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Bobart [Bobert], Jacob, the elder (c. 1599–1680), botanist and gardener, was born at Brunswick. After a period as a soldier, during which he added a working knowledge of English and Latin to his native tongue, he settled in Oxford, possibly as an innkeeper, before being appointed superintendent of the university's new physic garden, apparently shortly before 1641, by its founder, the ...

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Bowie, James (c. 1789–1869), gardener and botanist, was born in London, son of an Oxford Street seedsman. From 1810 he was employed at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. In 1814 he was chosen by Sir Joseph Banks, with Allan Cunningham, to collect plants for ...

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Donn, James (1758–1813), botanist and gardener, was born in Perthshire. He began his horticultural training under William Aiton at Kew, and was appointed curator of the university botanic garden in Cambridge in 1794, in which post he remained until his death in 1813. His name is associated with a remarkable publication, ...

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Hyams, Edward Solomon (1910–1975), gardener and ecologist, was born at 6 Wilderton Road, Stamford Hill, London, on 30 September 1910, the son of Arthur Hyams, a newspaper advertising manager, and his wife, Annie Dollie, formerly Leitson, otherwise Hart. He was educated at University College School...

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Thomas Seccombe

revised by P. E. Kell

Knowlton, Thomas (1691–1781), gardener and botanist, was born at Chislehurst, Kent, and baptized there on 6 September 1691, the eldest of the five sons of William Knowlton and Ann Stokes. Little is known of his early life. In 1720 he was employed as a gardener by ...

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G. S. Boulger

revised by Ray Desmond

Nicholson, George (1847–1908), gardener and botanist, was born at Ripon, Yorkshire, on 7 December 1847, the son of James Nicholson, gardener, and his wife, Hannah, née Burr. Initially trained under his father, he then worked for some time in the gardens of Messrs Fisher and Holmes...

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A. F. Pollard

revised by Alexander Goldbloom

Parfitt, Edward (1820–1893), gardener and natural historian, born at East Tuddenham, Norfolk, on 17 October 1820, was the son of Edward Parfitt (1800–1875), head gardener to Lord Hastings, and his wife, Violet Howlet (1800–1836). He was educated at East Tuddenham and Honingham, and studied gardening under his father. He worked for some years as a gardener to ...

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Scott, John (1836–1880), botanist and gardener, was born on 5 April 1836 at Denholm, Roxburghshire, Scotland, the son of Robert Scott, a tenant farmer, and his wife, Helen Turnbull. He had one elder sister. At the age of four Scott became an orphan and was brought up by an aunt and educated at the parish school. During this time he developed an interest in botany, a passion which was encouraged by his cousin, the ...