The National Trust). Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Bankes, William John (1786–1855), traveller and antiquary, was born on 11 December 1786, second son of Henry Bankes (1757–1834) of Kingston Lacy, Dorset, politician and author, and his wife, Frances (1760/61–1823), daughter of William Woodley, governor of the Leeward Islands, and the elder brother of ...

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See Bartholomew family

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William Beard (1772–1868) by Samuel Griffiths Tovey, c. 1828–9 © Fitzwilliam Museum, University of Cambridge

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Beard, William (1772–1868), tourist guide and collector of bones, was born on 24 April 1772 at Woolvershill, Banwell, Somerset, the eldest of the eight children of John Beard (1738–1801), a farmer, and his second wife, Ann Poole (1760–1833). He was educated by John Tuckey...

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Charles Tilstone Beke (1800–1874) by Maull & Fox © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Beke, Charles Tilstone (1800–1874), traveller and geographer, was born on 10 October 1800 at Stepney, London, the son of James Beke. The family had ancestral connections to Bekesbourne in Kent, where Beke lived in later life. He was educated at a private school in ...

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Bell, Gertrude Margaret Lowthian (1868–1926), traveller, archaeologist, and diplomatist, was born at Washington Hall, co. Durham, on 14 July 1868, the elder child and only daughter of (Thomas) Hugh Bell (1844–1931), an ironmaster, who succeeded his father as second baronet in 1904, and his first wife, ...

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Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell (1868–1926) by unknown photographer, c. 1900 Getty Images

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Bent, (James) Theodore (1852–1897), traveller and antiquary, born at Baildon, Yorkshire, on 30 March 1852, was the only child of James Bent of Baildon and Margaret Eleanor, eldest daughter and coheir of James Lambert of Baildon. He was educated at Malvern Wells, then at ...

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A. S. Bicknell

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Bicknell, Herman (1830–1875), orientalist and traveller, was born at Herne Hill, Surrey, on 2 April 1830, the third son of Elhanan Bicknell (1788–1861) and his third wife, Lucinda Sarah (1801–1850), who was the sister of Hablot Knight Browne (‘Phiz’). Clarence Bicknell (1842–1918), archaeologist and botanist, was his brother. He was educated at ...

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G. V. Benson

revised by S. Searight

Brown, James (1709–1788), traveller and scholar, was born at Kelso, Roxburghshire, on 23 May 1709, the son of James Brown, physician, of Kelso. Nothing is known of his family background but it seems to have involved an early move to London, since he was educated at ...

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Calvert, Albert Frederick (1872?–1946), traveller and author, was the son of John Frederick (Fred) Calvert, a mining engineer, and his wife, Grace Easley. There is doubt about the date and place of his birth. Some sources make him Australian, born in New South Wales...

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Campbell, Eila Muriel Joice (1915–1994), university teacher and historian of cartography, was born on 31 December 1915 at Ropley, Hampshire, the eldest child of Walter Howard Claude Campbell (1894–1958), poultry farmer, and his wife, Lillian Muriel, née Locke (1884–1979). After military service Walter Campbell...

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Carrington, Dorothy Violet [married name Frederica Rose, Lady Rose] (1910–2002), historian and writer on Corsica, was born on 6 June 1910 at Perrott's Brook, North Cerney, near Cirencester, Gloucestershire, the younger daughter of Major-General Sir Frederick Carrington (1844–1913), a veteran of various southern African wars between 1877 and 1902, and his wife, ...